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  HomeDictionary EN » NL Search Dictionary NL » EN Search English to Dutchtr anslator Dutch CoursesBeginner’s Course Advanced CourseParts of SpeechNouns Articles of NounsVerbs (tenses)Verbs (con jugation) AdjectivesPronouns AdverbsPrepositionsConjunctionsNumbersOther WordsPronunciation AlphabetVowel PracticeSyllablesOther SubjectsContactDutch Courses » Beginner’s Course » Part 2 Dutch for English Speakers Beginner’s Course   Part 1Part 2Part 3IntroductionVerbs (Tenses)QuestionsAlphabetPronounsNegationNounsAdverbsSpelling andPunctuationArticlesPrepositionsBuilding a SentenceAdjectivesConjunctionsNumbers   Other wordsSyllables Dutch Beginner’s Course Part 2 skip chapter  Verb Tenses This chapter is about how to use verbs. Read about spelling details in the document Verb Conjugation. Inthis chapter, easy examples are found.The verb list shows Dutch verbs, one table per verb. Content of Verbs Tenses Introduction to Verbs Tenses Simple Present Simple Past Present Perfect Imperative Spelling Summary Introduction to Verbs  A verb often specifies a action. werken  - to work lopen  - to walk rennen  - to runOther verbs talk about a situation, like hebben  (to have). Ik heb  een jas.  - I have a coat. Ik heb  de schroevendraaier.  - I have the screwdriver.Most verbs in Dutch have an en  ending. The dictionary will show verbs like: voel en  - to feel   converted by Web2PDFConvert.com  werk  en  - to work hebb en  - to have kom en  - to come opbell en  - to call (by telephone) zegg en  - to sayMany other verbs have an n  ending. zijn  - to be staan  - to stand gaan  - to go opstaan  - to rise overslaan  - to skip Words like staan , werken , and hebben  we call infinitives  of a verb. Tenses Without a verb, a sentence is not complete. A verb informs you about something that happens now , in the past , or in the future . The verb also shows if the action is completed or not.In the next table, six ways in which a verb is used are shown. Each of this applications is called a tense .When we talk about now , we use the present tense . When we talk about the past , we use the past tense .Six tenses of the verb to walk  are shown here. action goes on action completed  nowI walkI have walkedpastI walkedI had walkedIt will happen in the futureI will walkI will have walkedThis time, the names  of the tenses are placed in the six records. action goes on action completed  nowsimple presentpresent perfectpastsimple pastpast perfectIt will happen in the futuresimple futurefuture perfect Simple Present The simple present of a verb talks about now  . Je bent  de eerste.  - You are the first. Ja, ik werk   zonder zaag.  - Yes, I work without a saw. We hebben  een boot.  - We have a boat.If you have something now, use the present tense of hebben . If you work now, use the present tense of  werken .The verb voelen  (to feel) is shown in the table below. The appearance of the verb changes in six ways. Itdepends on the person we talk about. You can see that voel  is used everywhere. The word voel  is the base word to add letters to. We call it thestem of the verb. In the present tense, you can add t  or en  to the stem, or nothing at all. Not every verb ismade so easily, because the stem of some verbs must be adapted a little before use. singular plural  ik voelI feelwe voel en we feel converted by Web2PDFConvert.com   je voel t you feeljullie voel en you feelhij voel t he feelsze voel en they feel Word order matters When  je  (or  jij ) is the subject, the word order influences the spelling of the verb. The letter t  of voelt  isdropped, when voel  precedes  je . Then we get “voel je” . Otherwise we get “je voelt” . This can only happenin the present tense. In occurs in every regular verb.  je voelt  - you feel voel je  - you feel voel je  - do you feel Examples:   Je voelt  de wind waaien.  -  You feel  the wind is blowing. Voel je  de wind waaien?  - Do you feel  the wind is blowing? Als je hier staat, dan voel je  de wind waaien.  - If you stand over here, then you feel  the wind is blowing. But for the other persons ( ik  , hij , we , etc.) the word order doesn’t matter. The word u  means you  and isformal. Examples:   Hij voelt  de wind waaien.  - He feels  the wind is blowing. Voelt hij  de wind ook waaien?  - Does he  also feel  the wind is blowing? U voelt  de wind waaien.  -  You feel  the wind is blowing. Meneer, voelt u  de wind waaien?  - Sir, do you feel  the wind is blowing?Conclusion: the word order only influences the spelling of a verb when  je  or  jij  is involved. It is very importantto remember, because this inversion (the change of the word order) occurs in questions, and manyquestions have  je  (or  jij ) as a subject. This change only takes place in the present tense. Ben  je wakker?  - Are  you awake? Je bent  wakker.  - You are  awake. Heb  jij geld?  - Do  you have  money? Jij hebt  geld.  - You have  money. Adding more persons to the table We have talked about the personal pronouns ik, je, hij, we, jullie,  and ze . But there are more personalpronouns.the word hij  (he) can be replaced by ze  (she) or het  (it). Don’t forget these words do not mean the same,although they share a record in the table.the word  je  (you) can be replaced by u  (you), a formal word.The pronunciation of e  in the words  je , we  and ze , is like u  in “hurtle”. Replace them by  jij  (you), wij  (we)and zij  (she, they) if you want to stress the word.you can say u  to a group of people. Then u  is the formal way to say  jullie .These persons are shown in the table below. voelen  (to feel) - simple present singular  ik voelI feel je voelt jij voeltu voeltyou feelyou feelyou feelhij voeltze voeltzij voelthet voelthe feelsshe feelsshe feelsit feels  plural  we voelenwij voelenwe feelwe feel jullie voelenu voeltyou feelyou feel converted by Web2PDFConvert.com  ze voelenzij voelenthey feelthey feel Examples:   Zij voelt  de grip van het stuur.  - She feels  the grip of the steering wheel. Jullie voelen  de warmte.  - You feel  the warmth.We just talked about a regular verb, which means it behaves predictable. The verb in the next example isalso regular. Examples:   Zij bedoelt  de grip van het stuur.  - She means  the grip of the steering wheel. Jullie bedoelen  de warmte.  - You mean  the warmth. Zijn  (to be) is an irregular verb. It is not an example on how to make verbs, but the verb is important enoughto show here. zijn  (to be) - simple present singular plural  ik benI amwe zijnwe are je bentyou arejullie zijnyou arehij ishe isze zijnthey areInformation about “ben je”  is left out, because it can be concluded from what is shown. Examples:   Ik ben  hier   - I am  here. Ben  je hier?  - Are  you here? Je bent  hier.  - You are  here. De tafel is  groen.  - The table is  green.The verb hebben  (to have) is an irregular verb. It is not an example on how to make verbs, but the verb isimportant enough to show here anyway. hebben  (to have) - simple present singular plural  ik hebI havewe hebbenwe have je hebtyou havejullie hebbenyou havehij heefthe hasze hebbenthey have Examples:   Ik heb  groene laarzen.  - I have  green boots. Heeft  hij een rijbewijs?  - Does  he have  a driving license?Strong verbs look like weak verbs in the present tense. There is no visible difference here. Hij zingt .  - He sings . Zing  jij?  - Do  you sing ? Je zingt .  - You sing . Simple Past Use the past tense of a verb to talk about the past. Many novels are written in the past tense, but children’sbooks are often written in the present tense. In conversation, the simple past is used less often than thepresent perfect.In the next sentence, te  is added to wacht  to make the simple past. Ik wachtte . Het werd  donker.  - I waited. It got dark.In the present tense this would be: Ik wacht. Het wordt donker.  - I’m waiting. It is getting dark. converted by Web2PDFConvert.com
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