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Quiz Safety Activity Mobility

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   I. IDENTIFICATION.  ______________________ 1. Refers to aperson’s routine of exercise, activity, leisure and recreation.  ______________________ 2. An imaginary vertical line drawn through the body’s center of gravity.   ______________________ 3. Maximum movement possible for a joint.  ______________________ 4. Permanent shortening of a muscle.  ______________________ 5. measure of the body's ability to generate and get rid of heat.  ______________________ 6. transfer of heat as infrared electromagnetic rays from one object to another at a different temp. with which it is not contact.  ______________________ 7. body’s mechanism to regulate body temperature and prevent overheating  ______________________ 8. Serves as the thermostat of the body  ______________________ 9.  It is an involuntary response of the skeletal muscles becomes activated when the body temp. falls even slightly below 37 0 C.  ______________________ 10. Substances which elevate the set point are called _________________. II. 1. A teen in a full leg cast asks about preventing muscle mass loss in the cast. The best type of exercise the nurse can recommend is:   Isotonic   Isometric   Isokinetic   Aerobic      On the fifth postoperative day after major abdominal surgery, the nurse evaluates a client for the effects of immobility. The nurse notes that the care plan was successful when the client states:   I'm not using as much pain medication as I did yesterday.   I'm still dizzy when I get up, but it is getting better.   I am ready to eat something besides Jell-O and broth.   I hardly even think about smoking anymore.   An employee health nurse teaches a body mechanics class. While demonstrating proper lifting techniques, the nurse says:   Put the object to be lifted 12 inches from your feet.   Lift no more than 50% of your body weight plus 5 kilograms.   Lift with flexed knees and hyperextended back.   Lift with the large muscles of the legs, abdomen, and arms.   A position that puts an unconscious client at greatest risk for aspirating secretions is:   Supine   Lateral   Sims'   Prone      Which of the following describes a client with a nursing diagnosis of Activity Intolerance III?   Fatigued at rest   Able to climb one flight of stairs slowly without stopping   Unable to climb one flight of stairs without stopping   Able to walk one city block without stopping   Two nurses plan to move a client with weakness into a wheelchair. As they prepare to make the transfer, one of the nurses correctly instructs the client to:   Use the IV pole as a lever when rising from the bed   Push up from the bed using her arms on the count of three   Hold on to the side rails facing the bottom of the bed before standing   Put feet behind the nurses' feet   A nurse evaluating the performance of an unlicensed assistant corrects a client's position. Which client requires repositioning?   A client in a Fowler's position, with the head of the bed raised 75 degrees, a large pillow placed under the head, and plantar flexion of the feet   A client in a Dorsal Recumbent position, with the head flat, a small pillow under the lumbar curve, and sandbags placed lateral to the trochanter of the femur   A client in a prone position, with the head turned to the side, a small pillow under the abdomen, and the lower legs supported on a pillow with feet extended   A client in a right lateral position, with the arms in front of the body, the upper arm supported with a pillow, and the shoulders and hips aligned with one another   Which of the following techniques imposes the greatest stress on the nurse's back?   Lifting with the large muscles of the legs   Helping clients ambulate      Turning immobilized clients in bed   Transferring clients in and out of bed   A nurse is assessing a client's range of motion. An abnormality is detected when:   The head hyperextends back 10 degrees from an upright position   The arm abducts 180 degrees laterally from the side of the body to the side and above the head   The elbow supinates 90 degrees   The thumb flexes 45 degrees toward the fifth finger   1. A type of heat loss that occurs when the heat is dissipated by air current A. Convection  B. Conduction C. Radiation D. Evaporation 25. Which of the following is TRUE about temperature? A. The highest temperature usually occurs later in a day, around 8 P.M to 12 M.N  B. The lowest temperature is usually in the Afternoon, Around 12 P.M C. Thyroxin decreases body temperature D. Elderly people are risk for hyperthermia due to the absence of fats, Decreased thermoregulatory control and sedentary lifestyle. 26. Hyperpyrexia is a condition in which the temperature is greater than A. 40 degree Celsius B. 39 degree Celsius C. 100 degree Fahrenheit D. 105.8 degree Fahrenheit  27. Tympanic temperature is taken from John, A client who was brought recently into the ER due to frequent barking cough. The temperature reads 37.9 Degrees Celsius. As a nurse, you conclude that this temperature is

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Jul 23, 2017

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Jul 23, 2017
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