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Scanning in Reading Comprehension

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scanning in reading comprehension
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  1 SCANNING IN READING COMPREHENSION A.   Definition Scanning What is reading comprehension? Reading comprehension is defined as the level of understanding of a text/message. This understanding comes from the interaction between the words that are written and how they trigger knowledge outside the text/message. Understanding a written text means extracting the required information from it as efficiently as possible. For example, we apply different reading strategies when looking at a notice board to see it there is an advertisement for a particular type of flat and when carefully reading an article of special interest in a scientific journal. Yet locating the relevant advertisement on the board and understanding the new information contained in the article demonstrates that the reading purpose in each case has been successfully fulfilled. In the first case, a competent reader will quickly reject the irrelevant information and find what he is looking for. In the second case, it is not enough to understand the gist of the text; more detailed comprehension is necessary. It is therefore essential to take the following elements into consideration. What is scanning? Scanning  a text is a reading technique where the reader looks for specific information rather than trying to absorb all the information. Scanning is a method of selective reading, when searching for a particular fact or answer to a question. Scanning can best be described as a looking rather than a reading process. When we  2 scanning, we only try to locate specific information and often we do not even follow the linearity of the passage to do so. How do I use scanning? 1.   State in your mind specifically the information for which you are looking. Phrase it in question form, if possible. 2.   Try to anticipate how the answer will appear and what clues you might use to help you locate the answer. 3.   Determine the organization of the material; it is your most important clue to where to begin looking for information. Especially when looking up information contained in charts and tables, the organization of the information is crucial to rapid scanning. 4.   Use headings and any other aids that will help you identify which sections might contain the information for which you are looking. 5.   Selectively read and skip through likely sections of the passage, keeping in mind the specific question you formed and your expectations of how the answer might appear. Move your eyes down the page in a systematic way. 6.   When you have found the needed information, carefully read the sentences in which it appears in order to confirm that you have located the correct information.  3 B.   Example: The Red Fox The r ed fox couldn’t have chosen a worse time to bring a litter of kits into the world. Nestled in a small hollow beneath a hickory tree, curled against their mother’s plush fur, the three young kits were warm and comfortable. But when the freezing storms came, the shallow nest would surely let in the snow. And it would be too easy for predators to find the babies when their mother left them to search for food. The fox knew she would have to seek a new home, and soon.”  1. Where had the red fox chosen to nestle? 2. How many young kits did the red fox have? 3. Who might be able to find the babies if the red fox left them alone? Read the first question, “Where had the red fox chosen to nestle?” Then scan to the word “nestled”. Note out loud that since a form of the word “nestle” (nestled) is in the question, then perhaps this would be the area of the text where you might find the answer. Read aloud the sentence, reflect back to the question, and then confirm the answer by rereading the portion of the sentence that states the answer (a small hollow beneath a hickory tree, curled against their mother’s plush fur) Repeat this procedure with the remaining two questions.  4 C.   Exercise Reading Story    Multiple Choice Question Sara Smith, a Pasadena resident, went shopping. She is 30, and has lived at 3037 N. Foothill Street since 1992. Sara has been married to John for seven years. They have two children; Bob is five years old and Nancy is three. Sara owns a 1995 four-door blue Toyola. At 9 a.m., Sara got into her car and drove to Barget, a department store a mile away. Barget was having a holiday sale. Sara bought a four-slice toaster for $29.95 plus tax. The regular price was $39.95. She paid by check. On her way home, Sara stopped at MilkPlus to buy a gallon of nonfat milk. The milk was $3.50. Sara got 50 cents back in change. Sara arrived home at 10 a.m. John and the kids were still sleeping. She woke hem up and then made a hot and nutritious breakfast for everyone. 1.   How old is Sara? a.   She's 30 years old. b.   She's 29 years old. c.   She's 28 years old. d.   She's 27 years old. e.   She's 26 years old. 2.   Who is Sara married to? a.   She is married to Smith. b.   She is married to Andrew. c.   She is married to John. d.   She is married to Chris. e.   She is single. 3.   How many children do Sara and John have? a.   They have three children. b.   They have five children. c.   They have six children

biorefineries.pdf

Jul 23, 2017
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