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An outline of american history: American civil war

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1. By Fabiola Rivera 2.  Senior Senator from Illinois. He proposed the policy of «popular sovereignity» Political doctrine that allowed settlers of the U.S.…
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  • 1. By Fabiola Rivera
  • 2.  Senior Senator from Illinois. He proposed the policy of «popular sovereignity» Political doctrine that allowed settlers of the U.S. federal territories to decide whether to enter the Union as free or slave states. He was influential in the passage of the Compromise of 1850 Series of measures passed by the U.S. Congress to settle slavery issues and avert secession.
  • 3. Douglas’s bill proyected the organization of Kansas andNebraska, and permited settlers to carried slaves into them. - It was not accepted by northeners. - There were series of debates about it. The bill passed the Senate.
  • 4.  The Whig Party sank into its death. A powerful new organization arose: The Republican Party Its primary demand The figure of was that slavery should Abraham Lincoln be excluded from all arose the territories «Bleeding Kansas»
  • 5.  A Missouri slave who was taken to Illinois and Missouri territory.  When he came back, Scott began suit for liberation.The southern- dominated court decided that by voluntarily returning to a slave state, Scott had lost whatever tittle he possessed to liberty and ruled that any attempt to Congress to prohibit slavery in the territory was invalid.
  • 6.  He had long regarded slavery as an evil. According to him, al national legalization should be framed on the principle that slavery was an institution to be restricted and ultimately abolished. «Popular sovereignty» principle was false. Slavery was a concern for the whole U.S. He became a strong rival of S. Douglas for the Senate of Illinois.
  • 7. The Republican Party Proposals: • No more slavery. • Free homestead to settlers. Abraham Lincoln WON THE ELECTION
  • 8. Government of 11 southern states that seceded from the Union.- Lincoln refused to recognize the secession, considering “legally void.”- He made a plea for restoration, but the south didn’t listen.
  • 9. The Civil War1861 - 1865
  • 10. - 23 states - Pop. = 22 000 000North - Facilitation of arms and ammunition - 11 statesSouth - 9 000 000 - Well watered territory The main theaters of action: - Mississippi Valley - The sea - Seaboard states.
  • 11.  In 1863, Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation, which freed the slaves and invited them to join the armed forces of the nation. In 1865, end of the war. The North defeated the South.
  • 12.  620, 000 deaths. The south was devastated. The Union was preserved. Slavery as abolished.
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