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  BADMINTON HISTORY OF THE GAME: Badminton srcinated in China some 50 years before the birth of Christ. Modern day Badminton srcinated at a party in India. A few of the guests, soldiers, and statesmen fastened feathers onto a champagne cork, and used the bottles as bats, and thus instituted a game which they called !oona. his game recei#ed immediate popularity and was taken to $ngland by $nglish army officers stationed in India in %&'(. he name of Badminton came from the #illage of Badminton, the residence of a )uke who was an enthusiast of the sport. he real de#elopment of the game began in the late %&00*s with the formation of Badminton associations, establishment of official playing rules, and with regulated playing e+uipment. Badminton spread to Canada about %&0 and into the -nited tates a few years later. oday, Badminton is played both indoors and outdoors, and is a fast game re+uiring concentration, teamwork, control, and coordination. TERMS YOU SHOULD KNOW AND LEARN:  Alley  ////// $tension of the court by %12 feet on both sides for doubles play  Back Alley  /Area between back boundary and long ser#ice lines Back-cour / he back half of the court in the general area of the back boundary line Back!a # /// he non/racket side of the body  Ba$el% e /// he lines parallel to the net which limit the playing area at the end  boundaries of the court B%r# //////A commonly used term for the shuttle, the missile used in place of a  ball  Block  ///////!lacing the racket in front of the shuttle and letting it rebound into the opponent*s side of the court. 3ot a stroke. &arry  ///////Momentarily holding the shuttle on the racket during the eecution of a stroke. Also called a sling or a throw. his is an illegal procedure. &e er or Ba$%c 'o$%%o /!osition in which a player stands in relation to the lines of the court, the net, the opponent, and the shuttle. he spot approimately in the center of the court to which a player tries to return after each shot. &lear /////ometimes known as a lob, this shot is hit high and deep to the back of the opponent*s court. &our ////Area of play. Although the si4e #aried during the %&00*s, it has been standardi4ed since the %(0*s. It is 20* by * for doubles, and %'* by * forsingles. &ro$$cour S!o$ ///hots hit diagonally from one side of the court to the other Dece(%o /// he art of decei#ing or outwitting one*s opponent. Accomplished in badminton with decepti#e stroking by changing the direction and speed of the shuttle at the last minute. Dou)le H% ///6itting the shuttle twice in succession on the same stroke, An illegal procedure Dr%*e ///A hard, flat shot which makes a hori4ontal flight across the net. -sually hit close to the net as it crosses and downward when possible Dro( S!o ///7inesse stroke hit with #ery little speed which falls close to the net on the opponent*s side Faul ///A #iolation of the rules. 7aults can be during ser#ice, by both ser#er and1or recei#er, or during play F%r$ Ser*%ce /// he term used in doubles to indicate that the team still has both its ser#es Fla /// he flight of the shuttle with a le#el hori4ontal tra8ectory. Also, the angle of the face of the racket which does not impart spin to the shuttle Forecour /// his is the area of the court nearest the net9 usually refers to the area between the net and the short ser#ice line Fore!a # /// he racket side of the body. 7or right/handed players, it would be the right side of the body and includes all strokes made on this side  Ga+e /// he unit of points necessary to win the game. e#en points in both men*s and women*s play, singles and1or doubles Ha #-I /// he term used to show that the player ser#ing still retains the ser#ice Ha #-Do, Ou /// he term used to show that one player in doubles has lost his1her ser#ice. In doubles, each side has two hands down, ecept the #ery first time a team ser#es in a game. I ///A shot which lands on a line, or is hit by an opponent I % . /// he terms of ser#ice/the time during which a player or team holds the ser#ice K%ll ///7ast, downward shot which usually cannot be returned. A put/away  Le ///Any unforeseen or accidental hindrance. :hen the bird is ser#ed before therecei#er is ready. :hen a let occurs, the play doesn*t count and the ser#e is taken o#er Lo . Ser*e ///A ser#e that is used mostly in singles going high and deep into thecourt. It should land near the back alley. Lo*e ///A term used to indicate no score, If the score is (/lo#e, it means the ser#er has three and his opponent has 4ero. he umpire will usually start a singlesgame by calling lo#e/all, play. Lo*e-All ///A term which indicates the score is 0/0. It is also used when a game has been $ Mac! ///A match is usually the best three out of fi#e games Mac! 'o%  /// he point which, if won by the ser#er, wins the match M%#-cour /// he center of the court area approimately halfway between the netand the back boundary line Ne S!o ///A shot played in the forecourt that barely clears the net and then drops O((o e  /// he person or team you are playing against Ou ///A bird which lands out of the boundary lines /Ou/ S%#e ///ide recei#ing ser#e, opposite of in side  'a$$% . S!o ///A shot that goes past an opponent to the side, as contrasted to one going o#er his head 'lace /// o aim a shot so that it lands in a certain part of the court 'u$! S!o ///A gentle net shot played by merely pushing the shuttle without force Rally  /// he echange of strokes back and forth while the shuttle is in play until it becomes dead Rea#y 'o$%%o ///An alert body position enabling +uick mo#ement in any direction. his position should be assumed 8ust before the opponent strokes the shuttle. It is usually with slightly fleed knees and the racket held about chest high Rece%*er /// he player who recei#es the ser#ice Ru$! !e $er*e ///;uick mo#e to the net by the recei#er after the ser#e has been struck to put away a short ser#e that is weak. -sed mostly in doubles and mied doubles play  Seco # $er*%ce ///A term used in doubles play to indicate that one person has lost his1her ser#ice and is down9 his partner still retains his ser#e Ser*e$er*%ce /// he act of putting the shuttle into play by hitting it into the opponent*s court. <pening stroke of each echange or rally  Se% . /// he method of etending the game by playing additional points when the score is tied at specific scores in a game. he player or team reaching this score first has the option of setting. S!or $er*e ///A ser#e used mainly in doubles. It passes close to the top of the net and lands 8ust past the short ser#ice line. S!or $er*%ce l% e /// he line = %12 feet from the net that ser#es must cross to  be legal S!ulecock  /// he official name for the shuttle or bird. he shuttles are of two types> ?%@ goose feathers, and ?2@ nylon S%#e-I /// his term refers to the side whose turn it is to ser#e S%#e-Ou /// his occurs when the side that is ser#ing loses the ser#e and  becomes the recei#ing team
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