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Bar code-technology in tire industry

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1. Bar codePowerPoint has newlayouts that give youmore ways to present Bar- Code Reader your words, images and media.Creating possibilities... Bar code Scanning 2. …
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  • 1. Bar codePowerPoint has newlayouts that give youmore ways to present Bar- Code Reader your words, images and media.Creating possibilities... Bar code Scanning
  • 2.  Also known as "WIP Systems," It is an automatic identification technology Bar code is a predefined format of dark bars and white s paces Structured to contain a specific piece of information It allows real-time data to be collected accurately and rapidly Combination of barcode technology with computer and application software improves performance, productivit y and profitability
  • 3.  MANUAL METHODS  AUTOMATIC METHODS  KEYBOARD OPERATI  OPTICAL CHARACTER RECOG ON NITION  MAGNETIC INK  1 ERROR/300 CHARA CTERS  MACHINE VISION  RADIO FREQUENCY IDENTIFI CATION  SMART CARDS  BAR CODE
  • 4.  REPRESENT UNIQUE IDENTITY OF A PRODUCT ACCURACY OF DATA INPUT (ERROR FREE) AID EFFECTIVE MANAGEMENT OF RESOURCES AND INVENTORIES LABOUR SAVINGS BY AVOIDING MANUAL SYSTEM
  • 5.  COST EFFICIENT REAL TIME DATA COLLECTION MEASUREMENT OF W.I.P. THROUGHOUT THE FACTORY RAPID ACCESS TO TOTAL PRODUCTION COSTS MORE ACCURATE DISPATCH.
  • 6.  A device used to extract information optically from a Bar Code Bar Code symbol consists of series of vertical dark bars separated by light spaces When illuminated reflected light is detected by electro optical sensor The intensity of reflected light from the dark bars is less than that of spaces
  • 7.  Reflected light is converted into electrical voltage signals Analog voltages are digitized into raw data The decoder converts this data into the character data representation of the symbol’s code
  • 8.  CONTACT READERS  Musttouch or come in cl ose proximity of symbol  Good where the label can not be placed in an easy-t o-view position  Normallyhand-held/stat ionary units  Common type is pen/wa nd reader
  • 9.  A low-resolution wand may not be able to recognize a narrow ba r of high-density symbol Positioned angle of wand to the surface and movement speed ac ross the symbol are key paramet ers A high-density resolution wand use d to read a low-density symbol mig ht see an ink spot as bar or an ink v oid as a space
  • 10.  Reader need not come in contact with sy mbol Scan distance may be from 6” to several f eet depending upon symbol size and scan ner design Hand-held, fixed beam readers
  • 11.  INVENTORY CONTROL  Portable readers W.I.P. COMPANY INVENTORY  Raw materials  WIP (Components, Assemblies, Semi finished Products)  Finished Products
  • 12.  SHIPPING WARE HOUSING ELECTRONIC DATA INTERCHANGE (EDI)  Direct communication between computers of tw o companies (Manufacturer & Vendor)  Industry-wide EDI standards  Reduces cost and saves time of business transact ion
  • 13.  RETAIL APPLICATIONS  Super markets  Counter-mounted Bar Code scanners  Universal Product Code (UPC)  Price and description information HEALTH CARE APPLICATIONS  Drugs, devices, instruments  Identification of expiry date  Blood banking Blood group Expiry date Donor traceability
  • 14. APPLICATIONS …
  • 15. In somewhat simple terms, a WIP system might record and responses to: What (what thing or job?) Where (where it is/was it located?) Task or operation (what work was done?) Who (who did the work?) Duration (how long did it take them?) Output (how many units were produced and/or scra pped?)
  • 16.  EFFECTIVE MANUFACTURING PROCESS NEEDS EACH TIRE BAR CODED TWO LABELS PREFERABLY LABEL TO CONTAIN  BATCH DETAILS  MFR DATE  TIRE SIZE  CUSTOMER CODE ISBN (International Standard Book Num ber) BAR CODE COULD BE USED. Establishes and identifies one title from one specific manufacturer and is unique to that manufacturer.
  • 17.  There are two basic types of manufacturing: dis crete and process. Discrete manufacturing (auto manufacturing) relies on a (BOM) to identify the large number of specific parts or subassemblies and their qu antities. Process manufacturing (e.g., chemical processi ng) is formula-based. It relies on weights and m easures (pounds or gallons) of raw ingredients.
  • 18.  RECEIVING RAW MATERIAL INVENTORY PICKING WIP PRODUCT IDENTIFICATION FINISHED GOODS SHIPPING
  • 19. Mixing the materials Natural and synthetic rubber are combined with carbon blackExtruding the treadThe extruders produce a continuous sheet oftread rubber, which is then cooled and cut tospecific tire lengths Weaving the plies Spinning cords such as rayon, nylon, steel and polyester undergo a process called “calendering”, where they are coated with rubber on both sides.Preparing the bead coreThe bead core is formed by aligning, andthen coating plated steel wires with rubber
  • 20. VulcanizationThe “green” tire is placed in a curing pressfor a certain period of time (10-15 minutes)at a specific pressure and temperatureThe building process involves two stages.Stage 1: Beginning with the woven sheets, the inner liner, body plies and sidewalls areplaced on the building drum.Stage 2: The tire is shaped by inflating the rubber and applying side tread rubber, two steelbelts and a cap ply to achieve a "green" tire.
  • 21.  Final inspection Each tire is visually and electronically inspected for balance, quality and uniformity. This final check ensures consistent and reliable performance. Ready for ShippingFinished Goods
  • 22.  DATABASE PROGRAM LINKS THE BAR CODE TO THE TIRE P RESS MACHINES AUTHORISED ID CARD INCLUDES BAR CODE  Card could be used by workers.  OT (Over time).  Monthly payment report.  OT calculation.  Section in-charge approvals.  Attendance ID card.  Serial number of worker and department he works. BAR CODE READER IS INTERFACED WITH THE COMPU TER FOR TRACKING OF TIRE.
  • 23.  THE TYPICAL SEQUENCE WOULD BE  Database creation (OPAC)  Generate Bar Code for all Press Machines.  Installation of suitable scanning equipment Set different criteria for Manufacturing. For example:  BATCH DETAILS  MFR DATE  TIRE SIZE  CUSTOMER CODE
  • 24.  Quick and error free entry of batch details, mfr date, tire size, customer code. Ensures total integrity of collected data. Avoids piling up of data entry work for counter staff Stock verification made easy. Raw materials are available in Just in time(JIT).
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