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Bazele gramaticii germane.pdf

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www.che.iitm.ac.in/~kripal kripal@che.iitm.ac.in INDIAN INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY MADRAS GERMAN GRAMMAR AND USAGE BASICS OF GERMAN GRAMMAR kripal singh CHEMICAL ENGINEERING (BTECH AND MTECH) ,IIT MADRAS 2007 KRIPAL SINGH, DEPARTMENT OF CHEMICAL ENGINEERING , GANGA HOSTEL ,IIT MADRAS,CHENNAI-36,INDIA www.che.iitm.ac.in/~kripal kripal@che.iitm.ac.in GERMAN GRAMMAR LEARNING COURSE -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
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    INDIAN   INSTITUTE   OF   TECHNOLOGY   MADRAS 2007 GERMAN GRAMMAR AND USAGE BASICS OF GERMAN GRAMMAR kripal singh CHEMICAL ENGINEERING (BTECH AND MTECH) ,IIT MADRAS KRIPAL   SINGH,   DEPARTMENT   OF   CHEMICAL   ENGINEERING   ,   GANGA   HOSTEL   IIT   MADRASCHENNAI-36INDIA www.che.iitm.ac.in/~kripalkripal@che.iitm.ac.in  GERMAN GRAMMAR LEARNING COURSE -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- COMPILED BY : KRIPAL SINGH DEPARTMENT : CHEMICAL ENGINEERING Home Grammar of German A.    Nouns and noun modifiers B.   Pronouns C.   Verbs, Present tense D.   Word order  E.   Prepositions F.   Adjectives and adverbs G.   Conjunctions H.   Verbs, Other tenses I.   Verbs, Subjunctive mood J.   Verbs, Passive voice Reference Home | Grammar    Nouns and noun modifiers A.   Gender  B.   Case 1.    Nominative case 2.   Accusative case 3.   Dative case 4.   Genitive case C.    Der- word noun modifiers D.    Ein- word noun modifiers E.   Plurals of nouns Home | Grammar  | Submenu  Next Practice  Gender : The grammatical gender of a German noun, together with its case, determines the article, and the endings on the modifiers and adjectives preceding the noun. German has three grammatical genders: masculine, feminine, and neuter. www.che.iitm.ac.in/~kripalkripal@che.iitm.ac.in   Masculine Feminine Neuter People Objects Possessives Adjectives der Sohn der Stuhl mein Sohn mein junger Sohn die Tochter die Tür meine Tochter meine junge Tochter das Kind das Buch mein Kind mein junges Kind Summaries  Definite and indefinite articles  der  -word noun modifier endings  ein -word noun modifier endings   Case: The function of a noun in a German sentence determines its case, which together with its gender  determines the article, and the endings on modifiers and adjectives preceding the noun (or on the noun itself). Nominative Accusative Dative Genitive  Der junge Mann sitzt hier. Kennen Sie den jungen Mann? Ich gebe es dem jungen Mann. Wie ist der Name des jungen Mannes? The young man is sitting here. Do you know the young man? I give it to the young man. What is the young man's name? Summaries  Definite and indefinite articles  der  -word noun modifier endings  ein -word noun modifier endings   Home | Grammar  | Submenu Previous |  Next | More... Practice   Nominative Case - Functions  Nouns and  pronouns use the nominative case: 1.   when they are the subject of the verb 2.   when they are a predicate nominative, i.e., complete a linking verb (e.g.,  sein  or werden ) 1) Der Mann bleibt hier. 2) Das ist eine Bank. The man is staying here. That is a bank. Home | Grammar  | Submenu Previous |  Next Practice   Nominative Case - Forms www.che.iitm.ac.in/~kripalkripal@che.iitm.ac.in  The definite and indefinite articles in the nominative case are: Masculine Feminine Neuter Plural  Definite Indefinite der Mann ein Mann die Frau eine Frau das Kind ein Kind die Leute keine Leute Other noun modifiers follow the same pattern: Masculine Feminine Neuter Plural  der-words ein-words  dieser Mann mein Mann welche Frau seine Frau  jedes Kind ihr Kind manche Leute deine Leute Home | Grammar  | Submenu Previous |  Next | More... Practice  Accusative Case - Functions  Nouns and  pronouns use the accusative case: 1.   when they are the direct object of a verb 2.   when they are the object of an accusative preposition  3.   when they are the object of an accusative/dative preposition  4.   when they are used in an expression of definite time 5.   when they are used in conjunction with certain special expressions.  1) Ich sehe den Mann. 2) Wir gehen durch das Haus. 3) Sie geht in einen Laden. 4) Er macht das jeden Abend. 5) Wir sind ihn endlich los! I see the man. We go through the house. She goes into a store. He does that every evening. We finally are rid of him! Home | Grammar  | Submenu Previous |  Next Practice  Accusative Case - Forms The definite and indefinite articles in the accusative case are: Masculine Feminine Neuter Plural  Definite Indefinite den Mann einen Mann die Frau eine Frau das Kind ein Kind die Leute keine Leute Other noun modifiers follow the same pattern: Masculine Feminine Neuter Plural  www.che.iitm.ac.in/~kripalkripal@che.iitm.ac.in

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Jul 24, 2017
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