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BEING AND CONFLICT RESOLUTION

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BEING AND CONFLICT RESOLUTION
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  UNIVERSITY OF LAGOSSCHOOL OF POSTGRADUATE STUDIESDEPARTMENT OF PHILOSOPHYMASTER OF ARTSEBHUELE FAVOUR OMOSORIA159017014COURSE: PROBLEM OF BEINGA TERM PAPER ONBEING AND CONFLICT RESOLUTIONDR. CHRIS OSEGENWUNEJUNE !01". 1  A#$%&'(% Individuals have developed their own concept of being and reality, which is peculiar totheir past experiences, education, religion and background. This is normal, and notirrational; however, problems have arisen as a result of certain level of dogmatism,fixism, bigotry and stagnancy within one’s beliefs, and hatred for the beliefs of others,resulting in conflict. Philosophy has decided to come out of its dogmatic slumber andseek to pursue solutions to this problem that has been created by the what! of  philosophy. "e need conflict resolution in order for peaceful co#existence amonghumans in the society at large. Phenomenology has provided this solution, and this paper will analy$e being, as well as show us how phenomenology will help in resolvingconflicts.  Keywords: Conflict, Resolution, Being, Reality and Phenomenology 2  INTRODUCTION %ix &'( blind men were touching an elephant, unknown to them. The first man touched the trunk and said it was a snake, the second touched its horns and claimed it was a knife, the third touchedits body and thought it was a wall, the fourth thought its leg was a tree, the fifth touched its tailand said it was a rope, and the last man touched its ear and said it was a big leaf. These men hadtheir own concepts of being, as totally different from that of the others; as a result, they began toargue and conflict arose.The foundation of philosophy has been built on the study of )eing. In ancient philosophy,various philosophers have *uestioned the srcin of reality, with the basic *uestion +x *uaconstitutes materi modus! which means what is the basic stuff of the universe!, in other wordswhat is #)*+, !)eing is an extremely broad concept which encompasses the ob-ective and sub-ective features of the universe, with every philosopher tending towards one, the other, or both. The study of #)*+, is subsumed in metaphysics, which is a branch of philosophy. owever,  #)*+,  has proven to berelatable in other aspects of reality, including logic, ethics, politics and epistemology. /or thesake of clarification, the study of being is known as 01T02034. This term is used tocharacteri$e the most critical aspect of metaphysics.5an is a bundle of conflicts and con*uests. This is because of the existent interpersonal andintrapersonal crisis at various works of life. The *uestion is6 "hy is this so! "hy is conflictassociated with man! 7re there methods through which man can reduce or totally end the eraof conflicts in the society! 7re conflicts part of the ontological nature of man! 3  In a typical example, Philosophy students know 8r 9hris as a lecturer in philosophy. The aspectof his being! as a lecturer is known to his students. Is it safe to conclude that there is no more to8r 9hris aside his being a lecturer is children will see him as a father, meaning that another aspect of his being, as a father, is known. 9onflict will arise if philosophy students : perceptionof 8r 9hris as a lecturer is )eing!, and every other aspect is termed nonbeing!, whereas, hischildren lay hold to the claim that their daddy! is his full being!, and every other aspect of himthat is unknown to them is nonbeing!.In an attempt to solve the problem of conflicts among humans, we will discuss6 Parmenides andthe problem of being &which attempts to delve into the foundation of conflicts as a result of theexistence of non being!(, The ow! of philosophy and conflict resolution6 which gives asolution to the rise of conflicts and Principles of conflict resolution.In the first part, we would look into the srcin of the problem of being, which srcinated fromParemenides’ famous dictum that )eing is, and 1on#being is not. This led to fixism, dogmatism,fanaticism and absolutism, as humans perceive their own concept of being as peculiar tothemselves, regarding the reality of others as 1othing!.0n the second part, we will move to the ow! of philosophy and how it will help us resolveconflicts in our society. The ow! of philosophy used here, is Phenomenology, which teachesus to know things -ust as they are, removing all aspects of dogma and fanaticisms, as to help build the "hat! of philosophy which is 0ntology.The third part will emphasi$e on the principles of conflict that was propounded by 9.% 5omoh.They are the 9ognitive principle, the umorous principle, 1atural principle, Principle of  4   patience and the principle of +mpathy. These principles, it will be discovered, are all incon-unction with the concept of phenomenology./inally, we would give an evaluation of the work, as well as a definite conclusion that thesolution to the problem generated by the what! of philosophy has been provided by the how!of philosophy. 1.0 CONCEPTUAL CLARIFICATION In order to analy$e the problem of )eing, and how it has led to the emergence of conflicts in thesociety, we need to define the key word6 )eing and 9onflict. 1.1 BEING Philosophy is the search for the true nature of )eing.   eidegger had defined being as the lightwhich give sight to metaphysics. <  =nah on the other hand defined being as the enabling that bring beings or entities into lights. >   0n our own side, being is the inexhaustible reservoir of  possibilities and becoming of conscious entities. This means being has the inexhaustible capacityto be and not be. This therefore dovetails into our conception of being as nothing, that is, being isnon#being. This definition of being is based on the orientation that being is not a fixed state of affirms or entity as such. 0n the other hand, nonbeing, according to Parmenides, could beconceptuali$ed as nothing, that is, what is not. ?  owever, we have defined being as nothing, or nonbeing. Therefore, nonbeing is being, that is, nonbeing is what is. 1 Jim Unah, Existentialism , (Lagos: Panaf Publishing Inc, 1996), p. 26.2 hi!"o#i! $%o&o 'P&obl!ms of !aph*sical Philosoph*+ in  African Nebula , ($shogbo: $sun a! Uni-!&si*, 211), Issu! 3, p. 11/.3  Jim Unah , On Being: Discourse on the Ontology of Man, (Lagos: 0a"!c Publish!&s, 2), p.2 
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