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Benefits of Intermodal Integration: Case Study of Istanbul, Turkey

Benefits of Intermodal Integration: Case Study of Istanbul, Turkey
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  Benefits of IntermodalIntegration: Case Study inIstanbul Darcin Akin, Ph.D. Gebze Institute of Technology (GIT) Assistant Professor, Department of City & Regional Planning,Kocaeli, Turkey. #: 06-0282  Paper #: 06-0282Page 2/ 47   Theme of the paper  a simple, practical tool for estimating increasedridership in a metro line caused by integration(basically shortening) of competing bus-minibustransit services.  a model is developed to estimate the increased ridership in Istanbul’s metro line (7.9 -km long at themoment and being extended) due to the integrationwith bus and minibus transit lines and examined theissues related to the intermodal integration.  To estimate the effectiveness of the integrationaction, ridership information in all modes beforeand after the integration was gathered and analyzed.  Paper #: 06-0282Page 3/ 47   Study Approach Inthisstudy,theintegrationof Istanbul’s metrowithbus/minibustransitmodesisrecommendedtoincreasethetransportandcostefficiencyinthemetroandtoreduceoperationcostsinbus/minibustransitmodesbyrecommendingasuccessfulandefficientintegrationbetweenthetwomodes.Toestimatetheeffectivenessoftheintegrationaction,asimplerelationshipbetweenridershipandroutelengthisdevelopedtoestimateridershipincreasein Istanbul’s metrosystemfrommodalintegrationwiththeinputofridershipinformationinallmodesbeforeandaftertheintegration.Thepaperexaminedtheissuesrelatedtothefull-integrationofthecitymetrosystemwithbusandminibustransitsystems.  Paper #: 06-0282Page 4/ 47   Purpose of the study-1 Purpose of this study is twofold: One is to develop a simple relation betweenridership and route length for quickly estimatingridership changes from modal integration todecide whether or not efficiency of integration isalready met to cover the operating costs of the heavy rail mode since in Istanbul’s case, a minimum daily ridership must be 150 thousandperson-trips to cover the cost of operations ofstations and vehicles for a typical daily service.  Paper #: 06-0282Page 5/ 47  Second is to identify options and recommendviable actions for the full integration of thebus/minibus systems with the metro system byreviewing potential integration alternatives forefficiency in transit operation.  Full integration was desirable for increasing theridership of the metro system, improving theefficiency and profitability of the metro system,and reducing traffic congestion, and air and noise pollution in downtown Mecidiyeköy, Şişli and Taksim, and their surroundings.   Purpose of the study-2
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