Government & Politics

Developing Civic and Career Global Competencies with Identity Negotiation during Studying Abroad

Global competence has been widely promoted as a way for individuals to cultivate their “competitive edge” and to enhance their employability. However, civic global competence has been underdeveloped, although it is essential to understand the
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  Inclusive and Innovative Internationalization of Higher Education: Proceedings of the WES-CIHE Summer Institute  June 19–21, 2019 Boston College CIHE Perspectives No. 14 Rebecca Schendel, Hans de Wit, and Tessa DeLaquil, Editors  Inclusive and Innovative Internationalizationof Higher Education Proceedings of the WES-CIHE Summer Institute June 19–21, 2019   Boston College Rebecca SchendelHans de WitTessa DeLaquil (Editors) CIHE Perspectives No.14  CIHE Perspectives This series of studies focuses on aspects of research and analysis undertaken at the Boston College Center for International Higher Education. The Center brings an international consciousness to the analysis of higher education. We believe that an international perspective will contribute to enlightened policy and practice. To serve this goal, the Center produces International Higher Education  (a quarterly publication), books, and other publications; sponsors conferences; and welcomes visiting scholars. We have a special concern for academic institutions in the Jesuit tradition worldwide and, more broadly, with Catholic universities. The Center promotes dialogue and cooperation among academic institutions throughout the world. We believe that the future depends on effective collaboration and the creation of an international community focused on the improvement of higher education in the public interest. Center for International Higher Education Campion Hall Boston College Chestnut Hill, MA 02467 USA ©2019 Boston College Center for International Higher Education. All Rights Reserved Table of Contents 1 WES/CIHE Foreword Overview 3   Overview of the 2019 WES-CIHE Summer Institute Natalie Borg 5 Inclusive Internationalization is Innovative Internationalization: Purpose-Driven Higher Education Against Inequity in Society Tessa DeLaquil The Internationalization Profession 8 Investigating Perceived Understandings and Challenges of Internationalization among International Education Professionals in U.S. Higher Education Tian Gong 11 Senior International Officers as Entrepreneurs: Creating New Solutions for the 21st Century Natalie Cruz 14 Locally-hired IBC Lecturers as Global University Representatives: Assumptions, Challenges and Solutions Heather Swenddal, Mathews Nkhoma, and Sarah Grumbley Institutional Experiences with Internationalization 17 The Relationship Between International Undergraduate Student Enrollment and Net Tuition Revenue at Research Universities in the United States Olga Komissarova 20 Closing in on ‘the what’: STEM Students’ Transformational Global Learning Experiences Sherrie Rhodes Beeson, Yenisleidy Simon Mengana, and Connie Penczak 23 Striving for Outcomes: A Community College Study Abroad Case Study Heidi Fischer  25 Challenges for Internationalization HEIs Honduras Experience from UNAH Clarissa Nu ñ ez 21 Liberal Arts Curriculum in East Asian Context: Inclusion and Internationalization Leping Mou National Policies on Internationalization 24 Inclusive (?) Internationalization: The Case of Outbound Student Mobility in India Malish Chirakkal 27 The Brazilian Internationalization: Challenges and Possibilities Developed through the Science Without Borders Program Matheus Batalha Moreira Nery 29 South-South Cooperation in Brazilian Higher Education: How Cooperative and Inclusive? Fernanda Leal  1 INCLUSIVE   AND   INNOVATIVE   INTERNATIONALIZATION   FOREWORD I t is our great pleasure to present the proceedings of the 2019 WES-CIHE Summer Institute on In-novative and Inclusive Internationalization,  a joint initiative of World Education Services (WES) and the Center for International Higher Education  (CIHE) at Boston College. The 2019 Summer Institute is the second one jointly organized by the two partners, af-ter two previous joint successful seminars in 2016 and 2017, and this is the second publication with pa-pers of the participating scholars and students in the CIHE Perspectives Series. The institute draws its inspiration from the in-creasing importance of internationalization in high-er education, with all of its attendant challenges and opportunities. A primary challenge facing interna-tional education is its fundamental exclusiveness, given the financial demands of the majority of inter-national activity. The inequity created by this exclu-siveness calls for a revised, more innovative and inclusive approach to internationalization. The Summer Institute is a platform for students, young professionals, scholars and practitioners to discuss ways to make this happen. In particular, the Insti-tute aims to contribute to the development of a new generation of international education scholars/prac-titioners, who can bring new ideas, concepts, strate-gies, and initiatives to the forefront.In total, just over 70 people attended the 2019 Summer Institute (which took place June 19-21, 2019 at Boston College), the majority of which were PhD and Master students from all over the world, including Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, Hondu-ras, India, Israel, the Netherlands, Turkey, Ukraine, United Kingdom, and with a diverse international and intercultural representation from all over the United States of America. The program also includ-ed a rich diversity of senior scholar and practitioner perspectives, represented via a number of keynotes and expert panels. Through the generosity of WES, each student presenter was provided with funding to cover the registration fee, travel expenses and/or ac-commodation for the event, a financial support which substantially enabled our ability to attract a diverse range of attendees. This publication (CIHE Perspectives no. 14) in-cludes a total of 29 essays by 31 Institute partici-pants. Of these, 29 are student participants, most of whom have based their essays on their ongoing re-search (some complete and some still in the plan-ning phases). The additional two authors, both visiting scholars at CIHE in 2018-19, have submit-ted essays based on their expert panel contributions. The collective results of the research outlined in this publication provide meaningful insight into the in-ternationalization of higher education as perceived and studied by the next generation. It also provides insight into the diverse dimensions, regional per-spectives and approaches to internationalize higher education. We must close with a number of important thank yous. Most importantly, CIHE thanks WES for its financial support for the Summer Institute and for making this publication possible. WES and CIHE jointly want to thank the pool of senior schol-ars who spoke at this year’s Summer Institute for their valuable contributions: Philip Altbach (CIHE, Boston), Craig Whitsed (Curtin University) and Bet-ty Leask (La Trobe University/CIHE) from Australia, Elspeth Jones (Emerita professor Leeds Becket Uni-versity, UK), Hakan Ergin (Fulbright scholar at CIHE, Turkey), Fernanda Leal (visiting scholar at CIHE, Brazil), Laura Rumbley (European Associa-tion for International Education, the Netherlands), Makala Skinner (WES New York) and Bernhard St-reitwieser (George Washington University, Wash-ington DC). We also would like to thank Ravi Ammigan (University of Delaware), and Nick Gozik (Boston College) for sharing their practitioner in- Political Dimensions of Internationalization 39 The Impact of Geopolitical Trends on US Higher Education Partnerships with Cross-border Educational Institutions Dan Ferguson 41 Internationalization, Access and Higher Education: Challenges and Opportunities for Israeli Universities Annette Bamberger  44 Internationalization and Global Engagement of Hong Kong and Macau Universities: Under the Impact of the One Belt One Road Initiative Sanfeng Miao 47 The Language of Higher Education Internationalization in Japan: Development of “Global Citizens” or “Global Human Resources”? Thatcher Spero Inclusivity in a Time of ‘Forced’ Internationalization 50 The Refugee Crisis and the Need for Intercultural Dialogue Ann-Cathrin Spees 52 Refugee Studies are Too Focused on Developed Countries Hakan Ergin 54 Barriers for Venezuelan Refugees Accessing Higher Education in Colombia Hannah Cazzetta Focus on the Global South 57 How Can We Make Higher Education in Africa More Innovative and Inclusive? Jean-Baptiste Diatta 60 The Role of the Diaspora in the Development and Internationalization of Higher Education in Africa: A Case Study of Nigeria Diana Famakinwa 63 African Student Mobility: The Case of the TRNC Brea Talsness 66 Inclusive Internationalization in India: An Assessment Antara Sengupta 69 Quality Assurance in the Internationalization of Afghan Higher Education: Challenges and Opportunities Wolayat Tabasum Spotlight on the Student Experience 71 In Between: A Case Study of Individuals’ Graduate Employability in a Transnational Institution in Mainland China Shan He 74 “Intercultural Bridge”: Internationalized Extracurricular Activities with Students Anna Verbytska 76 The Barriers for Chinese International Students Seeking Mental Health Counseling and Collaboration Initiative Between Student Affairs with Mental Health Counselors Shasha Cui 79 Developing Civic and Career Global Competences with Identity Negotiation During Studying Abroad Linli Zhou and Crystal Green  32 INCLUSIVE   AND   INNOVATIVE   INTERNATIONALIZATION   CENTER   FOR   INTERNATIONAL   HIGHER   EDUCATION  | PERSPECTIVES   NO . 14 to society”   (de Wit, 2019). Rising Voices The remainder of the institute heavily emphasized emerging voices in the field of international higher education, with attendees being treated to thirty-one two-minute thesis presentations from master stu-dents, doctoral students and early-career profession-als. The quickfire presentations were organized by theme and region, so that synergies could be more easily identified. As a result, a number of attendees were able to identify important connections between their work and that of their peers, such as when Ayenachew Woldegiyorgis of Boston College and Di-ana Famakinwa of the University of Wisconsin-Mad-ison discovered similarities in their independent explorations of the role of the diaspora within the internationalization of higher education in Ethiopia and Nigeria, respectively. Perhaps as a result of the focus on emerging voices in the field, the diversity of topics covered in the panels was refreshing, with presentations that covered oft-neglected regions (e.g. the TNRC), topics (e.g. the internationalization of student affairs) and populations (e.g. students at community colleges). Established Voices At the same time, attendees had the opportunity to hear from some of the most established scholars in the field. Keynote speakers Betty Leask, Emerita Pro-fessor at La Trobe University and Visiting Professor at CIHE, and Craig Whitsed, Senior Lecturer at Cur- F rom June 19th-21st, 2019, graduate students and young professionals from across the globe con-verged upon Chestnut Hill, MA, for the 2019 WES-CIHE Summer Institute, an annual collabora-tive effort of World Education Services (WES) and Boston College’s Center for International Higher Education (CIHE). Over the course of the three-day summit, conference attendees engaged in discus-sions, shared research, and celebrated their shared passion for increasing inclusivity and innovation in international higher education. Intentionally Inclusive Professor Hans de Wit of Boston College (Director of the CIHE) opened the conference by presenting a keynote centered on the evolution of the concept of inclusive and innovative internationalization. In his address, Professor de Wit argued that the concept of internationalization involves four critical dimen-sions: quality and internationalization, university social responsibility, strategic partnerships, and global learning for all (a concept that consists of in-ternationalization at home as well as international-ization abroad). He also used his presentation to share an update to his previously published defini-tion of “internationalization of higher education” (updated text is italicized): “The intentional   process of integrating an international, intercultural, or global dimension into the purpose, functions and delivery of post-secondary education, in order to en-hance the quality of education and research for all stu-dents and staff and to make a meaningful contribution sights—and for the students/authors for their contri-butions to this publication. CIHE would also like to thank Antonnet Botha and Silje Immerstein of WES for their hard work to make both the Summer Institute and this publication a success, Tessa DeLaquil, doctoral student and grad-uate assistant at CIHE, for the final text editing, and Salina Kopellas, Staff Assistant at CIHE, for the lay-out and design work. We look forward to the next iteration of the WES-CIHE Summer Institute, June 10-12, 2020, at Boston College. Building on the previous institutes, special attention will be given to the contribution of higher education to skilled immigration and refugees in next year’s event. Esther Benjamin CEO World Education Services New York Hans de Wit Associate DirectorBoston College Center for International Higher Education Rebecca Schendel Associate DirectorBoston College Center for International Higher Education October 2019 Overview of the 2019 WES-CIHE Summer Institute Natalie Borg Natalie Borg, M.Ed., is a Doctoral Candidate, Research Assistant, and Teaching Fellow of Higher Education at Boston College. E-mail: OVERVIEW
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