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Directions of change in Southland English (r)

Southland English has historically been New Zealand’s only (partially) rhotic variety. There has only been one large-scale study of Southland (r), which suggested a resurgence of rhoticity following NURSE among young women (Bartlett 2002). We build
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  Directions of change in Southland English (r) Dan Villarreal, Lynn Clark, Jen Hay, Kevin Watson  The Southland accent   ▪ The existence of post-vocalic /r/ is the main contemporary feature of SE. ▪ “ the only regional difference universally acknowledged by both linguists and the public is the occurrence of postvocalic / r / in Southland and part of Otago” (Bell & Holmes 1991:155) ▪ We don’t know much at all about the development and trajectory of rhoticity in Southland ▪ remarkable that this well-known dialectal feature of NZE has not received a more detailed analysis before now  What we think we know about rhoticity in Southland already (Bartlett 2002) 21597 hand-coded tokens of post-vocalic /r/ in conversation and word-list style  What we think we know about rhoticity in Southland already (Bartlett 2002) Post-vocalic /r/ -Disappearing from the speech of Southlanders-led by young, urban, females? -increasing among younger speakers-used most by younger rural males* * “the data from the Invercargill urban area suggest that rhoticity is actually increasing amongst younger speakers there, particularly young females, irrespective of their socioeconomic status. The increase is almost entirely attributable to the rhotic  stressed NURSE vowel” (Bartlett 2002: 118) Post-vocalic /r/ following stressed NURSE vowelsPost-vocalic /r/ following other vowels
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