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Figurative language and static depictions : eye movement study

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1. Introduction Experiment part Conclusion The integration of figurative language and static depictions: An eye movement study of fictive motion (Richardson, D. and…
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  • 1. Introduction Experiment part Conclusion The integration of figurative language and static depictions: An eye movement study of fictive motion (Richardson, D. and Matlock, T. 2007) Danish Nadeem Seminar Language and Embodiment SS07, 12 June, 2007 Danish Nadeem Simulation III Figurative Language
  • 2. Introduction Research Motivation Experiment part Approach Conclusion Outline of talk 1 Introduction Research Motivation Approach 2 Experiment part Hypothesis Method Results 3 Conclusion Discussion Danish Nadeem Simulation III Figurative Language
  • 3. Introduction Research Motivation Experiment part Approach Conclusion Research Motivation How figurative language affects the process through which we perceive the world ? How do visual and verbal processes interact ? How scene would be perceived when described by literal and figurative language ? Assumption is that differences in "eye movement patterns" could tell us about the distinct mental representation due to figurative language and the integration of visual and verbal processing. Danish Nadeem Simulation III Figurative Language
  • 4. Introduction Research Motivation Experiment part Approach Conclusion Research Motivation How figurative language affects the process through which we perceive the world ? How do visual and verbal processes interact ? How scene would be perceived when described by literal and figurative language ? Assumption is that differences in "eye movement patterns" could tell us about the distinct mental representation due to figurative language and the integration of visual and verbal processing. Danish Nadeem Simulation III Figurative Language
  • 5. Introduction Research Motivation Experiment part Approach Conclusion Research Motivation How figurative language affects the process through which we perceive the world ? How do visual and verbal processes interact ? How scene would be perceived when described by literal and figurative language ? Assumption is that differences in "eye movement patterns" could tell us about the distinct mental representation due to figurative language and the integration of visual and verbal processing. Danish Nadeem Simulation III Figurative Language
  • 6. Introduction Research Motivation Experiment part Approach Conclusion Research Motivation How figurative language affects the process through which we perceive the world ? How do visual and verbal processes interact ? How scene would be perceived when described by literal and figurative language ? Assumption is that differences in "eye movement patterns" could tell us about the distinct mental representation due to figurative language and the integration of visual and verbal processing. Danish Nadeem Simulation III Figurative Language
  • 7. Introduction Research Motivation Experiment part Approach Conclusion Approach Figurative spatial descriptions (aka FM sentences) and their "semantically" equivalent non-FM sentences were choosen: Fictive Motion (FM) sentences 1a: The road goes through the desert 1b: The fence follows the coastline Non-FM sentences 2a: The road is in the desert 2b: The fence is next to the coastline Danish Nadeem Simulation III Figurative Language
  • 8. Introduction Hypothesis Experiment part Method Conclusion Results Hypothesis Study showed that eye movements correspond to the spatial content in the stories (Spivey et al. 2000) for instance: vertical eye movement when hearing about "someone repelling down a canyon wall" horizontal eye movement when hearing about "a train pulling out of station" The underlying hypothesis is that FM descriptions would activate representations of motion, which implies: longer looking times to the path (gaze) sequences of eye movements that correspond to motion Danish Nadeem Simulation III Figurative Language
  • 9. Introduction Hypothesis Experiment part Method Conclusion Results Method participants: 63 Stanford psychology students with normal vision stimuli: visual stimuli consisted of 32 pictures of spatial scenes. verbal stimuli consisted of 64 sentences recorded in 16 block of 4 sentences each. Experimental trial: Difficult/Easy + FM/Non-FM Difficult + FM: "The desert is hilly" + Road goes through the desert (FM). Difficult + Non-FM: "The desert is hilly" + Road is in the desert (non-FM). Danish Nadeem Simulation III Figurative Language
  • 10. Introduction Hypothesis Experiment part Method Conclusion Results Results Eye movement data were categorized into two dependent variables: the total looking time (gaze) the frequency of path scanning fixations Figure: Total looking time and frequency of path scanning fixations Danish Nadeem Simulation III Figurative Language
  • 11. Introduction Experiment part Discussion Conclusion Discussion Comparision of literal and figurative spatial descriptions of the same scene. Figurative descriptions evoke distinct spatial representation, unlike literal ones. Inspection times and eye movements scanning along the path increased during FM descriptions. Eye movements were affected because FM language evokes a dynamic mental simulation which interacts with the ways in which visual system interprets the world. Danish Nadeem Simulation III Figurative Language
  • 12. Introduction Experiment part Discussion Conclusion Discussion Comparision of literal and figurative spatial descriptions of the same scene. Figurative descriptions evoke distinct spatial representation, unlike literal ones. Inspection times and eye movements scanning along the path increased during FM descriptions. Eye movements were affected because FM language evokes a dynamic mental simulation which interacts with the ways in which visual system interprets the world. Danish Nadeem Simulation III Figurative Language
  • 13. Introduction Experiment part Discussion Conclusion Discussion Comparision of literal and figurative spatial descriptions of the same scene. Figurative descriptions evoke distinct spatial representation, unlike literal ones. Inspection times and eye movements scanning along the path increased during FM descriptions. Eye movements were affected because FM language evokes a dynamic mental simulation which interacts with the ways in which visual system interprets the world. Danish Nadeem Simulation III Figurative Language
  • 14. Introduction Experiment part Discussion Conclusion Discussion Comparision of literal and figurative spatial descriptions of the same scene. Figurative descriptions evoke distinct spatial representation, unlike literal ones. Inspection times and eye movements scanning along the path increased during FM descriptions. Eye movements were affected because FM language evokes a dynamic mental simulation which interacts with the ways in which visual system interprets the world. Danish Nadeem Simulation III Figurative Language
  • 15. Introduction Experiment part Discussion Conclusion Thank you for your attention ! Danish Nadeem Simulation III Figurative Language
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