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  For other uses, see India (disambiguation).Republic of IndiaBhārat GanarājyaFlagEmblemMotto: Satyameva Jayate (Sanskrit) Truth Alone Triumphs [1]Anthem: Jana Gana Mana Thou art the rulers of the minds of all people [2][3]National song:Vande Mataram I Bow to Thee, Mother [a][1][3]Area controlled by India shown in dark green;claimed but uncontrolled regions shown in light green.CapitalNew Delhi28°36.8¢N 77°12.5¢ELargest cityMumbaiOfficial languagesHindi EnglishHindi in the Devanagari script is the official language of the Union. English is an additional co-official language for Government work.[1][4]Recognised regional languages8th ScheduleAssameseBengaliBodoDogriGujaratiHindiKannadaKashmiriKonkaniMaithiliMalayalamManipuriMarathiNepaliOriyaPunjabiSanskritSantaliSindhiTamilTeluguUrdu[5]National languageNoneDemonymIndianGovernmentFederal parliamentaryconstitutional republic[1] - PresidentPranab Mukherjee - Vice PresidentMohammad Hamid Ansari - Prime MinisterNarendra Modi (BJP) - Chief JusticeH. L. Dattu[6] - Speaker of the HouseSumitra Mahajan (BJP)LegislatureParliament of India - Upper houseRajya Sabha - Lower houseLok SabhaIndependence from the United Kingdom - Dominion15 August 1947   - Republic26 January 1950 Area - Total3,287,590[7] km2[b] (7th)1,269,346 sq mi - Water (%)9.6Population - 2011 census1,210,193,422[8] (2nd) - Density380.1/km2 (31st)984.4/sq miGDP (PPP)2014 estimate - Total$7.277 trillion[9] (3rd) - Per capita$5,777[9] (133rd)GDP (nominal)2014 estimate - Total$2.047 trillion [9] (10th) - Per capita$1,625[9] (143rd)Gini (2010)33.9[10]medium · 79thHDI (2013) 0.586[11]medium · 135thCurrencyIndian rupee () (INR)Time zoneIST (UTC+05:30) - Summer (DST)not observed (UTC+05:30)Date formatdd-mm-yyyy (CE)Drives on theleftCalling code+91ISO 3166 codeINInternet TLD.inother TLDs.  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .India (i/ˈɪndiə/), officially the Republic of India (Bhārat Ganarājya),[12][c] is a country in South Asia. It is the seventh-largest country by area, the second-most populous country with over 1.2 billion people, and the most populous democracy in the world. Bounded by the Indian Ocean on the south, the Arabian Sea on the south-west, and the Bay of Bengal on the south-east, it shares land borders with Pakistan to the west;[d] China, Nepal, and Bhutan to the north-east; and Burma and Bangladesh to the east. In the Indian Ocean, India is in the vicinity of Sri Lanka and the Maldives; in addition, India's Andaman and Nicobar Islands share a maritime border with Thailand and Indonesia.Home to the ancient Indus Valley Civilisation and a region of historic trade routes and vast empires, the Indian subcontinent was identified with its commercial and cultural wealth for much of its long history.[13] Four world religionsÐHinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, and SikhismÐsrcinated here, whereas Judaism, Zoroastrianism, Christianity, and Islam arrived in the 1st millennium CE and also helped shape the region's diverse culture. Gradually annexed by and brought under the administration of the British East India Company from the early 18th century and administered directly by the United Kingdom from the mid-19th century, India became an independent nation in 1947 after a struggle for independence that was marked by non-violent resistance led by Mahatma Gandhi.The Indian economy is the world's tenth-largest by nominal GDP and third-largest by purchasing power parity (PPP).[14] Following market-based economic reforms i  n 1991, India became one of the fastest-growing major economies; it is considered a newly industrialised country. However, it continues to face the challenges of poverty, corruption, malnutrition, inadequate public healthcare, and terrorism. A nuclear weapons state and a regional power, it has the third-largest standing army in the world and ranks ninth in m
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