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From Hegemony to History: Disclosing The Power Relation in The Writing of G30S History Materials

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This study aimed to: first, try to disclose the hegemony and domination of the schools history books reconstruction. Second, seek to requestion the historical truth claims which fundamentally being hegemonized in the History schools textbook. Third,
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  FROM HEGEMONY TO HISTORY: DISCLOSING THE POWER RELATION IN THE WRITING OF G30S HISTORY MATERIALS Fileksius Gulo History Education Sanata Dharma University, Yogyakarta fileksiusgulo@gmail.com  Abstract This study aimed to: first, try to disclose the hegemony and domination of the schools history books reconstruction. Second, seek to requestion the historical truth claims which fundamentally being hegemonized in the History schools textbook. Third, try to elaborate the bond of the symbolic power from the theories of the G30S history namely, G30S/PKI theory by Nugroho Notosusanto and Ismail Saleh; G30S/AD theory by Ben Anderson and Ruth McVey; G30S/Sukarno theory by Antonie C. A. Dake; G30S/CIA theory by Peter Dale Scott; G30S/Suharto theory by W. F. Wertheim; G30S/Chaos theory by John D. Legge; and G30S/Sjam theory by John Roosa. This study employed the factual historical method with the history educational research methodology which consisted of: theme selection, data gathering (heuristics), data verification (the internal and external critics), data analysis (interpretation), and the research report writing (historiography). The approach in this research methodology highlighted on the discourse-historical approach (DHA). The research result tried to elaborate the hidden ideology and power relation from the past “  history as the construction and reconstruction” which were the interpretation and invention of the historians themselves. In other words this research tried to break in the political practice behind the academic works of G30S Historics materials writing. Key word: Hegemony, contoversial history, G30S  DARI HEGEMONI SAMPAI KE HISTORI: MEMBONGKAR RELASI KUASA DALAM PENULISAN MATERI SEJARAH G30S Fileksius Gulo Pendidikan Sejarah Universitas Sanata Dharma Yogyakarta fileksiusgulo@gmail.com  Abstrak Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk: pertama, berupaya membongkar dominasi dan hegemoni dari “rekonstruksi” materi sejarah G30S dalam buku paket sejarah di sekolah. Kedua, berupaya untuk mempertanyakan kembali klaim-klaim kebenaran historis yang terhegemoni dalam buku teks sejarah di sekolah secara fundamental. Ketiga, berupaya menguraikan pertautan kuasa simbolik ( symbolic power  ) dari teori-teori sejarah G30S yakni teori G30S/PKI (Nugroho Notosusanto dan Ismail Saleh); teori G30S/AD (Ben Anderson dan Ruth McVey); teori G30S/Sukarno (Antonie C. A Dake); teori G30S/CIA (Peter Dale Scott); teori G30S/Suharto (W. F. Wertheim); teori G30S/Chaos (John D. Legge); dan G30S/teori Sjam (John Roosa). Penelitian ini menggunakan metode historis faktual dengan metodologi penelitian pendidikan sejarah yang terdiri dari tahap-tahap: pemilihan topik, pengumpulan data (heuristik), verifikasi data (kritik internal dan kritik eksternal), analisis data (interpretasi) dan penulisan laporan penelitian (historiografi). Pendekatan dalam metodologi penelitian ini menekankan pada Discourse-Historical Approach  (DHA). Hasil penelitian ini berupaya menguraikan persembunyian ideologi dan relasi kuasa dari “sejarah sebagai konstruksi dan rekonstruksi” masa lalu yang merupakan ciptaan dan interpretasi dari sejarawan itu sendiri. Dengan istilah lain, penelitian ini berupaya membongkar praktik politik dibalik kerja-kerja akademik penulisan materi sejarah G30S. Kata kunci: Hegemoni, Sejarah Kontroversial, G30S
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