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Globalization, Cultural Transformation and Export Oriented Policy in Developing Countries

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Globalization is a concept which is used to describe a series of fundamental interrelated changes at the global level. This phenomenon, on the one hand, has led to the compression and getting close of different areas of human life and the collapse of
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    Biannual Journal of International Political Economy Studies   Vol. 2 / Issue 1 / Autumn 2018 and Winter 2019 Globalization, Cultural Transformation and Export Oriented Policy in Developing Countries   Saman Fazeli 1    –   Mohammad Saeed Namdari Moghadam 2  Meghdad Ganji 3    –   Marzieh Karimi 4   Abstract6  Globalization is a concept which is used to describe a series of fundamental interrelated changes at the global level. This phenomenon, on the one hand, has led to the compression and getting close of different areas of human life and the collapse of previous boundaries in all domains, and followed by the influence of different political, economic and cultural sections on each other in the global arena, on the other hand. Today, becaause of the revolution in information and communication technology, the effects of globalization in the cultural sector, especially in developing countries, have become more evident, so tht It has led to the formation of a consumerist, individualist and selective culture at the global level. This new culture, in turn, has affected other areas, including politics and economics, and their confluence, economic policy of governments. Accordingly, the purpose of this paper is to attempt to understand these cultural developments and its implications for the economic  policy of the governments, especially in developing countries. The main question of the research is, what is the relationship between the cultural transformation caused by the globalization and economic policy of the governments in developing countries? In response to this question, the hypothesis is that the cultural transformation resulting from globalization by  bringing up new demands and requirements, would lead the economic policy of the state towards market-oriented and extrovert economics patterns, in order Coordination with those developments and responding to new demands and requirements. This pattern is export oriented strategy for developing countries. In this paper, the method of research is descriptive-analytic and the library method has been used for collecting data. Keywords:  Globalization, Cultural Transformation, Consumerism, Economic Policy, Export oriented policy.   1. Ph.D student of International Relations, Dpt. Law and Political Science, Allameh Tabatabai University, Tehran. Corresponding Author (samanfazeli43@yahoo.com) 2. M. A student of Political Science, Razi University. 3. M. A student of International Relations, Razi University. 4. M. A student of International Relations, University of Guilan.    ض   ن 1   -     يرا       3   -     دا 2 -  ك   ض 5   0 چ جاكاصراج      رد         ط   كور . اهپافددص زاپوزپدزادراذأ داردج   ص   دادا . هزواأارواترااجدو ردركدااك « اد » دجا . اج  دصاجازآراذداود رأادادا . اساادجا پآاراذداد   ودركد ا . ائصاوپااكچاج يراذداوددركدجودراددپاپا ضكاجن ج   يز   و   ت   ح   ار   ود   يدا   يراذارازواظآ تپزجدادا . اااركد اراردص . داص   وپ   شور - يا   و   هد   هداد   يروآداوركاداا .   يك   نژاو : اردص      يدا   يراذ   ا   ف      ل   ن   ج .   1. ادكد   اورا      هاد .  : ل (samanfazeli43@yahoo.com) . ادرك   آ   م   راار   هاد .4. ادرك   آ   اور   رااار   هاد .3. ادرك   آ   اور   راا   هاد . ر : رد 04/0/146 ر : 1/03/146   اجنشف   ل   وسات رداص   هعسارک   رداحردس   هرـ   مود   هرود 1 نز   و   ـپ  129       دا   ت   ودا    ب   ساس   داق تاعاطم   همافود مود   هرود / هر 1/ نز   و   پ 129 126  هزواژاو «  » يادااد يزور . اهزورژاوا -   را ... و      زا   و      ق   ع   ير . دكئاازدي يادديزاا . تا ديدااروا رداريدآ « آ » ادک            ن « ك ». ادارااارايراا ورداياارآاد يزداآ . وري  « د » د . دسادااآاركاا ( ك ) اايزررااا  . كييادااز اآ . شااادريا ركاايز - وكراككيك ردآزكآ . داو رياكرري زيايزياياااازآي نآرا . دز   داودنيروددا ادزدادا (  1463:.) ازيزاار را . ددا « ود » رايايود . ااد ردايايودراداد . اا    اجنشف   ل   وسات رداص   هعسدرکعس   لاحرد   مود   هرود / هر 1/ نز   و   پ 129   121 فتازيدازآاي يدادكيوردد زادزاريي شاودراراداد . ا   داري «  » اكا ككدو . كدرا رازازآدزدااكددزدز كدزارا . دكئاراكييا اواكياياوو (  1467:40.) ادردااوراك (  ) اآ . درادداواواايي ركردي . ادواودااي دايرر ( يي دايو ) ازدانآو دادرا .    وريايورديودردركي - ا   ه . دركيداياي دراايايودداريد  اوكا ( دا 144.) دوروردا  « ادراو » وردكازادكد داي . داايايودد ركياور   يا ررازدياواد  . ركدي  « ارد » ورازكر شراايجركرري - يديتادراواا يركيردي .     ب   ساس   داق تاعاطم   همافود مود   هرود / هر 1/ نز   و   پ 129 123 رداداارا قودايايدركيدرر را . ا      ا   دا   زا      ر         ن   و      هز   رداد . اكرآد «  » رزاد . ارر رادر «  » دزاددك   ر كادااا    دزرا . د « ركد » ردز داترزآزرك . اادكركدا ااردزك ه    . كواد « تراك » اد ر   اركداا . راا اااراو صرركداا . ااكركار زاد .  ادد « درادد » رارداازاد . ادداودد . دد اكار  . ورادد ائرا . اد «  » كواارورا ا . اددار
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