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HIGH COURT OF INDIA.pdf

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  HIGH COURT OF INDIA  INTRODUCTION  Though the constitution of India provides for single Judicial system, yet provisions are made of separate courts for each state. High court is the highest court in the state and Art-214 to 231 of the constitution describe the organisation and powers of high courts. Art-214 of the constitution provides that, ― There shall be a High Court for each state” Art  -231 further provides that , “Parliament may by law establish a common High court  for two or more states and a union territory.” At present  for example there is a common High court for the states of punjab, Haryana and Union Territory of Chandigarh. Similarly. There is Common High court for  Assam, Nagaland, Manipur, Meghalaya, Tripura and  Mijoram.      NUMBER OF JUDGES: The number of the judges of the high court has not  been fixed by the constitution, but it has been left to the discretion of the President.  APPOINTMENT OF THE JUDGES: Appointed by President in consultation with the Chief Justice of India and Governor of the concerned state and the other juduges of high court in consultation with Chief Justice of India, the Chief Justice of High court concernrd and Governor of the State concerned. * APPOINTMENT OF ADDITIONAL JUDGES: The President may take the appoinments of the additional judges in the event of vaPcancies arising on account of the long absence of the Juduges, death, due to illeness or long leave. * PROVISION TO CALL BACK RETIRED JUDGES: With the prior consent of the president.   QUALIFICATION OF THE JUDGES: (1) He must be citizen of India. (2) Must have held a judicial office for 10 years in the territory of India. (3) Must have been an advocate for at least 10 years in one or more High court. *TENURE OF THE JUDUGES:62 years. *SALARY AND ALLOWANCES: Chief Justice-Rs. 90,000 and other judges-Rs. 80,000  with other facilities also. *TRANSFER OF THE JUDUGES OF THE HIGH COURT: Art-222 of the constitution empowers to transfer the judges of High Court anywhere within the territory of India. *REMOVAL FROM OFFICE: May be removed from the office by the President, after an address is presented to him by the parliament passed in each House by a majority of its total membership and 2/3 majority of its members present and voting. *OATH OF OFFICE: Acc to Art-219, The Governor of the state concerned or any other official appointment by him, administers the oath of the to the Chief Justice of High Court .
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