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History 731 Violence in the Early Modern World Fall/winter 2010/11

Virginia H. Aksan CNH 602 OH Tuesdays & by appointment History 731 Violence in the Early Modern World Fall/winter 2010/11 This course will explore recent work on the nature and
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Virginia H. Aksan CNH 602 OH Tuesdays & by appointment History 731 Violence in the Early Modern World Fall/winter 2010/11 This course will explore recent work on the nature and causes of violence in the early modern world, which in our case extends roughly from The main territorial focus will be an expanded Europe, which includes the Ottoman Empire and Russia. The term will be devoted to a number of themes: the question of historians & violence; justifications for religious violence; violence & the emerging state, and individual & communal violence. The subject is vast, but it is my hope that we can come to some understanding of the various ways historians confront and represent violence in their work. Each student is responsible for the required readings and for participating in the weekly discussion. It is my expectation that students will acquire a mastery of some theoretical concepts and historical evidence, take charge of their own intellectual development of the subject at hand, and engage seriously in the rigors of research and discussion. Students will prepare a 1000 word summary (précis) on each set of readings for the seminars (10 in total). The intent of the précis is for students to respond to the readings with a series of statements or questions which will serve as the focus of discussion. Summaries are due are the end of every class. While there is no penalty for late work, no summaries will be accepted after the last class. In lieu of an essay, the course will have a final exam. PhD students who wish to take this course as a minor field will be asked to compile a historiography on their choice of topic in consultation with the professor ( words; pages) Textbook: Julius R. Ruff, Violence in Early Modern Europe (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2001; reprint 2004) (available in Titles Bookstore) Assessment: summaries (ten in total, to be turned in at the end of each session) 40% discussion 30% final exam Dec. 7 30% A Note on Evaluation: Attendance at meetings is mandatory. Students should retain a photocopy of any written work. Graduate students are expected to be well acquainted with the subject under discussion. Overall performance which demonstrates firm knowledge of the required literature and sources, but no intellectual spark, will be in the high B range. Work of A 1 caliber requires diligence, maturity, articulate oral and written communication, and originality. The McMaster History Dept. takes structure, style and fluidity of presentation seriously. Lack of attention to those aspects of the process has an immediate impact on the final mark. Avenue to Learn In this course we will be using Avenue to Learn. Students should be aware that, when they access the electronic components of this course, private information such as first and last names, user names for the McMaster accounts, and program affiliation may become apparent to all other students in the same course. The available information is dependent on the technology used. Continuation in this course will be deemed consent to this disclosure. If you have any questions or concerns about such disclosure please discuss this with the course instructor. Academic Integrity and Dishonesty Academic dishonesty consists of misrepresenting by deception or by other fraudulent means and can result in serious consequences, e.g. the grade of zero on an assignment, loss of credit with a notation on the transcript (notation reads: Grade of F assigned for academic dishonesty ), and/or suspension or expulsion from the university. Graduate Students are expected to know what constitutes plagiarism, and are not given any leniency on a first offense. See: It is your responsibility to understand what constitutes academic dishonesty. For information on the various kinds of academic dishonesty please refer to the Academic Integrity Policy located at: The following illustrates only three of the various forms of academic dishonesty: 1. Plagiarism, e.g. the submission of work that is not one's own or for which other credit has been obtained. 2. Improper collaboration in group work. 3. Copying or using unauthorized aids in tests and examinations. Schedule of Seminars and Readings (readings beyond the textbook should be available on our course website on Avenue to Learn, but many will also be available in jstor and equivalents) September 14: Introduction & definitions 2 September 21: Historians & Violence Julius R. Ruff, Violence in Early Modern Europe (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2001; reprint 2004), Timothy Brook, Violence as Historical Time (McMaster Institute on Globalization and the Human Condition, 2004) 12 pp. Neil L. Whitehead, Violence & the Cultural Order, Daedalus (winter 2007): Steven A.LeBlanc, Why Warfare? Daedalus (winter 2007): September 28: Justifying Violence & Its Limits James Turner Johnson, Historical Roots and Sources of the Just War Tradition in Western Culture, 3-30 and Fred Donner, The Sources of Islamic Conceptions of War, 31-69, both in John Kelsay and James Turner Johnson, eds. Just War and Jihad: Historical and Theoretical Perspectives on War and Peace in Western and Islamic Traditions (New York: Greenwood Press, 1991) R. Joseph Hoffmann, Just War and Jihad: Positioning the Question, 47-62, in R. Joseph Hoffmann, ed. The Just War and Jihad: Violence in Judaism, Christianity and Islam (New York: Prometheus Books, 2006). Matthew Bennett, Legality, Legitimacy in War and its Conduct, , , and D. J. H. Trim, Conflict, Religion and Ideology, 78-99, both in Frank Tallett & D. J. B. Trim, eds. European Warfare (Cambridge: CUP, 2010). October 5: Religion and Violence Michael C. Horowitz, Long Time Going: Religion and the Duration of the Crusading, International Security 34:2 (2009): Dalia M. Leonardo, Cut Off This Rotten Member: The Rhetoric of Heresy, Sin and Disease in the Ideology of the French Catholic League, Catholic Historical Review 88:2 (2002): Helen Vella Bonavita, Key to Christendom: The 1565 Siege of Malta, its Histories, and Their Use in Reformation Polemic, The Sixteenth Century Journal 33:4 (2002): Thomas S. Kidd, Is It Worse to Follow Mahomet than the Devil? Early American Uses of Islam, Church History 72:4 (Dec. 2003): October 12: Violence and the Emerging State: Armies Ruff, Violence in Early Modern Europe, David Parrott, War, State and Society in Western Europe, , and 3 Gábor Ágoston, Empires and Warfare on East-Central Europe, : the Ottoman-Habsburg Rivalry and Military Transformation, Both of the above in Frank Tallett & D. J. B. Trim, eds. European Warfare (Cambridge: CUP, 2010). Barton C. Hacker, Women and Military Institutions in Early Modern Europe: A Reconnaissance, Signs 6:4 (Summer, 1981): October 19: Warfare, Piracy and Slavery Géza Palffy, Ransom Slavery along the Ottoman-Hungarian Frontier in the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries, 35-84, in Géza David and Pál Fodor, eds., Ransom Slavery Along the Ottoman Borders (Early Fifteenth to Early Eighteenth Centuries) (Leiden: Brill, 2007). Pál Fodor, Maltese Pirates, Ottoman Captives and French Traders in the Early Seventeenth-Century Mediterranean, , in David and Fodor, eds., Ransom Slavery. Robert C. Davis, Counting European Slaves on the Barbary Coast, Past and Present 172 (2002): Brian J. Boeck, When Peter I Was Forced to Settle for Less: Coerced Labor and Resistance in a Failed Russian Colony ( ), Journal of Modern History 80 (2008): October 19: Violence, Individuals & Law Ruff, Violence in Early Modern Europe, Grehan, James. The Mysterious Power of Words: Language, Law, and Culture in Ottoman Damascus (17th-18th centuries), Journal of Social History 37.4 (Summer 2004): Robert B. Shoemaker, Robert B. The Decline of Public Insult in London , Past & Present, 169 (Nov. 2000): Jessica Warner, Gerhard Gmel and Kathryn Marie Graham, A Time-Series Analysis of War and Levels of Interpersonal Violence in an English Military Town, , Social Science History 31:4 (Winter 2007): November 2: Interpersonal Violence, cont. Ruff, Violence in Early Modern Europe, Julie Hardwick, Early Modern Perspectives on the Long History of Domestic Violence: The Case of Seventeenth-Century France, Journal of Modern History 78 (March 2006): Lacour, Eva, Faces of Violence Revisited. A Typology of Violence in Early Modern Rural Germany, Journal of Social History 34:3 (Spring, 2001): Robert B. Shoemaker, The Taming of the Duel: Masculinity, Honour and Ritual Violence in London, , Historical Journal 45:3 (2002): November 9: Communal Violence - Protest Ruff, Violence in Early Modern Europe, James Grehan, Street Violence and Social Imagination in Late-Mamluk and Ottoman Damascus, International Journal of Middle Eastern Studies 35 (2003): Rudolf N. Dekker, Women in Revolt: Popular Protest and Its Social Basis in Holland in the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries Theory and Society 16:3 (May, 1987): William Beik, The Culture of Protest in Seventeenth-Century French Towns, Social History 15:1 (January 1990):1-23. November 16 No Class November 23: Communal violence Banditry, Mafias Ruff, Violence in Early Modern Europe, Thomas V. Cohen, Three Forms of Jeopardy: Honor, Pain, and Truth-Telling in a Sixteenth-Century Italian Courtroom, The Sixteenth Century Journal 29: 4 (Winter, 1998): Graham Seal, The Robin Hood Principle: Folklore, History, and the Social Bandit, Journal of Folklore Research 46: (January-April 2009): pp Dennis N. Skiotis, From Bandit to Pasha: First Steps in the Rise to Power of Ali of Tepelen, International Journal of Middle East Studies 2:3 (July 1971): November 30: Violence and Historians Once Again Ruff, Violence in Early Modern Europe, Eric Dunning, Violence and Violence-Control in Long-Term Perspective: Testing Elias in Relation to War, Genocide, Crime, Punishment and Sport, in S. Body-Gendrot & P. Spierenberg, eds. Violence in Europe (Springer-Verlag, 2008) (e-book) Rachel Hope Cleves, On Writing the History of Violence, Journal of the Early Republic 24:4 (Winter, 2004): December 7: Final Exam 5
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