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History of Housing Development in the Phil

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Trends in Socialized Housing History of Socialized Housing Socialized housing traces its roots to the social justice policy enunciated by then Philippine Commonwealth President Manuel Luis Quezon. In July 1938, Don Alejandro suggested to buy a big tract of land not far from Manila which would be subdivided into small lots to sell to poor people at a price so low it would be within their reach. PHILIPPINE HOMESITE CORPORATION (1938-1945) President Quezon directed the immediate creation of the Peo
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  Trends in Socialized Housing History of Socialized Housing  Socialized housing traces its roots to the social justice policy enunciated bythen Philippine Commonwealth President Manuel Luis Quezon. In July 1938, Don Alejandro suggested to buy a big tract of land not far from Manila which would besubdivided into small lots to sell to poor people at a price so low it would be withintheir reach. P  HILI  PP  INE HOMESITE COR  P  ORATION (1938-1945) President Quezon directed the immediate creation of the People¶s HomesiteCorporation (PHC) as the first government housing agency on 14 October 1938. Thiswas to be a subsidiary of the National Development Company (NDC). Appointedchairman of the PHC board was Alejandro Roces Sr. Other members of the boardincluded Ambrosio Magsaysay, Vicente Fragante, Jose Paez and Dr. EugenioHernando. Ramon Roces was appointed manager with an annual salary pf P1.00.During its meeting on October 10, 1939, the Phc Board of Directors approved aresolution to purchase a tract of land consisting of 15, 723, 191 sq.m. in DilimanEsttate owned by Doña Teresa Tuazon at P0.50 per sq.m. P  EO P  LE¶S HOMESITE AND HOUSING COR  P  ORATION (  P  HHC) (1945-1975) Six years later, on 17 September 1945, the National Housing Corporation wascreated. The two agencies, the PHC and the NHC, were subsequently merged onOctober 4, 1947 into the People¶s Homesite and Housing Corporation. In the yearsthat followed, six housing related agencies were formed to respond to separate anddistinct shelter requirements, namely, the Presidential Assistant on Housing andResettlement (PAHRA), Tondo Foreshore Development Authority (TFDA), CentralInstitute for Training and Relocation of Urban Squatters (CITRUS), PresidentialCommittee on Urban and Resettlement (PRECHUR), Sapang Palay DevelopmentCommittee (SPDC), Inter-Agency Task Force to Undertake the Relocation of Families in Barrio Nabacaan, Villanueva, Misamis Oriental. NATIONAL HOUSING AUTHORITY (1975- P  RESENT)  Eventually, on October 15, 1975, President Ferdinand E. Marcos promulgatedPresidential Decree NO. 757 - Creating the National Housing Authority as the solehousing agency. NHA, a government-owned and controlled corporation, took over and integrated the functions and resources of the PHHC and six other housing-related agencies which were then abolished. Three years later, the Ministry of Human Settlements (MHS) was created to further bolster the housing effort andforge new plans and directions for accelerated housing development on a nationalscale. THE FORTIES AND THE FIFTIES  Even before the war when the total population of the Filipinos was only aboutsixteen million, housing in the urban areas was already a problem. As early as 1940,the PHHC had been constructing dwelling units in its housing projects. TheKamuning Housing Project in Quezon City was started in 1940. Project I in RoxasDistrict, Quezon City was concretized in 1949 while Project 2 in Quirino District wasset up in 1951. Other housing projects such as Project 3 in Quirino District, Projects4, 6, 7 and 8 in Quezon City and Project 16 in Caloocan City were also built. Thesehousing projects, however, were not limited to Manila and suburbs Governmenthousing projects were also established in Tagaytay, Tacloban, Ioloilo, Bacolod City,and Roxas City. Construction of tenements started in 1956 to provide morehomeless families with housing units while maximizing use of the land.The houses in these government projects in these government projects tookseveral forms. There were single-family and two-family detached units, single andtwo-story row houses, walk-up apartments and high-rise structures. These housingprojects included provisions for community services and facilities such as schoolhouses, recreation and open spaces, market and shopping areas, religious facilities,circulation networks and other utilities.THE SIXTIESThe rapid urbanization of Manila in the following years after World War IItriggered the influx of rural immigrants who sought better economic opportunities inthe city. This led to the problem of squatting and congestion in the city and its  suburbs. In an effort to ease the housing shortage, government initiated theconstruction of multi-story tenement housing projects, specifically for low-incomefamilies living in the squatter colonies. A viable alternative to slum living, thetenements provided housing facilities to relocated families from blighted areas inMetro Manila.THE SEVENTIESIn the 1970s the Philippine population rose to 40 million with the biggestconcentration of people in Metro Manila. With the shortage in Housing units andlimited space available for housing, real estate prices soared beyond the reach of theordinary Filipino. The national government responded to the housing problemthrough institutional reorganization. Existing shelter agencies were dissolved and theNHA was created in 1975. The NHA formulated and implemented three housingprogram concepts namely:1. Construction of new housing unitsNHA constructed new housing units to meet the increasing demand for housingbrought on by household and in-migration. The houses constructed varied fromsingle-detached and cluster houses to medium-rise apartments, depending on thelocation and affordability of prospective beneficiaries. The projects provided for community facilities and amenities which the beneficiaries could avail of and shareamong themselves.2. Slum Improvement and Upgrading of Sites and ServicesThis housing concept was geared towards the improvement of slums and blightedareas. This entailed on-site development of deteriorating urban as well as ruralcommunities. Projects were planned to include basic infrastructure facilities andservices, effective measures for decongestion and environmental hygiene to provideemployment opportunities.  3. Sites and Services DevelopmentResettlement sites were developed in growth areas connected to urban centers bytransport network to accommodate families displaced from danger zones and slumimprovement projects. The sites were provided with core or shell housescomplemented by physical structures such as roads, water and power systems andsocio-economic facilities. Settlers were also provided serviced home lots where theycould build their houses a self-help basis. The emphasis of development was onsanitation and hygiene.EIGHTIESThe onset of the 80s saw the Authority pursuing with even greater vigor of blighted communities and development of sites and services for marginal and low-income families not only in Metro Manila but also in other urban centers of thecountry.In the late eighties, sectoral participation in low-cost housing widened. NHAlaunched the Joint Venture Program. This involved joint undertaking with the localgovernment and the private sector in the delivery of housing services. In joint venturewith the private sector, the Authority pursued subdivision development, apartmentfinancing and dormitory construction. The houses constructed varied depending onthe location and affordability of prospective beneficiaries.The decade also adopted the self-help approach via the Community MortageProgram as a new scheme to housing delivery.NINETIESThe decade of the nineties was ushered in by a series of disasters which hitthe country. As such, focus was given on the reinforcement of the EmergencyHousing Assistance (EHAP) in the calamity-stricken areas. Housing assistancecame in the forms of loans to purchase construction materials, technical assistanceand core units.
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