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HUBUNGAN TINGKAT PENGGUNAAN TEKNOLOGI MOBILE GADGET DAN EKSISTENSI PERMAINAN TRADISIONAL PADA ANAK SEKOLAH DASAR

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ABSTRAK Munculnya alternatif permainan baru pada anak, khususnya permainan mobile gadget pada anak akibat pertumbuhan teknologi, memungkinkan adanya sebuah hubungan, baik secara langsung atau tidak, dengan eksistensi permainan tradisional. Penelitian
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  JURNAL IDEA SOCIETA VOL 2 NO 6 (2015) NOVEMBER 1 HUBUNGAN TINGKAT PENGGUNAAN TEKNOLOGI  MOBILE GADGET   DAN EKSISTENSI PERMAINAN TRADISIONAL PADA ANAK SEKOLAH DASAR OKKY RACHMA FAJRIN NIM. 0911210050 ABSTRAK Munculnya alt!nat"# $!%a"nan &a!u $a'a ana *u+u+nya $!%a"nan mobile gadget   $a'a ana a"&at $!tu%&u*an tn,l,-" %%un-"nan a'anya +&ua* *u&un-an &a" +ca!a lan-+un- atau t"'a 'n-an +"+tn+" $!%a"nan t!a'"+",nal. /nl"t"an "n" &!tuuan untu %n-anal"+"+ *u&un-an t"n-at $n--unaan tn,l,-" mobile gadget   'an +"+tn+" $!%a"nan t!a'"+",nal $a'a +"+a SDNU1 T!at 3!+". Mt,' $nl"t"an yan- '"-unaan a'ala* $n'atan uant"tat"# explanatory  atau $nla+an 'n-an %n--unaan anal"+"+ ,!la+" S$a!%an untu %n-ta*u" uatan *u&un-an 'ua 4a!"a&l yan" 4a!"a&l t"n-at $n--unaan mobile    gadget   'an 4a!"a&l +"+tn+" $!%a"nan t!a'"+",nal. Sa%$l $nl"t"an "ala* +"+a SDNU1 T!at 3!+" +&anya  +"+a. a+"l $n-u"an 'ala% $nl"t"an "n" %nunuan &a*a an-a +"-n"#"a+" +&+a! 0278 9 005. S*"n--a 'a$at '"+"%$ulan &a*a  0  '"t!"%a 'an  1 '"t,la +*"n--a t"'a a'a *u&un-an anta!a t"n-at $n--unaan mobile    gadget   t!*a'a$ +"+tn+" $!%a"nan t!a'"+",nal. B!a"tan 'n-an t,!" ,n+u%+" 'a!" Bau'!"lla!' %n-na" +&ua* &ntu ,n+u%+" t!*a'a$ tan'a atau +"%&,l 'ala% $nl"t"an "n"  $nul"+ %n%uan &a*a 'n-an %%"l"" +&ua*  gadget   'a$at %%&uat !+$,n'n %!a+a '"!"nya -aul 'an t"'a t"n--alan a%an. Kata k!"#$  T"n-at $n--unaan tn,l,-" mobile gadget, E+"+tn+" $!%a"nan t!a'"+",nal Ma+ya!aat ,n+u%+" ABSTRACT  JURNAL IDEA SOCIETA VOL 2 NO 6 (2015) NOVEMBER 2 T* a'4nt ,# n -a%+ alt!nat"4 +$c"ally %,&"l -a'-t -a%+ a%,n- c*"l'!n a+ a !+ult ,# tc*n,l,-"cal -!,t* na&l+ an "nt!c,u!+ "t* t* :"+tnc ,# t!a'"t",nal -a%+ "t*! '"!ctly ,! "n'"!ctly. T*!#,! !+a!c*! ant' t, n, *t*! t*! "+ a !lat",n+*"$ &tn t* l4l ,# tc*n,l,-y %,&"l -a'-t u+ an' t* :"+tnc ,# t* t!a'"t",nal -a%+ "n l%nta!y +c*,,l +tu'nt+ "n SDNU1 t!at 3!+". T* %t*,' u+' "n t*"+ +tu'y "+ an :$lanat,!y ;uant"tat"4 a$$!,ac* u+"n- S$a!%an c,!!lat",n analy+"+ t, 't!%"n *, +t!,n- t* !lat",n+*"$ &tn t* t, 4a!"a&l+ *"c* a! 4a!"a&l ,# -a'-t+ u+a- l4l+ an' 4a!"a&l ,# t!a'"t",nal -a%+ :"+tnc. T* !+a!c* +a%$l a! +tu'nt+ ,# NU 1 T!at 3!+" l%nta!y +c*,,l #!,% #"!+t cla++ t, +":t* cla++ *, $lay' -a'-t an' al+, -t t, n, an'  $lay t!a'"t",nal -a%+ t*! a!  +tu'nt+. T* t+t !+ult+ ,# t*"+ +tu'y +*,n t*at t* nu%&! ,# +"-n"#"cancy 4alu "+ 0.278 an' "+ &"--! t*an 0.05. It %an+ t*at  0  "+ acc$t' an'  1  "+ !ct' +, t*! "+ n, !lat",n+*"$ &tn t* l4l ,# -a'-t u+a- "t* t* :"+tnc ,# t* t!a'"t",nal -a%. Rlat' t, t* c,n+u%$t",n ,# a +"-n ,! +y%&,l "n t* Jan Bau'!"lla!'<+ t*,!y ,# c,n+u%$t",n t*"+ !+a!c* #,un' t*at &y *a4"n- a -a'-t a  $!+,n ,ul' #"n' "t +,c"a&l an' n,t ,ut'at'. R+ult+ ,# t*"+ +tu'y !4al' t*at t* l4l ,# -a'-t u+a- ,n t* +a%$l " t* +tu'nt+ "+ ;u"t *"-* &ut t* :"+tnc ,# t!a'"t",nal -a%+ can +t"ll & #,un'. =!,% t*+ !+ult+ "t can & c,nclu'' t*at alt*,u-* a +tu'nt $lay"n- -a'-t "t "+ n,t 't!%"nat' t*at t* +tu'nt "+ n,t  $lay"n- ,! #,!-tt"n- t* t!a'"t",nal -a%. K%&'()*+ > -a'-t u+a- tc*n,l,-y :"+tnc ,# t!a'"t",nal -a%+ c,%%un"ty c,n+u%$t",n  JURNAL IDEA SOCIETA VOL 2 NO 6 (2015) NOVEMBER 3 A. T#!,kat P%!,,!aa!  Mobile Gadget   *a! Ek+#+t%!+# P%)-a#!a! T)a*#+#(!a /a*a A!ak S%k(a Da+a) Tn,l,-" +ca!a u%u% '"a+,+"a+"an 'n-an $nt"n-an %,'!n"ta+ a!t"nya $n--unaan tn,l,-" +&a-a" +a!ana %nca$a" ?%auan@ (progress) . Sala* +atu c"!" *a+ yan- na%$a a'ala* "n,4a+" tn,l,-" yan- tla* %n+t"%ula+" %auan +,+"al 'an %la%$u" +a*t!aan "n'"4"'ual. Tn,l,-" *a'"! +&a-a" +"%&,l 'a!" %a+ya!aat %,'!n. (S,'at%", 200 *l%. 60). "nn! %ny&utan t"-a $a!a',+ 'ala% tn,l,-" yan" (S,'at%", 200 *l%. 61)>  Pertama,  Paradox of Intelligence  "ala* tn,l,-" t"'a %n-%&an-an %a%$uan %anu+"a tta$" *anya %n-an'alan ,n+u%n yan- u!an- ,%$tn.  Kedua, Paradox of Lifespace  ($a!a',+ +ua+ana *"'u$) "ala* *a'"!nya tn,l,-" '" %a+a la%$au '"tunuan untu %nc"$ataan atu +n--an- (jeisure time)  yan" &&a+an 'an +$!+" !at"4"ta+ $!"&a'". Na%un $a'a %a+a +a!an- tn,l,-" *anya %%&an"!" *"'u$an +,+"al 'n-an +"+t% ,%un"a+" %ult"%'"a.  Ketiga, /a!a',+ '%,!a+" lt!,n" "ala* tn,l,-" 'an '%,!a+" yan" '" +atu +"+" tn,l,-" '"an--a$ +&a-a" +&ua* $%anaan '%,!a+" %"+alnya 'ala% %'"a tl4"+" %na%$"lan &anya *"'u$an %anu+"a %"+al &"aan  $,l"t" a%!"a yan- ta%$a "ala* "%a" $,l"t" 4"',. Tn,l,-" t"'ala* '%,!at"+ t!l&"* $a!a ,n+u%n %na'" t!$"+a* 'n-an $!at" !al '%,!a+" "tu +n'"!". A%l",!a ' %nyataan &a*a $!%&an-an tn,l,-" 'an "n#,!%a+" %n-ala%" %auan yan- +an-at $+at '"tan'a" 'n-an %auan $a'a &"'an- "n#,!%a+" 'an tn,l,-" &an-+a In',n+"a %!u$aan +ala* +atu &an-+a yan- "ut t!l"&at 'ala% %auan %'"a "n#,!%a+" 'an tn,l,-" (Manu%$"l 2015). Sala* +atu  $!,'u 'a!" "n,4a+" can--"*an tn,l,-" a'ala*  gadget   +&a-a"%ana '"la+an ,l* Manu%$"l (2015) &a*a  gadget   %!u$aan &a!an- can--"* yan- 'a$at %nya"an &!&a-a" %'"a &!"ta a!"n- +,+"al *,&" &a*an *"&u!an. Mnu!ut Jat" (2017) t!n'  gadget t!u+ &!%&an- '" In',n+"a can--"*an tn,l,-"  gadget +$!t"  smartphone  tablet, e-reader   'an la$t,$ +%a"n &!%&an- +"!"n- 'n-an %n"n-atnya &utu*an %anu+a aan %'"a  JURNAL IDEA SOCIETA VOL 2 NO 6 (2015) NOVEMBER 4 yan- %,'!n 'an $!at"+. M"+alnya  gadget   'ala% &ntu handphone  +aat "n" %%"l"" &!&a-a" 4a!"a+" OS (Operating ystem)  +$!t" android, !indo!s phone  'an Blac&!!y. Sla"n "tu a'anya "n,4a+" yan- &!+"na%&un-an $a'a  gadget   'a$at %n-*a'"!an &!&a-a" can--"*an 'an $!at"+an 'ala% &!,%un"a+" yan- '"+!ta" 'n-an &!&a-a" #"tu! %na!" *al "n" %%&uat %a+ya!aat +%a"n t!-"u! 'an t!$uau untu +lalu %n-,n+u%+"  gadget  . S"!"n- &!alannya atu  $!u+a*aan$!u+a*aan $!,'u+n  gadget   'n-an &!&a-a" brand   (%!) &!l,%&al,%&a %naa!an %auan tn,l,-" 'n-an &!&a-a" %a%$uan yan- +%a"n can--"* +*"n--a %a+ya!aat u-a &!l,%&al,%&a untu %%"l""  gadget yan- t!&a!u. Ban*a% %n'#"n"+"an  gadget +&a-a" &n'a 'n-an a!at!"+t" un" %%"l"" un"t 'n-an "n!a t"n--" 'an &!*u&un-an 'n-an uu!an +!ta &"aya. =un-+"  gadget a'ala* untu %n-u&a* ++uatu %na'" *al yan- '"&utu*an %anu+"a (Tau#" 201). B!&a-a" 4n',! +al"n- &!l,%&a 'ala% %n-%&an-an a$l"a+" 'ala%  gadget %!a '%" %%nu*" 'an %%ua+an &utu*an ,n+u%n. Jn"+ 'an %! $!,'u  gadget yan- &!a-a% %%&uat ,n+u%n %%$unya" &anya  $"l"*an 'ala% %%"l"* $!,'u  gadget yan- aan '"-unaan (Jat" 2017 *l%. 2). Sla"n "tu &ntu  gadget la"nnya "ala*  Play tation Portable (/S/) 'a*ulu  Play tation (/S) &!&ntu +$!an-at yan- &!uu!an &+a! 'an *a!u+ t!+a%&un- 'n-an tl4"+" a&l l"+t!" +t"c untu &!%a"n 'an la"nnya. Na%un +aat "n" %a+ya!aat *u+u+nya anaana &"+a %%a"nan  game play station yan- &"+a '"&aa %ana%ana tan$a *a!u+ +u+a* $aya* %nya%&un-an &&!a$a a&l yan" &"a+a '"+&ut 'n-an  Play tation Portable (/S/). S*"n--a 'a$at '"%n-!t" &a*a tn,l,-"  gadget %!u$aan &n'a yan- %n-ala%" $%&a*a!uan 'a!" &n'a yan- +u'a* $!na* '"c"$taan '"!ancan- %%"l"" $!at"+an 'an l&"* can--"*. S'an-an tn,l,-" mobile gadget 'ala%  $nl"t"an "n" "ala* &n'a &!tn,l,-" can--"* yan- +u'a* %n-ala%" "n,4a+" %na'" l&"* $!at"+ 'an %u'a* '"&aa.  JURNAL IDEA SOCIETA VOL 2 NO 6 (2015) NOVEMBER 5 /n--unaan  gadget atau alatalat yan- 'a$at 'n-an %u'a* t!,n+" 'n-an "nt!nt "n" %n-ala%" $n"n-atan 'a!" atu  atu. Saat "n" u!an- l&"* 75 uta ,!an- %n--unaan "nt!nt '"%ana +%&"lan uta '"anta!anya %n--unaan $,n+l untu %n-a++ "nt!nt. Sanaya %nyataan &a*a $a'a ta*un 2001 u%la* $n--una "nt!nt '" In',n+"a *anya +tn-a* uta $n'u'u. Ju%la* "n" +%a"n &!ta%&a* a!na +%a"n %u'a* '" 'a$at +!ta t!an-aunya *a!-a 'a!" $,n+l c!'a+ (Manu%$"l 2015). Mnu!ut Bau'!"lla!' %a+ya!aat ,n+u%+" '""'nt"an 'n-an %a+ya!aat  $!tu%&u*an yan- 'ala% $!,++nya %!u$aan +"lu+ $!tu%&u*an yan- t!u+ %n!u+ 'an '"*u&un-an 'n-an $%&,!,+an. T!a"t ,nt+ t!+&ut $an'an-an %,!al tntan- $%&,!,+an +&a-a" '"+#un-+" '"a%&"l %&al" %nu!ut #un-+"#un-+" yan- +&na!nya (=a'*"la* 2011). Sca!a %,!al $%&,!,+an a'ala* &ntu  $!&uatan +"a+"aan na%un 'ala% +"lu+ $!tu%&u*an %a+ya!aat $%&,!,+an %na'" l,-"+ ya"tu +&a-a" $ny"%&an- +nan-an +,+"al anta!a la+ ',%"nan 'n-an la+ &aa*. /%&,!,+an 'ala% a"tannya 'n-an $!"lau ,n+u%n %!u$aan &a-"an 'a!" -aya *"'u$ 'an &u'aya ,n+u%!"+% yan- '"$"cu ,l* c$atnya $!-ant"an %,' 'ala% &!&a-a" &a!an- 'an &utu*an *"'u$ %a+ya!aat ,n+u%+" (=a'*"la* 2011). ,n+u%+" &!a'a $a'a +atu tatanan $%anaan $a'a +atu an,$" ,& +atu +"+t% atau ,' tan'a ?+atu tatanan %an"$ula+" tan'a@ %an"$ula+" ,& +&a-a" tan'a +atu ,%un"a+" (+$!t" &a*a+a) +atu +"+t% $!tua!an (+$!t" !a&atan  $!"%"t"#) +atu %,!al"ta+ ya"tu +atu +"+t% $!tua!an "',l,-"+ $!,'u+" $!&'aan ?+atu -n!al"+a+" $!,++ #a+*",n +ca!a ,%&"nat"#@ %nc"$ataan "+,la+" 'an %n-"n'"4"'u +atu $n-an- ,!an- +ca!a &aa* +a'a! &a" 'a!" +"+t% tan'a 'an 'a!" +"+t% +,+",,n,%"$,l"t" 'an +atu l,-"a +,+"al (Bau'!"lla!' 2007 *l%. :::"4). Saat "n" t"'a *anya ,!an- 'a+a &a*an anaana $un %ula" #a%"l"a! 'n-an  gadget  . Dala% +u!4" yan- '"lauan ,l* the"sianparent Insights (2017)  $a'a l"n-u$ +tu'" aa+an A+"a Tn--a!a 'n-an %l"&atan +t"'anya 2.71
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