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Hungarian solar energy market

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Hungarian solar energy market Prof. I. Farkas 1 Contents Hungarian Solar Energy Society Energy market and framework conditions Legal and regulatory environment Solar energy
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Hungarian solar energy market Prof. I. Farkas 1 Contents Hungarian Solar Energy Society Energy market and framework conditions Legal and regulatory environment Solar energy market - Current status & market potential Future trends - Conclusions 2 Hungarian Solar Energy Society acts as the Hungarian section of the International Solar Energy Society (ISES), is dedicated to the promotion of solar energy utilisation in Hungary and is involved in the implementation of the National Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Programme, regularly participates in national awarenessraising activities and organises workshops, exhibitions and conferences. 3 Hungarian Solar Energy Society is structured into working groups in the following fields as Architectural applications Photovoltaic applications Agricultural applications Thermal applications Energy policy issues 4 Hungarian Solar Energy Society conducted the following main projects Ministry of Environmental Protection UNESCO Hungarian Solar Participation Program EU supported program Solar Schools Forum Co-operation with the Hungarian Academy of Sciences webpage: 5 Energy market and framework conditions Overall energy supply & demand Total demand fluctuates in line with changes in the country s economic sector at about 40,000 GWh/year The import/export ratio is about 10%. 6 Energy market and framework conditions Energy supply and demand in Hungary (in GWh) 7 Energy market and framework conditions Impact of solar energy industry is present and developing continuously, even if relatively high equipment prices and low governmental support do not create sufficient motivation for wide-spread application, but is expected that in Hungary s energy mix will increase significantly 8 Energy market and framework conditions Projection for the share of renewable energies in the national energy mix 9 Legal and regulatory environment Hungary has no legislation specific to solar energy. However, the Parliament has accepted the National Electrical Energy Law No LXXXVI in 2007 providing support to renewable energies The revised National Electricity Law came into effect in 15 October 2007, abandoning the differentiation between different types of renewable energy sources The principal incentive for solar energy in Hungary is a feed-in tariff of 26,46 HUF/kWh 0,11 EUR/kWh, a rather low figure. 10 Legal and regulatory environment Market barriers and restrictions Government support for renewable energies is slowed by lobby efforts of the influential conventional oil, natural gas and nuclear energy industries. Currently, government makes little distinction in its support for renewable energy sources The media often report incorrectly on the subject of renewable energy. The import market is too narrow The quality of training and education will have an important impact on the future market potential 11 Legal and regulatory environment Some examples in the Solar Energy education 10 kwp PV grid connected system in SZIE Gödöllő 12 Legal and regulatory environment Some examples in the Solar Energy education Multipurpose Solar Educational Systems of Solart-System 13 Legal and regulatory environment Some examples in the Solar Energy education Quasiautonomous Educational Solar Power Supply of Solart-System 14 Solar energy market - Current status & market potential Photovoltaics & Solar Thermal The total installed surface area of collectors for solar thermal applications is estimated at 200,000 m 2 The photovoltaic market is estimated at 150 kwp/year The market is growing exponentially year on year 15 Solar energy market - Current status & market potential There are several reasons for this market growth (1): increase of energy prices reduces the time for return on investment increased public interest in solar energy applications there are remote areas of the country not yet connected to the grid system rules for grid connection for renewable energy sources have been simplified 16 Solar energy market - Current status & market potential There are several reasons for this market growth (2): Hungarian manufacturers on the market the professional expertise of Hungarian specialists is accepted internationally export ratio of national solar products is limited (at about 10%), but expected to grow SMEs are able to make profits 17 Market potential & future trends Photovoltaic The number of PV applications is expected to grow significantly in the near future, particularly for use in supermarkets, filling stations, the building industry, remote areas, etc. The total useable surface for solar modules in Hungary is km 2 including outside open areas and houses. 45% of this surface area is technically viable, or: km 2, including areas next to railways and highways. Thus the total average electricity production yields a value of 486 x 10 9 kwh/year 18 Market potential & future trends Active Solar Thermal The following surface areas are potentially suitable: Living-houses: 31.9Χ10 6 m 2 Offices, central buildings: 0.3Χ10 6 m 2 Camping, outside areas (district heating): 50Χ10 3 m 2 Total useable surface: 32.25Χ10 6 m 2 Thus, total active solar thermal potential is estimated at: PJ/year. 19 Market potential & future trends Passive Solar Thermal Installation in new buildings (80,000 flats/year): 1.8 PJ/year. Refitting/ renewal of existing buildings: 36 PJ/year. Thus, total passive solar thermal potential is estimated at: 37.8 PJ/year. 20 Market potential & future trends Agricultural Solar Thermal greenhouses: PJ/year; drying of crops: PJ/year; heating of water: PJ/year. Thus, total agricultural solar thermal potential is estimated at: PJ/year. 21 Market potential & future trends Future trends - Conclusions Three PV production facilities have recently been established in Hungary and gridconnected PV systems will play an increasingly important role. More and more complicated and sophisticated systems will be employed in building design, including integrated and hybrid applications. Greater internationalisation is expected to lead to mutual benefits in the solar energy sector. 22 Hungarian solar energy market Thank you for your kind attention 23
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