Innovation platform experiences from the PROGEBE project on in-situ conservation of endemic ruminant livestock in West Africa

1. Innovation platform experiences from the PROGEBE project on in-situ conservation of endemic ruminant livestock in West Africa Pamela PaliILRI Internal meeting on…
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  • 1. Innovation platform experiences from the PROGEBE project on in-situ conservation of endemic ruminant livestock in West Africa Pamela PaliILRI Internal meeting on Innovation Platforms,Nairobi, 6-7 December 2012
  • 2. Presentation Outline• PROGEBE Background• Expected outcomes• Key lessons learnt from three innovation platforms• Way forward
  • 3. PROGEBE• To remove barriers to the in-situ conservation of priority endemic ruminant livestock (ERL) species• N’dama cattle, Djallonke sheep and West Africa Dwarf goat.• Gambia, Senegal, Mali, and Guinea in 3 sites/country• 10 year project began in Q1 2005
  • 4. PROGEBE Expected Outcomes (1)• Enhanced productivity pure ERL through selective breeding and production improvements to strengthen food security, increase incomes and enhance incentives for in- situ conservation• Incentive schemes to foster optimal volarization of ERL established, and better marketing and distribution of products
  • 5. PROGEBE Expected Outcomes (2)• Increased share o f ERL breeds in herds of selected project pilot sites• Models for community based land use planning and sustainable natural resource management to ensure conservation of ERL eco systems• A system of regional co-operation and exchanges relevant to ERL
  • 6. Information exchangeDevelop, test and implement models for community-basedconservation, and management approaches, relatedstrategies for preserving unique genetic trait/habitatcomplexes - 2011PROGEBE intends to develop and implement a sub-regionalsystem for cooperation, coordination, and informationexchange relevant to endemic livestock.ILRI has proposed the establishment of innovationplatforms (IPs) at the site and (sub)-national levels as amechanism for enhancing communication, co-ordinationand knowledge sharing amongst key actors in PROGEBE.
  • 7. Process of IP establishment in PROGEBE Site EstablishmentSenegal, Pre establishment processBandafassi 1.Training on IP’s and M&E of IP’sGambia, 2.Development of guide (ILRI)Niamina East 3.Development of country TOR’s (NCU) (backstopping meetings) Establishment processGuinea, 1.Awareness meetings at site levelDinguiraye 2.Approval of TOR & financing by RCU 3.Discussions during IP Establishment a. Project Background, IP awareness b. Identification of relevant stakeholders c. IP issues based on the best bet options studyMali, In addition for Mali…..Yorobougoula Establishment process(Madina Diassa) 1.1st meeting: Awareness about IP’s 2.2nd meeting: identification of additional and relevant actors and the constraint analysis 3.3rd meeting: a. Identification of other actors relevant to the IP, b. Discussions with relevant actors, 7 c. ‘institutionalization of the IP’
  • 8. Background to IP Establishment• PROGEBE action site: Bandafassi, Senegal• Established: 26/09/12; 2nd: 24/11/12• IP focus: : To improve in animal health (Meat production & productivity)~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~• PROGEBE action site: Niamina East, The Gambia• Established: 24/09/12; 2nd: ??• IP focus: To increase milk production and marketing~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~• PROGEBE (and MOBIOM) action site: Yorobougoula (Madina diassa), Mali• Established:1st meeting: 09/08/2012; 2nd : 16/08/2012; 3rd : 13&14/09/2012• IP focus: To increase small ruminants, legumes & grain marketing~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~• PROGEBE action site: Dinguiraye, Guinea• Established: To be established in mid November 2012• IP Focus: ?? 8
  • 9. Lessons learnedIP establishment and operationalization 9
  • 10. Pre IP & IP Establishment• ‘Difficult’ to conceptualize IP concept (abstract)• Facilitation to understand concept requires: – Several (3) awareness meetings with stakeholders – Which should occur within a short time span – Require strong and local facilitators (including local champions/ innovative farmers) – Considerable time, financial investments – Could also build capacities of stakeholders first – Language – several languages (Bambara, French etc)• Facilitators should have: – Have conflict management skills – Have facilitation skills• Building on existing opportunities is key 10
  • 11. The GambiaSite: Niamina eastMilk VC IP focusKey Issues1.Disease control2.Institutional capacity building Other Stakeholders3.Intensive training of cattle owners on stapling 1.Site Staff (Department of Agriculture)technologies and feed producers/suppliers on 2.Site based NGOsalternative source production and management 3.Local radio station4.Establishment and maintenance of market linkages 4.Local councillors and community leader (s)
  • 12. SenegalSite: BandafassiMilk VC IP focus
  • 13. IP issue Single meeting is insufficient to discuss IP issue Evidence based:  Best bet option studies,  Baseline studies,  Constraint analysis Distinguish difference between the IP issue and constraints Pay attention to the prioritization process of the issue 13
  • 14. Constraint analysis Evidence based:  Best bet option studies,  Baseline studies,  Constraint analysis Need to be validated  By stakeholders at each subsequent meeting Focused  With each meeting, continuous validation can help focus the constraints that the IP can deliberate on in one cycle 14
  • 15. Stakeholder Analysis Stakeholder buy in is critical to:  Understand their interest & contribution  Prevent jeopardy (hijacking) of the IP issue Continuous validation of stakeholder composition relevant to the IP issue Policy stakeholders are key Stakeholder analysis (SNA) is required at different points in the IP cycle. 15
  • 16. Institutionalization of IPIn Mali, IP was given a name Platform for the Promotion of Agriculture and Livestock "Hope for the Community“The objective of the IP was to: Promote the production and marketing of small ruminants, grains and legumes, with the adoption ofinnovations that promote the sustainable integration of agro-pastoral systems in the community.Institutionalization is required for recognitionto : Access formal credit Access to resources such as fundingIf the IP is institutionalized:So what after the IP issue is resolved? 16
  • 17. Monitoring and Evaluation of IP• Allocation of M&E person (SC) for IP activities (or an M&E committee)• RCU push: Integrating the IP M&E systems and the PROGEBE system to prevent dual M&E systems key• RCU Push: Demand from RCU to show the ‘value added’ by the IP and to show consistency of participation in the IP activities• Routine M&E (by site co-ordinators) & End of cycle evaluation (MTE), MTE should occur after an IP cycle (six months)• Learning from information and knowledge transfer and stakeholder interaction 17
  • 18. SenegalSite: BandafassiMilk VC IP focus
  • 19. Conclusions1. Buy in by RCU proved critical to push the IP establishment – need for evidence2. Evidence depends on the NCU + SCU and how quickly they follow up on issues and RCU on the financial side3. Constant dialogue between RCU, NCU and SCU 19
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