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Institution building: a comparative approach to justice systems

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Institution building: a comparative approach to justice systems
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  1 Divided Societies, IUC Dubrovnik, 24 April 2008 Institution building: a comparativeapproach to justice systems Global, EuropeanandCroatianproblemsandtheirrelevancefordividedsocietiesGlobal, EuropeanandCroatianproblemsandtheirrelevancefordividedsocieties Prof. Dr. ALAN UZELAC, uzelac@post.harvard.eduProf. Dr. ALAN UZELAC, uzelac@post.harvard.edu DividedSocieties, IUC Dubrovnik, 24 April 2008 Outline • Judiciary - Istherea global perceptionofjudiciary? - Global divisionsofjusticesystems - traditionalapproach: commonlawandcivil law - analternative approach: relationshiptowardssociety(users) • Dividedsocietiesanddevelopmentoflegalsystems - Whyisa functionaljudiciaryimportant? - externalperspective: ananalysisofEuropeanfindingsregardingCroatia - internalperspective: corruptionandlengthofproceedings - Some structuraldivisions: whereistherealproblem inlegalharmonisation? • Legalprocedures: cantheybereformed? - Gettinga touchandfeeloftheMediterraneanjudicialprocess - Some Croatianexamplesanddana regardingjudicialproceedings - A shocktherapythroughelevenshockingtargets - Forwhomistheshocktherapyshocking?  2 DividedSocieties, IUC Dubrovnik, 24 April 2008 Judiciary – a global perception • Justicesystem–is itchangingat all?  Plus ça change, plus c’est la même chose?    DividedSocieties, IUC Dubrovnik, 24 April 2008 Judiciary – a global perception • Justicesystem–is itchangingat all?  Plus ça change, plus c’est la même chose?   3 DividedSocieties, IUC Dubrovnik, 24 April 2008  A classicalapproach: Civil LawversusCommonLaw A classicalapproach: Civil LawversusCommonLaw DividedSocieties, IUC Dubrovnik, 24 April 2008  4 DividedSocieties, IUC Dubrovnik, 24 April 2008DividedSocieties, IUC Dubrovnik, 24 April 2008  5 DividedSocieties, IUC Dubrovnik, 24 April 2008 Global challenges for justice systems • Lackof Transparency • Lackof Foreseeability • Lackof Harmonisation • Lackof AppropriateTimeManagement • Lackof Opennessto theNeedsof Users • Lackof Evaluationof theImpactof Normson RealLife • Lackof AdaptationtoChangesin Society DividedSocieties, IUC Dubrovnik, 24 April 2008 For Whom Do the Courts Work? “Old”Civil Procedure -Shapedfromthetop (Napoleon);-Principallyaddressedto judgesand lawyersas stateagents;-Qualityas consistencycheck;-“Modernisation”as a processof introducingimprovementsfavorableto professionals, nottousers;-Orientedtowardsnorms, notresults. “Old”Civil Procedure -Shapedfromthetop (Napoleon);-Principallyaddressedto judgesand lawyersas stateagents;-Qualityas consistencycheck;-“Modernisation”as a processof introducingimprovementsfavorableto professionals, nottousers;-Orientedtowardsnorms, notresults. “New”Civil Procedure -Forwhatsociety?-Shouldcivil procedure beaddressedto thesociety?-Howto turnthefocusof civilprocedure to citizensas itsprincipal users?-“Ideal procedure”: justdecisioninappropriateand foreseeabletime. “New”Civil Procedure -Forwhatsociety?-Shouldcivil procedure beaddressedto thesociety?-Howto turnthefocusof civilprocedure to citizensas itsprincipal users?-“Ideal procedure”: justdecisioninappropriateand foreseeabletime.
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