Instructiuni de Aparare Impotriva Incendiilor

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  ROMANIA, JUDETUL OLT APROB,SCOALA GIMNAZIALA BOBICESTI DIRECTOR  Nr. ______________________DUMITRU ANTON INSTRUCŢIUNIDE APĂRARE ÎMPOTRIVA INCENDIILOR  1) Prevederi specifice de prevenire si stingere a inendiilor:a) Clădire administrativa, birouri, săli de clasa >In sălile de l!s! in !re năl#ire! se $!e % s&'e, !li(en)!re! !es)&r! )re'%ie să se $!ă in!in)e de!es%l *ers&!nel&r in săli+>Se in)er#ie, !(*l!s!re! %il&r $!lse, ! dr!*eriil&r si ! &-lin#il&r, *re%( si !(*l!s!re să%nel%l,&&!rel&r si *res%ril&r *e !ile de e!%!re, de&!ree *&) der%)! si i(*iedi! *ers&!nele !re se e!%e!#ă, in!# de inendi%+>Ins)!l!/iile ele)rie de il%(in!) n&r(!l si il%(in!) de si-%r!n/!, ele de năl#ire &r $ie0*l&!)!)e, &n$&r( n&r(el&r si n)re/in%)e in *er$e)! s)!re+>Es)e in)er#is! il%(in!re! % $l!ăr! des1is! 2l%(3nări, 1i'ri)%ri, $e)ile4 ! l&%ril&r !re *re#in)ă *eri&l de inendi%5>In lădirile !d(inis)r!)ie, li1idele &('%s)i'ile *en)r% %ră/enie &r $i *ăs)r!)e in 'id&!ne (e)!lieer(e)i in1ise si e)i1e)!)e 6 in l&%ri $eri)e de *&si'ili)!)e! i#'%nirii %n%i inendi% n%(!i in !n)i)!)e de(!0i(%( 78 l+>N% se !d(i)e de*&#i)!re! (!)eri!lel&r nees!re %ră/eniei *e %l&!re, in !sele săril&r s!% *e !l)e )r!seede e!%!re !le lădirii+>P!rd&se!l! n% se ! %r!)! % 'en#in! s!% ne&$!lin!, i % *!r1e)in 6 n%(!i l! l%(in! #ilei res*e)!nd%6se %r(ă)&!rele re-%li56s&!)ere! de s%' )ensi%ne ! )%)%r&r !*!r!)el&r ele)rie+6s)in-ere! )%)%r&r &r*%ril&r de il%(in!re ele)rie, ! lă(*il&r si $elin!rel&r, *re%( si !$&%l%i din s&'e, (!ini si !*!r!)e de -ă)i)+6!si-%r!re! en)il!/iei nă*eril&r res*e)ie, *rin des1idere! $eres)rel&r+6in)er#iere! $&l&sirii %s)ensilel&r din (!)eri!l *l!s)i s!% ! 3r*el&r din $i're sin)e)ie+6in)er#iere! $%(!)%l%i+6in)er#iere! $&l&sirii *!r1e)in%l%i in !(es)e % 'en#in!, ne&$!lin! e).>in)er#ie *ăs)r!re! in 'ir&%ri ! (!)eri!lel&r in$l!(!'ile si ! 3r*el&r de )ers ('i'!)e % %lei l!, e!r!,e).>G%n&!iele se &r !rde in l&%ri s*ei!l s)!'ili)e $ără *eri&l de inendi%, n%(!i s%' s%*r!e-1ere, *e)i(* )!r! 3n). D%*ă )er(in!re! &*er!/iei de !rdere, en%! si ăr'%nii &r $i s)ini % !*! i !&*eri/i % *ă(3n)s!% nisi*, eri$i!nd%6se % (!re !)en/ie s)in-ere! $&%l%i+>M!)eri!lele )e0)ile $&l&si)e l! %ră/enie, ('i'!)e % s%'s)!n/e &('%s)i'ile si in$l!(!'ile se &r &le)!in %)ii (e)!lie *reă#%)e % !*!e si se &r e!%! l! s$3ri)%l #ilei de l%r% in l&%ri s*ei!l s)!'ili)e, $ără *eri&l de inendi%. b) Laboratoare: >L%rările de !n!li#!, iner!ri se &r $!e n%(!i de ă)re *ers&n!l ins)r%i) s*ei!l in !es) s&*+>U)ili#!re! $%r)%n%ril&r de$e)e s!% ! el&r !re !% de*ăi) -r!d%l !d(isi'il de %#%r! l! r!&rd!re! 'e%ril&r de -!# es)e in)er#is!. De !se(ene!, se ! ei)! !(*l!s!re! $%r)%n%ril&r de !%i% !le ins)!l!/iil&r de-!#e, in !*r&*iere! s%rsel&r de ăld%r!+>Be%rile de -!# si lă(*ile % s*ir) se &r !(*l!s! n%(!i *e (ese s)!'ili)e, &n$e/i&n!)e din (!)eri!lin&('%s)i'il. In 9%r%l !es)&r s%rse de $& 6 *e & r!#! de (ini(%( l ( 6 n% se &r de*&#i)! li1ide s!% (!)eri!le &('%s)i'ile+>Es)e in)er#is! lăs!re! 'e%ril&r de -!#, ! lă(*il&r s!% ! !l)&r !*!r!)e *en)r% in!l#ire $ără & *er(!nen)! s%*r!e-1ere, in )i(*%l $%n/i&n!rii+>S%'s)!n/ele )&0ie, !%s)ie s!% in$l!(!'ile se &r *ăs)r! in l&%ri s*ei!l !(en!9!)e, n%i!)e. :M!)ees% D!niel!  c)  Magazii: >M!)eri!lele se &r de*&#i)! in $%n/ie de *r&*rie)ă/i 6 -r!d de *eri%l&#i)!)e, sensi'ili)!)e! l!ăld%r!, $%( s!% %(e#e!l!, re!/i! $!)! de !l)e (!)eri!le, &ndi/ii in !re se *&) !*rinde, s%'s)!n/ele e *&) $i%)ili#!)e l! s)in-ere! een)%!lel&r inendii,>Se in)er#ie de*&#i)!re! (!)eri!lel&r in$l!(!'ile !le ăr&r *r&*rie)ă/i n% s%n) %n&s%)e s!% n% *&) $i !si(il!)e % !l)e s%'s)!n/e si(il!re+>Ins)!l!/iile ele)rie &r $ eri$i!)e *eri&di si 'ine n)re/in%)e de *ers&n!l !%)&ri#!) in !es)s&*+>C&r*%rile de il%(in!) din de*&#i)ele de (!)eri!le &('%s)i'ile &r $i *reă#%)e % -l&'%ri de *r&)e/ie, i!r ele e *&) $i l&i)e % !*ără)&ri 2-ră)!re4. 2) Obligaiile generale ale salariailor privind prevenirea si stingerea incendiilor  : 6 s! res*e)e re-%lile si (!s%rile de *reenire si s)in-ere ! inendiil&r !d%se l! %n&s)iin)! *rin *re#en)ele ins)r%/i%ni de !*ăr!re (*&)ri! inendiil&r si % &!#i! e0e%)ării ins)r%)!9el&r  *eri&die+6 s! %)ili#e#e, *&)rii) ins)r%/i%nil&r d!)e, s%'s)!n/ele *eri%l&!se, ins)!l!/iile, %)il!9ele, (!inile,!*!r!)%r! si e1i*!(en)ele de l%r%+6 s! n% e$e)%e#e (!nere si (&di$iări ne*er(ise l! (i9l&!ele )e1nie de *r&)e/ie s!% dein)eren/ie *en)r% s)in-ere! inendiil&r+6 s! &(%nie i(edi!) dire)&r%l%i &ri *ers&!nel&r (*%)ernii)e de !es)! &rie si)%!/ie !re es)e ndre*)ă/i) s! &&nsidere %n *eri&l de inendi%, *re%( si &rie de$e/i%ne sesi#!)! l! sis)e(ele de *r&)e/ie s!% de in)eren/ie *en)r% s)in-ere! inendiil&r+6 s! &&*ere#e % s!l!ri!/ii dese(n!/i de dire)&r, !)3) !) ii *er(i) %n&s)iin)ele si s!rinile s!le, in edere!re!li#ării (!s%ril&r de !*ăr!re (*&)ri! inendiil&r+6 s! !&rde !9%)&r, !)3) !) es)e r!/i&n!l *&si'il, &riăr%i !l) s!l!ri!) !$l!) in)r6& s)!re de *eri&l. !) eguli si masuri de prevenire si stingere a incendiilor pentru efectuarea operaiilor de lucru cu foc desc#is $sudura, etc%) 6eri$i!re! #&nei de s%d%r! s! n% *re#in)e des1ideri s!% ră*!)%ri *rin !re s! d%! l! ăderi des%d%r! in!ndesen)! in s*!)iile in$eri&!re, !re !r *%)e! s! *r&d%ă inendii+6%ră/ire! s%*r!$e/ei !re se ! s%d! in in)eri&r si e0)eri&r+6!&*erire! (!)eri!rel&r &('%s)i'ile % *rel!)e re#is)en)e l! $l!ăr!+6%(e#ire! )%'%l!)%rii si ! *!rd&selii in #&n! n !re se e0e%)! s%d%r!, !) si in !*r&*iere, *e & r!#! de 7 ( de l! l&%l s%d%rii+6!si-%r!re! (i9l&!el&r de *ri(! in)eren/ie+6i#&l!re! l! *!r)e! s%*eri&!r! si in$eri&!r! $!)! de l&%l *en)r% s%d!re+6EMITEREA PERMISULUI DE LUCRU CU ;OC DESC<IS. &) 'lemente care determina riscul de incendiu >S%rse de !*rindere e0is)en)e56s%rse de !*rindere % $l!ăr!+6s%rse de !*rindere de n!)%r! )er(i!+6s%rse de !*rindere de n!)%r! ele)ri!+6s%rse de !*rindere n!)%r!le+6s%rse de !*rindere indire)e.> C&ndi/ii 2 (*re9%rări4 *reli(in!re !re *&) de)er(in! si=s!% $!&ri#! ini/iere!, de#&l)!re! si=s!% *r&*!-!re!%n%i inendi%56ins)!l!/ii si e1i*!(en)e ele)rie de$e)e &ri i(*r&i#!)e+6ree*)&ri ele)rii lăs!/i s%' )ensi%ne, nes%*r!e-1e!)i+6sis)e(e si (i9l&!e de năl#ire de$e)e, i(*r&i#!)e s!% nes%*r!e-1e!)e+6&n)!)%l (!)eri!lel&r &('%s)i'ile % en%!, 9!r%l si s3n)eile *r&eni)e de l! sis)e(elede in!l#ire+69&%l &*iil&r % $&%l+6$il(!)%l in l&%ri % *eri&l de inendi%+6l%rări % $& des1is, $ără res*e)!re! re-%lil&r si (!s%ril&r s*ei$ie de *.s.i.+6)răsne) si !l)e $en&(ene n!)%r!le+ 7M!)ees% D!niel!  6!/i%ne in)en/i&n!)! 2!rs&n4+6!l)e (*re9%rări. () Pericole care pot apărea in cazul incendiilor 6 intoxicarea cu monoxid de carbon:  *ers&n!l%l de in)eren/ie se ! e1i*! % (i9l&!e de *r&)e/ie ! !il&r res*ir!)&rii 2(ă)i &n)r! $%(%l%i si CO4+6 electrocutări:  *en)r% ei)!re! ele)r&%)ăril&r *e )i(*%l in)eren/iei se ! *r&ed!, in *re!l!'il, l! n)rer%*ere! %ren)%l%i ele)ri+6 arsuri: se ! ei)!, *e )i(*%l in)eren/iil&r, &n)!)%l % s%*r!$e/ele in!ndesen)e s!% $ier'in/i.M!s%ri de *ri( !9%)&r56 in)&0i!re! % (&n&0id de !r'&n56 s&!)ere! in)&0i!)%l%i l! !er %r!)+6 in !# de s)&* !rdi&6res*ir!)&r se ! $!e res*ir!/ie !r)i$ii!l! si (!s!9 !rdi! e0)ern+6 )r!ns*&r)!re! in)&0i!)%l%i l! s*i)!l.6 ele)r&%)ări56s&!)ere! i)i(ei de s%' )ensi%ne+6in !# de s)&* !rdi&6res*ir!)&r se ! $!e res*ir!/ie !r)i$ii!l! si (!s!9 !rdi! e0)ern+6 )r!ns*&r)!re! i)i(ei l! s*i)!l, 6 !rs%ri56!rs%ri de -r!d%l I5 re*re#en)!)e *rin r&!)! s!% eri)e(, se ! re%r-e l! de#in$e)!re!re-i%nii res*e)ie % !l&&l+ n% se e$e)%e!#ă *!ns!(en).6!rs%ri de -r!d%l II5 re*re#en)!)! *rin r&se!)!, $li)ene 2'ăii4 se ! !*li! %n *!ns!(en)s)eril, d%*ă !re '&ln!%l ! $i ndr%(!) ă)re & %ni)!)e s!ni)!r!.6!rs%ri de -r!d%l III si I?5 !lă)%ri de r&se)i !le *ielii, $li)ene 2'ăii4, !*!r si er&#i%ni !les)r!)%ril&r de s%' *iele, se ! !e! in edere !l(!re! d%rerii !iden)!)%l%i %!n)iner!l-ie+ se ! !*li! !s%*r! rănii %n *!ns!(en) s)eril, d%*ă !re '&ln!%l ! $i)r!ns*&r)!) de %r-en)! l! s*i)!l.RESPONSABIL P.S.I.BALASA MARIUS@NTOCMIT,MATEESCU DANIELA M!)ees% D!niel!
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