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Internet of Things: The Gold is in the Sensor Data

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1. © REDtone IOT 2015 INTERNET OF THINGS (IOT)
 “THE GOLD IS IN THE SENSOR DATA”
 Adjunct Professor Lecture Series (Feb. 9, 2015 @ UTHM) by…
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  • 1. ©"REDtone"IOT"2015" INTERNET OF THINGS (IOT)
 “THE GOLD IS IN THE SENSOR DATA”
 Adjunct Professor Lecture Series (Feb. 9, 2015 @ UTHM) by Dr. Mazlan Abbas CEO, REDtone IOT Sdn Bhd (A subsidiary of REDtone International Berhad)
  • 2. ©"REDtone"IOT"2015"
  • 3. ©"REDtone"IOT"2015" What is IoT? IOT in Business Sensing-as-a- Service IOT in Consumers Agenda
  • 4. ©"REDtone"IOT"2015" Building Smarter World Smart, connected products offer exponentially expanding opportunities Cut across and transcend traditional product boundaries. !
  • 5. ©"REDtone"IOT"2015" BY 2020, HOW MANY DEVICES WILL EXIST? 2020 Gartner Cisco Intel IDC 212 Billion Units 200 Billion Units 50 Billion Units 26 Billion Units Source: [1] http://www.gartner.com/newsroom/id/2684616 [2] http://www.intel.com/content/www/us/en/internet-of-things/infographics/guide-to-iot.html [3] http://share.cisco.com/internet-of-things.html [4] http://www.zdnet.com/article/internet-of-things-8-9-trillion-market-in-2020-212-billion-connected-things/
  • 6. ©"REDtone"IOT"2015" WHAT WILL BE THE IOT MARKET SIZE By 2020 - IDC By 2022 - Cisco Sources: [1] http://www.businesswire.com/news/home/20131003005687/en/Internet-Poised-Change-IDC#.VKZdfHTMUuc [2] http://postscapes.com/internet-of-things-market-size [3] Gartner Market Databook 2014 & Frost & Sullivan [4] National IOT Strategic Blueprint $14.4 Trillion $8.9 Trillion RMB 5-10 Trillion China Market RM 9.8 Billion Malaysia Market 14,720 Jobs New Jobs in Malaysia
  • 7. ©"REDtone"IOT"2015" I need to maintain the quality of my goods. Who is the intruder? Can I reduce my electricity bill? Am I healthy? When is my next bus? Where can I park? Monitoring of Assets – Typical Everyday Questions What IF we can connect ALL these assets and get the answers to ALL these questions? THE NEED TO CONNECT ASSETS/OBJECTS/THINGS
  • 8. ©"REDtone"IOT"2015" Sensors & Actuators Connectivity People & Processes WHAT DRIVES INTERNET OF THINGS?
  • 9. ©"REDtone"IOT"2015" [Source: http://postscapes.com/what-exactly-is-the-internet-of-things-infographic ]
  • 10. ©"REDtone"IOT"2015" [Source: http://postscapes.com/what-exactly-is-the-internet-of-things-infographic ]
  • 11. ©"REDtone"IOT"2015" [Source: http://postscapes.com/what-exactly-is-the-internet-of-things-infographic ]
  • 12. ©"REDtone"IOT"2015" Improved Performance Reduced Costs Create Innovative Products New Revenue Streams Monitor Autonomous Optimize Control BUSINESS OPPORTUNITIES Capabilities Benefits
  • 13. ©"REDtone"IOT"2015"WHAT IF – we can create Compound Applications across industries?
  • 14. ©"REDtone"IOT"2015" Compound Applications
  • 15. ©"REDtone"IOT"2015" FOR EXAMPLE
  • 16. ©"REDtone"IOT"2015"[Source: National Internet of Things Strategic Initiatives, Helmi Halim, Asia M2M Asia Business Platform, 3-4 Nov. 2014]
  • 17. ©"REDtone"IOT"2015" New Business Model Find the Gold in the Sensor Data.
  • 18. ©"REDtone"IOT"2015"
  • 19. ©"REDtone"IOT"2015" 2009 800,000 petabytes 2020 35 zettabytes as much Data and Content
 Over Coming Decade 44x 80% Of world’s data is unstructured
  • 20. ©"REDtone"IOT"2015" Wisdom Knowledge Information Data More Important Less Important Evaluated understanding Appreciation of Answers to questions. Symbols Understanding Answers to questions WHO WHY HOW WHAT WHERE WHEN VALUE IS CREATED BY MAKING SENSE OF DATA VALUE"PYRAMID"
  • 21. ©"REDtone"IOT"2015" Wisdom Evaluated understanding NA Understanding Appreciation of “why” Why this parking area is not fully occupied? Knowledge Answers to “how” questions How to implement a tiered charging? How to find “overstayed” vehicles? Information Answers to “who”, “what”, “where” and “when” questions Who park at this lot? What kind of vehicle? Where is the empty parking lot? When is peak period? Data Symbols Empty (0), Full (1) V a l u e Who Benefits? - Citizens / Parking Operators / City Council / Shops EXAMPLE – SMART PARKING
  • 22. ©"REDtone"IOT"2015" Sensing-as-a-Service : An IoT Cloud Service
  • 23. ©"REDtone"IOT"2015" All personal items, such as mobile phones, wrist watches, spectacles, laptops, soft drinks, food items and household items, such as televisions, cameras, microwaves, washing machines, etc Private business organization has the right to take the decision whether to publish the sensors attached to those items to the cloud or not. Public infrastructure such as bridges, roads, parks, etc. All the sensors deployed by the government will be published in the cloud depending on government policies. Business entities who deploy and manage sensors by themselves by keeping ownership. They earn by publishing the sensors and sensor data they own through sensor publishers. Personal and Households Commercial Sensor Data Providers Organizations Public Private [Source: “Sensing as a Service Model for Smart Cities Supported by Internet of Things”, Charith Perera et. al., Transactions on Emerging Telecommunications Technology, 2014] SENSOR CLASSIFICATION SCHEME BASED ON OWNERSHIP
  • 24. ©"REDtone"IOT"2015" REDtone IOT Platform Visualizations Analytics Applications Social Media Network With localized analytics With aggregated analytics Improved Performance Reduced Costs Create Innovative Products New Revenue Streams Sensors and Sensor Owners (Personal, Private, Public & Commercial) REDtone IOT provides “Sensing-as-a-Service” by connecting, aggregating, analyzing and transforming sensor data that will generate better insights and enabling business improvements.”
  • 25. ©"REDtone"IOT"2015" One scenario could be as such: •  The city would pay for access to the light sensors in order to decide when to turn on and off the street lights
 •  A university may want access to the pollution information for research purposes for a limited period
 •  The weather department would want the temperature and pressure data
 •  The street town council center would want the temperature and humidity data for planning during rough weather Sensors that gather temperature, light, pressure, humidity and pollution. COMMERCIAL IOT SENSORS BIZ MODEL
  • 26. ©"REDtone"IOT"2015" BENEFITS OF SENSING-AS-A-SERVICE Harnessing the creativity of the application developers. Cloud “Pay-per-Use” Participatory Sensing Sharing and reusing Reduction in data acquisition cost Assisting scientific community
  • 27. ©"REDtone"IOT"2015" IOT APPLICATIONS
  • 28. ©"REDtone"IOT"2015" EFFICIENT WASTE MANAGEMENT IN SMART CITIES SUPPORTED BY THE SENSING-AS-A-SERVICE [Source: “Sensing as a Service Model for Smart Cities Supported by Internet of Things”, Charith Perera et. al., Transactions on Emerging Telecommunications Technology, 2014]
  • 29. ©"REDtone"IOT"2015" Crowdsensing"
  • 30. ©"REDtone"IOT"2015" SMARTPHONE AS YOUR “SENSING ASSISTANT” Sensors: •  Camera – “Eyes” •  Audio – “Ears” •  Accelerometer – “Speed” •  GPS – “Location” •  Gyroscope – “Movement” •  Compass – “Direction” •  Proximity – “Closeness” •  Ambient light – “Eyes” •  Others… Crowdsourcing Via Crowdsensing Context 1.  Spatial – Location / Speed Orientation 2.  Temporal – Time / Duration 3.  Environmental – Temperature / Light / Noise Level 4.  User Characterization – Activity (Mobility Pattern) / Social (Friends, Interactions) 5.  Resource Availability – Storage / Memory / Computational / Battery
  • 31. ©"REDtone"IOT"2015" NOISETUBE – CROWDSOURCING OF POLLUTION DATA USING SMARTPHONES. WHAT MOTIVATES? •  Citizens and Communities concerned with noise •  Measure your daily sound exposure in dB(A) with your mobile phone •  Tag noisy sources to inform the community about them •  Visualize your measurements on a map and contribute to the creation of collective, city-wide noise maps •  Compare your experience with that of others •  Local governments / city planners •  Improve decision-making by understanding local and global noise pollution in your city using maps and statistics •  Get immediate feedback and opinions from citizens •  Give immediate feedback to citizens •  Researchers •  Get access to and analyze (anonymized) collective noise data •  Find out what is important in soundscape perception •  Developers •  Extend our mobile app in whichever way you see fit •  Use our environmental sensor web API to do your own web mashups [Note: See Google Map View]
  • 32. ©"REDtone"IOT"2015" 1.  Combining it with magnetic data from other sources, we hope to create near-real-time models of Earth's time changing magnetic field to aid navigation. 2.  Mapping static magnetic noise sources (for e.g. power transformer and iron pipes) could potentially improve accuracy of the magnetic navigation systems. CrowdMag
  • 33. ©"REDtone"IOT"2015" HOW IOT HELP QUANTIFIED- SELF
  • 34. ©"REDtone"IOT"2015" HOW MANY STEPS HAVE YOU WALKED TODAY?
  • 35. ©"REDtone"IOT"2015" Average 3,000 – 4000 YESTERDAY I MADE 5,559 The recommended 10,000 steps a day originated in Japan in the early 1965. Japanese researchers led by Dr Yoshiro Hatano determined the average person took 3,500 to 5,000 steps per day, and that if they were to increase their steps to 10,000 steps per day, the result would be healthier, thinner people!
 
 Dr. Hatano’s calculations also showed that we should walk 10,000 steps a day to burn about 20% of our caloric intake through activity.
  • 36. ©"REDtone"IOT"2015" CLASSIFICATION OF PEDOMETER-DETERMINED PHYSICAL ACTIVITY •  < 5000 steps/day - "sedentary lifestyle index” •  5,000-7,499 steps/day - "low active" •  7,500-9,999 steps/day - "somewhat active” •  10,000 steps/day - "active” •  > 12,500 steps/day - "highly active"
  • 37. ©"REDtone"IOT"2015" MY QUANTIFIED-SELF AND LIFE LOG DEVICES
  • 38. ©"REDtone"IOT"2015" AM I A “COUCH POTATO”? Umrah Trip: 26/2 – 7/3/2014
  • 39. ©"REDtone"IOT"2015" HOW WELL DO I SLEEP?
  • 40. ©"REDtone"IOT"2015" Am I Healthy?
  • 41. ©"REDtone"IOT"2015" I WANT TO KNOW MORE ABOUT MYSELF •  Where you’re going? •  Who you’ve interacted with? •  How long you’ve spoken to friends? •  The affinity of connections? •  How long it takes to get to work? •  The tone of your messages •  The amount you text, tweet or update? •  How much exercise you’re getting? •  How much you get distracted? Can Internet of Things (IOT) Help Us To Know More About Ourselves?
  • 42. ©"REDtone"IOT"2015" LIFELOGGING
 TAKE A STROLL DOWN A VIRTUAL MEMORY LANE “How much more IOT can do is only left to your imagination and to your budget. You can do as little or as much with IoT as you want.”
  • 43. ©"REDtone"IOT"2015" Digital memories can do more than simply assist the recollection of past events, conversations and projects.
  • 44. ©"REDtone"IOT"2015"
  • 45. ©"REDtone"IOT"2015"
  • 46. ©"REDtone"IOT"2015"
  • 47. ©"REDtone"IOT"2015"
  • 48. ©"REDtone"IOT"2015" NarrativeClip
  • 49. ©"REDtone"IOT"2015" BENEFITS OF LIFELOGGING It will take quite some time for people to feel comfortable with ‘always connected’ devices that can discreetly take photos or videos. One question is if the benefits outweigh the negatives.
  • 50. ©"REDtone"IOT"2015" These moments could include a photo of your wife on the day you both met or a last photo of your beloved dog. It could also help with memory. Search for someone’s name and you’ll have all the information (including photos) of that person pop up when you are about to talk with them.
  • 51. ©"REDtone"IOT"2015" The 150 Days of My Life
  • 52. ©"REDtone"IOT"2015" Saga automatically records your real life story, as told by the places you visited and the things you've done. We all have a great story to tell. Let Saga tell yours.
  • 53. ©"REDtone"IOT"2015"
  • 54. ©"REDtone"IOT"2015"
  • 55. ©"REDtone"IOT"2015" TOP 10 PLACES THAT HAVE BANNED GOOGLE GLASS Because of these concerns, Google Glass has already received a number of pre-bans at certain places. 1.  Banks/ATMs 2.  Sports Arenas/Concert Venues 3.  Locker Rooms/Dressing Rooms 4.  Movie Theaters 5.  Cars 6.  Hospitals 7.  Classrooms 8.  Strip Clubs 9.  Casinos 10.  Bars “I think the really big issue here is that you might, individually, not worry about publishing details of your personal life. But you are publishing your friends, family and business contacts details at the same time. You are potentially compromising your family and friends!” Lifelogging: Is It An Invasion Of Privacy?
  • 56. ©"REDtone"IOT"2015" LIFELOGGING – BEYOND THAN JUST COUNTING STEPS How can you organize and browse all the video, audio, image and text data you amass?
  • 57. ©"REDtone"IOT"2015" •  Fast browsing through memories will be dependent on such annotation •  To do this efficiently, we'll need machine learning algorithms that can automatically recognize and tag all forms of life-logged data. •  Only then will we get the killer applications, AUTO TAGGING
  • 58. ©"REDtone"IOT"2015" Internet of Things Mine The Gold SUMMARY
  • 59. ©"REDtone"IOT"2015" THANK YOU EMAIL: mazlan.abbas@redtone.com TWITTER: mazlan_abbas FACEBOOK: www.facebook.com/drmazlanabbas LINKEDIN: my.linkedin.com/in/mazlan/ SLIDESHARE: www.slideshare.net/mazlan1 BLOG: http://goo.gl/nPorfE The Only Limit Is Your Imagination - Unleash Your Creativity
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