junio 2012.pdf

CONSEJERÍA DE EDUCACIÓN  1                         ESCUELAS OFICIALES DE IDIOMAS       INGLÉS    NIVEL AVANZADO               JUNIO 2012  Número de  control             COMPRENSIÓN DE LECTURA             INSTRUCCIONES PARA LA REALIZACIÓN DE ESTE EJERCICIO:     NO escriba su nombre en ninguna hoja de esta prueba o de las sucesivas.   Escriba su nombre SÓLO cuando se le requiera más tarde en una hoja aparte. El número de  su examen es el que figura arriba a la derecha en el recuadr
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  CONSEJERÍA   DE   EDUCACIÓN   1   ESCUELAS   OFICIALES   DE   IDIOMAS   INGLÉS   NIVEL   AVANZADO   JUNIO   2012   Número   de   control   COMPRENSIÓN DE LECTURA INSTRUCCIONES   PARA   LA   REALIZACIÓN   DE   ESTE   EJERCICIO:      NO   escriba   su   nombre   en   ninguna   hoja   de   esta   prueba   o   de   las   sucesivas.      Escriba   su   nombre   SÓLO   cuando   se   le   requiera   más   tarde   en   una   hoja   aparte.   El   número   de   su   examen   es   el   que   figura   arriba   a   la   derecha   en   el   recuadro.   Duración:   75   minutos   o   Este   ejercicio   consta   de   dos   tareas .   Deberá   realizar   ambas.   o   En   la   tarea   1   deberá   elegir   la   respuesta   más   adecuada   ( a ,   b   o   c )   para   las   preguntas   1 ‐ 10   y   escribirla   en   el   espacio   que   hay   al   lado   de   cada   pregunta.   o   En   la   tarea   2   deberá   elegir   UNA   palabra   adecuada   para   rellenar   cada   espacio   numerado   en   blanco   ( 11 ‐ 20 )   y   escribirla   en   la   tabla   que   aparece   debajo   del   texto.   Puede   utilizar   cada   palabra   sólo   una   vez .   Entre   las   opciones   hay   tres   palabras   que   no   necesitará.   o   No   escriba   en   los   cuadros   sombreados :   son   para   la   calificación   de   las   tareas.   o   Sólo   se   admiten   respuestas   escritas   con   bolígrafo   azul   o   negro .   NO   ESCRIBA   AQUÍ:   PUNTUACIÓN DEL EJERCICIO: _____ / 20 CALIFICACIÓN: ⃞  Superado ⃞  No Superado  CONSEJERÍA   DE   EDUCACIÓN   2   Task   1.   (10   x   1   =   10   marks)   Read   the   following   text.   For   questions   1 ‐ 10 ,   choose   the   alternative   a ,   b   or   c   which   fits   best   according   to   the   text.   Write   your   answers   in   the   box   provided   on   the   next   a e.   The   first   one   has   been   done   as   an   exam le. MARK   A   THOUSAND   SPLENDID   SUNS   It   happened   on   a   Thursday.   It   must   have,   because   Mariam   remembered   that   she   had   been   restless   and   preoccupied   that   day,   the   way   she   was   on   Thursdays,   the   day   when   Jalil   visited   her   at   their   hut.   To   pass   the   time   until   the   moment   that   she   would   see   him   at   last,   crossing   the   knee ‐ high   grass   in   the   clearing   and   waving,   Mariam   had   climbed   a   chair   and   taken   down   her   mother’s   Chinese   tea   set.   The   tea   set   was   the   sole   relic   that   Mariam’s   mother,   Nana,   had   of    her   own   mother,   who   had   died   when   Nana   was   two.   Nana   cherished   each   blue ‐ and ‐ white   porcelain   piece,   the   graceful   curve   of    the   pot’s   sprout,   the   hand ‐ painted   finches   and   chrysanthemums,   the   dragon   on   the   sugar   bowl,   meant   to   ward   off    evil.   It   was   this   last   piece   that   slipped   from   Mariam’s   fingers,   that   fell   to   the   wooden   floorboards   of    the   hut   and   shattered.   When   Nana   saw   the   bowl,   her   face   flushed   red   and   her   upper   lip   shivered,   and   her   eyes,   both   the   lazy   one   and   the   good,   settled   on   Mariam   in   a   flat,   unblinking   way.   Nana   grabbed   Mariam   by   the   wrists,   pulled   her   close,   and,   through   gritted   teeth,   said,   “You   are   a   clumsy   little   har ami  .   This   is   my   reward   for   everything   I’ve   endured .   An   heirloom ‐ breaking,   clumsy   little   harami  .”   Mariam   did    surmise,   by   the   way   Nana   said   the   word,   that   it   was   an   ugly,   loathsome   thing   to   be   a   harami  ,   like   an   insect.   Jalil   never   called   Mariam   this   name.   Jalil   said   she   was   his   little   flower.   He   was   fond   of    sitting   her   on   his   lap   and   telling   her   stories,   like   the   time   he   told   her   that   Herat,   the   city   where   Mariam   was   born,   in   1959,   had   once   been   the   cradle   of    Persian   culture.   “You   couldn’t   stretch   a   leg   there   without   poking   a   poet   in   the   ass,”   he   laughed.   He   described   to   her   the   green   wheat   fields   of    Herat,   the   orchards,   the   vines   pregnant   with   plump   grapes,   the   city’s   crowded,   vaulted   bazaars.   There   is   a   pistachio   tree,”   Jalil   said   one   day,   “and   beneath   it   is   buried   none   other   than   the   great   poet   Jami.”   He   leaned   in   and   whispered,   “Jami   lived   over   five   hundred   years   ago.   I   took   you   there   once,   to   the   tree.   You   were   little.   You   wouldn’t   remember.”   It   was   true.   Mariam   didn’t   remember.   And   though   she   would   live   the   first   fifteen   years   of    her   life   within   walking   distance   of    Herat,   Mariam   would   never   see   this   storied   tree.   She   would   never   see   the   famous   minarets   up   close,   and   she   would   never   pick   fruit   from   Herat’s   orchards   or   stroll   in   its   fields   of    wheat.   But   whenever   Jalil   talked   like   this,   Mariam   would   listen   with   enchantment.   She   would   admire   Jalil   for   his   vast   and   worldly   knowledge.   She   would   quiver   with   pride   to   have   a   father   who   knew   such   things.   “What   rich   lies!”   Nana   said   after   Jalil   left.   “Rich   man   telling   rich   lies.   He   never   took   you   to   any   tree.   Don’t   let   him   charm   you.   He   betrayed   us,   your   beloved   father.   He   cast   us   out   of    his   big   fancy   house   like   we   were   nothing   to   him.   He   did   it   happily,”   Nana   said   after   Jalil   left.   Mariam   would   listen   dutifully   to   this.   She   never   dared   say   to   Nana   how   much   she   disliked   her   talking   this   way   about   Jalil.   The   truth   was   that   around   Jalil,   Mariam   did   not   feel   at   all   like   a   harami  .   For   an   hour   or   two   every   Thursday,   when   Jalil   came   to   see   her,   all   smiles   and   gifts   and   endearments,   Mariam   felt   deserving   of    all   the   beauty   and   bounty   that   life   had   to   give.   And,   for   this,   Mariam   loved   Jalil.   Jalil   owned   land   in   Karokh,   land   in   Farah,   three   carpet   stores,   a   clothing   shop,   and   a   black   1956   Buick   Roadmaster.   He   was   one   of    Herat’s   best ‐ connected   men,   friend   of    the   mayor   and   the   provincial   governor.   He   had   a   cook,   a   driver,   and   three   housekeepers.   Nana   had   been   one   of    the   housekeepers.   Until   her   belly   began   to   swell.   When   that   happened,   Nana   said,   the   collective   gasp   of    Jalil’s   family   sucked   the   air   out   of    Herat.   His   in ‐ laws   swore   blood   would   flow.   The   wives   demanded   that   he   throw   her   out.   Nana’s   own   father,   who   was   a   lowly   stone   carver   in   the   nearby   village   of    Gul   Daman,   disowned   her.   Disgraced,   he   packed   his   things   and   boarded   a   bus   to   Iran,   never   to   be   seen   or   heard   from   again.   Adapted   ©    A   Thousand    Splendid    Suns ,   Khaled   Hosseini,   ISBN   978 ‐ 1 ‐ 59448 ‐ 950 ‐ 1    CONSEJERÍA   DE   EDUCACIÓN   3   The   questions   Your   answers   0.   The   tea   set   …   a.   had   been   a   gift   from   Mariam’s   grandmother.   b.   had   been   a   wedding   present   to   Nana.   c.   was   the   only   memory   Nana   had   from   her   mother.   0   c   ✔   1.   The   sugar   bowl   had   symbolic   …   a.   animals.   b.   colours.   c.   flowers.   1   2.   Nana   …   a.   had   a   vision   problem.   b.   had   beautiful   eyes.   c.   was   blind.   2   3.   When   Nana   says   in   paragraph   2   “ This   is   my    reward     for    everything   I’ve   endured  ”,   we   understand   that   …   a.   Mariam   always   made   her   angry.   b.   she   was   filled   with   resentment.   c.   the   tea   set   held   great   value   for   her.   3   4.   When   Mariam   was   called   harami    she   …   a.   knew   that   she   had   been   insulted.   b.   understood   exactly   what   her   mother   meant.   c.   was   used   to   hearing   the   word.   4   5.   Jalil   …   a.   once   had   a   fight   with   a   poet   in   Herat.   b.   had   been   unfaithful   to   Nana.   c.   made   Mariam   feel   valued.   5   6.   In   her   childhood   Mariam   …   a.   lived   very   near   Herat.   b.   never   heard   about   Herat.   c.   used   to   visit   Herat.   6   7.   Jalil   was   …   a.   a   knowledgeable   person.   b.   a   lying   fraud.   c.   a   renowned   poet.   7   8.   Nana   used   to   work   for   …   a.   Jalil’s   family.   b.   Mariam’s   father.   c.   the   provincial   governor.   8   9.   Nana   had   to   leave   Jalil’s   house   because   …   a.   Jalil’s   wives   didn’t   need   her.   b.   she   had   health   problems.   c.   she   had   been   made   pregnant.   9   10.   Nana’s   father   left   because   he   …   a.   had   been   threatened   by   Jalil’s   family.   b.   had   disinherited   Nana.   c.   was   no   longer   respected.   10    CONSEJERÍA   DE   EDUCACIÓN   4   VALUES   FOR   SOCIETY   Edgar   Cahn,   the   relentless   social   innovator,   has   spent   his   life    __0__   to   change   things.   He   is   now   72,   and   for   the   first   20   years   of    his   career   he   built   a   reputation   as   a   US   civil   rights   lawyer   and   activist,   fighting   for   the   rights   of    ethnic   minorities,   women   and   indigenous   communities.   Then,    __11__   forty ‐ four,   he   suffered   a   major   heart   attack,   which   he   says   “changed   my   life   for   ever   and   for   the    __12__ ”.   From   his   hospital   bed,   he   began   to   develop   the   ideas   that   would   refocus   his   prodigious   energies.   “Lying   there,   I   realised   I   had   the   skills   to   help   someone   deal    __13__   an   eviction   notice,   but   I   had   no   way   of    knowing   how   to   help   them   make   their   building   or   their   community   a   good   and   decent   place   to   live,”   Cahn   says.   Cahn    __14__   came   to   England,   to   the   London   School   of    Economics,   to   start   work   on   his   idea   of    ‘core   economy’    –   the   premise   that   every   person   can   be   an   asset   and   that   productivity   must   be   redefined   to   include   social   as   well   as   economic   contributions.   This   looks   beyond   traditional   economics   to   contend   that   we   must   develop   a   new   set   of    values   based   on   families,   communities   and   civil   society,   and   which   places   value   on   raising   children,   keeping   families   together,   taking   care   of    elderly   people,   and   making   the   planet   sustainable    –    __15__   considered   worthless   in   the   market   economy,   but   essential   to   enable   our   communities   to   thrive.   “Every   capacity   that   has   enabled   our   species   to   survive,    __16__   caring   for   each   other   and   trusting   each   other,   has   become   excluded   from   our   economic   system,”   Cahn   says.   “And   I   realised   that   there   was   no   way   we   were   going   to   build   communities   we   wanted   to   live   in    __17__   we   didn’t   completely   reassess   our   value   system   and   start   rewarding   human   as   well   as   financial   contributions.”   When   he   returned   to   the   US   in   the    __18__   1980s,   Cahn   founded   time   banking,   his   vehicle   for   putting   his   core   economy   into   action.   Working   on   the   simple   premise   of    reciprocity,   time   banks   aim   to   place   value   on   community   action,   promote   productivity   and   build   social   networks   by   engaging   local   people   in   the   giving   and   receiving   of    services.   It   allows   people   to   amass   time   credits   by   participating    __19__   or   providing   a   service   that   benefits   the   wider   community.   These   credits   are   the   deposited   in   a   time   bank   and   can   be   spent    __20__   a   whole   range   of    skills   and   services   on   offer   from   other   members   of    the   bank.   Adapted   ©   The   words   you   can   choose   ALL   ALTHOUGH   AT   BETTER   FORMERLY   GOOD   IF   IN   LATE   ON   SUBSEQUENTLY   SUCH   AS   TRYING   WITH   Your   answers   0   trying   11   12   13   14   15   16   17   18   19   20     MARKTask   2.   (10   x   1   =   10   marks)   Read   the   text   and   choose   ONE   suitable   word   from   the   box   provided   for   each   numbered   blank   ( 11 ‐ 20 ).   Write   your   answers   in   the   box   provided   on   the   next   page.   Each   word   can   be   used   only   ONCE .   There   are   three   words   you   will   not   need.   The   first   one   has   been   done   as   an   example.  
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