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Official Kali Linux Documentation This PDF has been autogenerated on docs.kali.org - Oct 1, 2013 00. Introduction to Kali Linux What is Kali Linux ? Kali Linux is an advanced Penetration Testing and Security Auditing Linux distribution. Kali Linux Features Kali is a complete re-build of BackTrack Linux, adhering completely to Debian development standards. All-new infrastructure has been put in place, all tools were reviewed and packaged, and we use Git for our VCS. More than 300 penetration te
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  Official Kali Linux DocumentationThis PDF has been autogenerated on docs.kali.org - Oct 1, 2013 00. Introduction to Kali Linux What is Kali Linux ? Kali Linux is an advanced Penetration Testing and Security Auditing Linux distribution. Kali Linux Features Kaliisacompletere-buildof BackTrackLinux,adheringcompletelytoDebiandevelopmentstandards.All-new infrastructure has been put in place, all tools were reviewed and packaged, and we use Git for our VCS. Morethan300penetrationtestingtools: AfterreviewingeverytoolthatwasincludedinBackTrack,weeliminatedagreatnumberoftoolsthateitherdidnotworkorhadothertoolsavailablethatprovidedsimilar functionality. Freeandalwayswillbe: KaliLinux,likeitspredecessor,iscompletelyfreeandalwayswillbe.Youwillnever, ever have to pay for Kali Linux. OpensourceGittree: Wearehugeproponentsofopensourcesoftwareandourdevelopmenttreeisavailable for all to see and all sources are available for those who wish to tweak and rebuild packages. FHScompliant: KalihasbeendevelopedtoadheretotheFilesystemHierarchyStandard,allowingallLinux users to easily locate binaries, support files, libraries, etc. Vastwirelessdevicesupport: WehavebuiltKaliLinuxtosupportasmanywirelessdevicesaswepossiblycan,allowingittorunproperlyonawidevarietyofhardwareandmakingitcompatiblewithnumerous USB and other wireless devices. Customkernelpatchedforinjection: Aspenetrationtesters,thedevelopmentteamoftenneedstodo wireless assessments so our kernel has the latest injection patches included. Securedevelopmentenvironment:  TheKaliLinuxteamismadeupofasmallgroupoftrustedindividualswhocanonlycommitpackagesandinteractwiththerepositorieswhileusingmultiplesecureprotocols. GPGsignedpackagesandrepos: AllKalipackagesaresignedbyeachindividualdeveloperwhenthey are built and committed and the repositories subsequently sign the packages as well. Multi-language: AlthoughpentestingtoolstendtobewritteninEnglish,wehaveensuredthatKalihastruemultilingualsupport,allowingmoreuserstooperateintheirnativelanguageandlocatethetoolsthey need for the job. Completelycustomizable: WecompletelyunderstandthatnoteveryonewillagreewithourdesigndecisionssowehavemadeitaseasyaspossibleforourmoreadventuroususerstocustomizeKaliLinuxto their liking, all the way down to the kernel. ARMELandARMHFsupport: SinceARM-basedsystemsarebecomingmoreandmoreprevalentandinexpensive,weknewthatKali’sARMsupportwouldneedtobeasrobustaswecouldmanage,resultinginworkinginstallationsforbothARMELandARMHFsystems.KaliLinuxhasARMrepositoriesintegrated  © Offensive Security 2013Page: 1 / 184  Official Kali Linux DocumentationThis PDF has been autogenerated on docs.kali.org - Oct 1, 2013 withthemainlinedistributionsotoolsforARMwillbeupdatedinconjunctionwiththerestofthedistribution. Kali is currently available for the following ARM devices:rk3306 mk/ss808Raspberry PiODROID U2/X2Samsung ChromebookEfikaMXBeaglebone BlackCuBoxGalaxy Note 10.1Kaliisspecificallytailoredtopenetrationtestingandtherefore,alldocumentationonthissiteassumespriorknowledge of the Linux operating system.  © Offensive Security 2013Page: 2 / 184  Official Kali Linux DocumentationThis PDF has been autogenerated on docs.kali.org - Oct 1, 2013 Should I Use Kali Linux?Differences Between Kali Linux and Debian KaliLinuxisgearedtowardsprofessionalpenetrationtestingandsecurityauditing.Assuch,severalcorechanges have been implemented in Kali Linux which reflect these needs:1. Singleuser,rootaccessbydesign: Duetothenatureofsecurityaudits,Kalilinuxisdesignedtobeused in a “single, root user” scenario.2. Networkservicesdisabledbydefault: KaliLinuxcontainssysvinithookswhichdisablenetworkservicesbydefault.ThesehooksallowustoinstallvariousservicesonKaliLinux,whileensuringthatourdistributionremainssecurebydefault,nomatterwhatpackagesareinstalled.Additionalservicessuchas Bluetooth are also blacklisted by default.3. Custom Linux kernel:  Kali Linux uses an upstream kernel, patched for wireless injection. Is Kali Linux Right For You? Asthedistributiondevelopers,onewouldlikelyexpectustorecommendthateveryoneuseKaliLinux.Thefactofthematterishowever,thatKaliisaLinuxdistributionspecificallygearedtowardsprofessionalpenetrationtesting and security auditing and as such, it is NOT  a recommended distribution for those unfamiliar with Linux.Inaddition,misuseofsecuritytoolswithinyournetwork,particularlywithoutpermission,maycauseirreparabledamage and result in significant consequences.   If you are looking for a Linux distribution to learn the basics of Linux and need a good starting point, KaliLinux is not the ideal distribution for you. You may want to begin with Ubuntu or Debian instead.    © Offensive Security 2013Page: 3 / 184  Official Kali Linux DocumentationThis PDF has been autogenerated on docs.kali.org - Oct 1, 2013 Kali Linux Default PasswordsKali Linux Default root Password is toor Default root Password Duringinstallation,KaliLinuxallowsuserstoconfigureapasswordforthe  root  user.However,shouldyoudecidetoboottheliveimageinstead,thei386,amd64,VMWareandARMimagesareconfiguredwiththe default root password – “toor“ , without the quotes.  © Offensive Security 2013Page: 4 / 184
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