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Learning, Innovation, Climate Change and Disasters: An Integrated Approach

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Presentation by Mohan Munasinghe of Munasinghe Institute of Development, Sri Lanka, on Learning, Innovation, Climate Change and Disasters
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  M I N D Munasinghe Institute for Development LEARNING, INNOVATION, CLIMATE CHANGE AND DISASTERS –AN INTEGRATED APPROACH Professor Mohan Munasinghe www.mohanmunasinghe.comFounder Chairman, Munasinghe Institute for Development (MIND), Colombo Vice Chair, IPCC-AR4 that shared the 2007 Nobel Prize for PeaceKIVA Professor of Sustainable Development, Darmstadt University, GermanyVisiting Professor, Vale Sustainable Dev. Inst., Fed. Univ. of Para, Belem, BrazilDistinguished Guest Professor, Peking University, China ADB Conference Manila, 10 September 2014  M I N D Munasinghe Institute for Development Munasinghe Institute for Development ClimateSystem Feedbacks Human andNatural Systems(V&A Areas)Human Actions Causing GHG Emissions Climate Domain Feedbacks DifferentSocio-economicDevelopmentPaths(SD Goals & Policies)AtmosphericGHG Emission and Concentration ScenariosClimate Change Stresses (temp., sea level, precip. etc.)      D    r     i    v    e    r    s Global Level Two-Way CC-SD Links 1 Sustainable Development Domain  M I N D Munasinghe Institute for Development Munasinghe Institute for Development Feedbacks Human Actions Causing GHG Emissions Climate DomainSustainable Development Domain Feedbacks DifferentSocio-economicDevelopmentPaths(SD Goals & Policies)AtmosphericGHG Emission and Concentration Scenarios Climate Change Stresses (temp., sea level, precip. etc)      A     d    a    p     t    a     t     i    o    n AdaptiveCapacityMitigativeCapacity Econ . Soc . Envir. FeedbacksFeedbacks      F    e    e     d     b    a    c     k    s Global Level Two-Way CC-SD Links 2 Human andNatural Systems(V&A Areas)ClimateSystem  M I N D Munasinghe Institute for Development Munasinghe Institute for Development IPCC –Climate Change Main Findings ã Global warming in unequivocal. Total radiative forcing of the climate now is unprecedentedin several thousand years, due to rising concentrations of GHG (CO2, CH4 & NO2). ã Humans activities since the 18 th century are 95% likely to have caused net warming of Earth’s climate, dominating over the last 50 years.More temp. and sea level rise is inevitable, even with existing GHG concentrations. ã Long term unmitigated climate change would likely exceed the capacity to adapt,of natural managed and human systems. ã Adaptation measures are available, but must be systematically developed ã Mitigation technologies are also available,but better policies and measures (PAM) are needed to realize their potential.   ã Poor countries and poor groups are most vulnerable to warming, sea level rise, precipitation changes and extreme events. Most socio-economic sectors, ecological systems and human health will suffer. ã Making development more sustainable (MDMS) is the most effective solution -by integrating climate change policy into sustainable development strategy.
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