Religion & Spirituality

Lessons on Fasting

Lessons on Fasting
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    Mfttpot po Gbtujoh- Ubsbbxffi [blbbu By Imaam Muhammad bin Saalih Al ‘Uthaimeen    Translated by abu maryam isma’eel alarcon  Lessons on Fasting, Taraaweeh and Zakaat  Al-Ibaanah E-Books Al-Ibaanah.Com 2 Al Ibaanah E Books © Copyright Al-Ibaanah Book Publishing, USA Published On-Line for Free Distribution First Edition: November 2003   Note: This document is an on-line book publication of .com. This book was formatted and designed specifically for being placed free on the Internet. Al-Ibaanah Book Publishing allows for this document, in its present form and with no alterations, to be distributed, printed, photocopied, reproduced and/or disbursed by electronic means for the purpose of spreading its content and not for the purpose of gaining a profit, unless a specific request is sent to the publishers and permission is granted. Anyone wishing to quote from this document must give credit to the publisher. About the Book:  This is a complete translation of the booklet Fusool fis-Siyaam wat- Taraaweeh waz-Zakaat (Lessons on Fasting, Taraaweeh and Zakaat) written by Imaam Muhammad bin Saalih Al-‘Uthaimeen, may Allaah have mercy on him. The source used for this on-line publication was the version of the book available on In this treatise, Imaam Ibn Al-‘Uthaimeen discusses various topics concerning Ramadaan, such as fasting, the Taraaweeh prayer and Zakaat-ul-Fitr. He also includes two sections on Zakaat and those who are entitled to receive it, since it is the custom of many people to give out their yearly Zakaat during this blessed month of Ramadaan. The author presents the material broken down into eight short lessons, including proofs and evidences for his points. At times, he goes into detail regarding some issues and gives the correct scholarly opinion with regard to them. We hope that this treatise can benefit the English speaking Muslims as we are now well into the month of Ramadaan for this year.  A Publication of Al-Ibaanah E-Books  Lessons on Fasting, Taraaweeh and Zakaat  Al-Ibaanah E-Books Al-Ibaanah.Com 3 TABLE OF CONTENTS 1. Introduction…………………………………………………...… 4 2. The First Lesson: The Ruling on Fasting…………………….. 4 3. The Second Lesson: The Wisdom and Benefits of Fasting... 6 4. The Third Lesson: The Ruling on a Sick or Traveling Person Fasting………………………………………………...…. 8 5. The Fourth Lesson: The Things that Break One’s Fast…….. 11 6. The Fifth Lesson: Concerning the Taraaweeh Prayer……… 14 7. The Sixth Lesson: Concerning Zakaat and Its Benefits……. 16 8. The Seventh Lesson: Those who are Entitled to Receive the Zakaat………………………………………………………… 21 9. The Eighth Lesson: Concerning Zakaat-ul-Fitr……………... 23  Lessons on Fasting, Taraaweeh and Zakaat  Al-Ibaanah E-Books Al-Ibaanah.Com 4 IINNTTR R OODDUUCCTTIIOONN   All praise be to Allaah. We praise Him, we seek His assistance and ask for His forgiveness. And we repent to Him and seek refuge in Him from the evils of our selves and the evils of our actions. Whoever Allaah guides, there is no one that can lead him astray, and whoever is lead astray, there is no one that can guide him. I bear witness that there is no deity worthy of worship except Allaah, and I bear witness that Muhammad is His slave and messenger, may the peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him, his family, companions and those who followed them in goodness until the Day of Recompense. To Proceed: On this occasion of the rapid approach of the blessed month of Ramadaan, we would like to present to our Muslim brothers the following lessons, asking Allaah that He make this deed of ours sincere for His sake alone and in accordance with His Divine Legislation, as well as a source of benefit to His creation. Verily, He is the Most Giving, Most Generous. The First lesson: The Ruling on Fasting Fasting during Ramadaan is an obligation that is established in the Book of Allaah, the Sunnah of His Messenger ( sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam ) and the unanimous agreement of the Muslims. Allaah says: “O you who believe. Fasting is prescribed for you as it was prescribed for those before you in order that you may gain Taqwaa (fear and dutifulness to Allaah).”  Lessons on Fasting, Taraaweeh and Zakaat  Al-Ibaanah E-Books Al-Ibaanah.Com 5 “(Fasting) is for a certain number of days. But if any of you is ill or on a journey, (he should make up) the same amount of missed days on other days. And as for those who are able to fast (but with difficulty), they (have a choice to fast or) they can feed a needy person (for the day missed). But whoever exceeds in good, then that is better for him. And that you fast is better for you if you only knew.” “The month of Ramadaan in which was revealed the Qur’aan, a guide for mankind and clear proofs for the guidance and criterion. So whoever amongst you sights (the crescent indicating the beginning of the) month (of Ramadaan), must fast it. And whoever amongst you is sick or on a journey, then (he may make up) the same amount of missed days on other days. Allaah wants ease for you and He doesn’t want to make things difficult for you. (He wants that you) complete the (required) number of days, and that you thereafter glorify Allaah (with Takbeer during ‘Eid) for having guided you.” [Surah Al-Baqarah: 183-185]  Also, the Prophet ( sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam ) said: “Islaam is built upon five (pillars): Testifying that there is no deity worthy of worship except Allaah and that Muhammad is His Messenger; Establishing the Prayer; Giving the Zakaat; Making the Pilgrimage (Hajj) to the House (of Allaah); and Fasting in Ramadaan.”  [Agreed Upon] In the narration found in Saheeh Muslim it reads: “…Fasting in Ramadaan; and Making the Pilgrimage (Hajj) to the House.”  The Muslims have unanimously agreed on the obligation of fasting in Ramadaan. So whoever rejects the obligation of fasting during Ramadaan, then he is an apostate,
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