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  Submitted by: Novah Mae M. Daig Submitted to: Dr. Loniel Barro Main Topic: Effective Teaching INTRODUCTION Effectiveness in any field is the ability to produce intended or expected outcome. In other words, effective teaching can be measured when learning objectives is successfully attained. Going through with this issue, effective teaching is a multidisciplinary approach. It is not just simply attaining the learning targets but we have to consider different factors, which can  positively affect and intervene such problem. Teacher itself, its attitude towards teaching  profession is one of the key factor that lead into teaching effectively. Since teacher serve as the  backbone of our education system, there is aneed for us to define first what makes an effective teacher. Considering that, research viewed teacher as the most important variable in the learner’s educati onal environment, for they motivate, guide and direct learner’s quest for quality education. Furtheremore, studies also suggest that, attracting quality entrants to the teaching  profession, and providing high quality pre-service education and ongoing professional development are important requirements for maintaining and raising standards for teaching. The effects of classroom practices or teaching strategies when added to those personal attitude of the teacher, its professional development and characteristics towards teachimg  profession, comparably has greater effect to those of individual learners. It was suggested that teachers can contribute as much to student learning as the students themselves. Teacher’s mastery on relevant subjects varies from one subject to the next so then, it makes difference, so too standardized test measures individual competence towards the individual subject areas. Although it may be difficult to ensure all students experience high uality teaching the fact that teachers and teaching makes such an important difference to student outcomes and life chances should provide impetus to policymakers and practitioners to address the crucial issues of educational effectiveness, quality teaching and teaching standards (Ko, et al., 2013). It was found out also that student perform well in intermediate examination based with students outline sonsisted of his approach towards communication, learning facilities, proper guidance and family stress (Jecayenfa, 2014). In addition, factors like problems for teachers that limit their overall effectiveness like;  balancing a wide range of students needs, lack of parental support, lack of proper funding, overemphasis on standardized testing, poor public perception and educational trends (Meador, 2019). Further explanation is that the use of instructional resources, the availability of school facilities like; suitable textbooks, enough number of qualified skilled teachers, school libraries and laboratories which are adequate should also be provided for schools. The availability of these resources can firmly affects and expands the learning needs of individual learner. However, scarcities of these will now limit learning needs and changing demands will constraints educational system. In order to raise the quality education, teacher efficiency and productivity so too, with the students availability of learning materials are neede in respond to new demands of the society as its constantly changing.  PROBLEMS AND INTERVENTIONS Teachers greatly affects our educational sytem. Their individual uniqueness and capacities, their personal and professional attributes lead towards educational trends. Teachers attitude really matters for they are the ones who will do the planning, designing, implementing and even evaluating the curriculum. Basically, they are expected to become effective in so may ways and act accordingly. Qualities of effective teaching (Deluca, 2016) like, (1)teacher should have the ability to develop relationship with their students. They need to be able to build trusting relationships with students in order to create a safe, positive, and productive learning environment. (2)Teacher also needs patience, caring and kind personality. Their personality characteristics related to being a compassionate person and having a sensitivity to student differences. (3)Teachers should also have knowledge of learners, this is a broad category that incorporates knowledge of the cognitive, social and emotional development of learners. It includes an understanding on how students learn at a given developmental level, awareness that learners have individual needs and abilities and understanding also that instruction should tailored to m eet each learner’s needs. (4) Dedication to teaching, dedication refers to a love of teaching or passion for the work, which includes commitment to student’s success. To a student, this means a teacher should be “always willing to help and give time”. (5) Teachers should also have engaging students to learning. Students also said that teachers should be able to engage and motivate students to learn. Researches talk about three types of engagement that required for students to learn: cognitive, emotional, and behavioral. Survey respondents mostly focused on making content interesting and the ability to motivate students to learn. In addition, professional development of the teachers help them to do effective teaching effectively. Research found out that teach er’s perception on effective teaching practices were, showing of mastery on subject matter, updating of knowledge about the subject matter, utilizing an appropriate strategies and methods and observing an ethical and moral principles in teaching. And the top problems perceived by teachers that hinder their effective teaching includes in adequacy of laboratory facilities and equipments, insufficient library references, and classrooms which are not conducive for teaching-learning process (Masbaño, 2016). Furtheremore, Schools that lack a critical mass of active teachers may indeed not matter much; their students will be no less or more able to meet high academic standards than their talents and home resources will allow. But schools that do not have a critical mass of active teachers can actually provide a value added; they can help their students reach higher levels of academic performance than those students otherwise would reach. Through their teachers, then shools, can be the key mechanism for helping students meet high standards (Wenglinsky, 2001).
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