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Observing the Problems and Exploring the Solutions in the Process of English as a Second Language Teaching and Learning

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If I had an hour to solve a problem Id spend 55 minutes thinking about the problem and 5 minutes thinking about solutions,  says the great Scientist Albert Einstein. Everybody has their own understanding and perspectives towards teaching and learning English Language. In this new techno savvy era, there are number of educational options available for the ESL learners. The newer trends have shown a revolutionary change and brought an optimistic whirlpool in the traditional system of education. But whatever the teaching methodology is, learners and trainers are still facing problems in some or the other ways. This paper observes the obstacles hindering the process of English Language Teaching as well as English Language Learning and tries to explore effective solutions in order to reach to a positive and valuable conclusion. Dr. Pragya Mishra Observing the Problems and Exploring the Solutions in the Process of English as a Second Language Teaching & Learning Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-2 | Issue-6 , October 2018, URL: http://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd18183.pdf
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   󰁉󰁮󰁴󰁥󰁲󰁮󰁡󰁴󰁩󰁯󰁮󰁡󰁬 󰁊󰁯󰁵󰁲󰁮 󰁉󰁮󰁴󰁥󰁲󰁮󰁡 󰁉󰁓󰁓󰁎 󰁎󰁯󰀺 󰀲󰀴 @ IJTSRD | Available Online @ www   Observing the Problems English as a Sec Poorni ABSTRACT “If I had an hour to solve a problem minutes thinking about the problem thinking about solutions,” says the Albert Einstein. Everybody has understanding and perspectives toward learning English Language. In this ne era, there are number of educational op for the ESL learners. The newer trends revolutionary change and brought whirlpool in the traditional system of whatever the teaching methodology is trainers are still facing problems in so ways. This paper observes the obstacle process of English Language Teachi English Language Learning and tri effective solutions in order to reach to valuable conclusion.  Keyword:  perspectives, whirlpool, ob etc.   INTRODUCTION   English Language has become the lingu world communiqué. People all over studying and learning English because the language of education and business. have a number of English medium sch for Spoken English and Soft Skills d India but still learning level of the l satisfactory and requires a seriou enhancement and perfection so that e industrial needs can be fulfilled. One can easily sense the impact of because of it’s being in high demand. and learning of English is characterized of educational institutions encourag 󰁡󰁬 󰁯󰁦 󰁔󰁲󰁥󰁮󰁤 󰁩󰁮 󰁓󰁣󰁩󰁥󰁮󰁴󰁩󰁦󰁩󰁣 󰁒󰁥󰁳󰁥󰁡󰁲󰁣󰁨 󰁡󰁮󰁤 󰁄 󰁩󰁯󰁮󰁡󰁬 󰁏󰁰󰁥󰁮 󰁁󰁣󰁣󰁥󰁳󰁳 󰁊󰁯󰁵󰁲󰁮󰁡󰁬 󰁼 󰁷󰁷󰁷󰀮󰁩󰁪󰁴󰁳 󰀶 󰀭 󰀶󰀴󰀷󰀰 󰁼 󰁖󰁯󰁬󰁵󰁭󰁥 󰀭 󰀲 󰁼 󰁉󰁳󰁳󰁵󰁥 󲀓 󰀶 󰁼 󰁓󰁥 .ijtsrd.com | Volume – 2 | Issue – 6 | Sep-Oct and Exploring the Solutions i nd Language Teaching & Le   Dr. Pragya Mishra Assistant Professor ma University,   Jaipur, Rajasthan, India I'd spend 55 nd 5 minutes reat Scientist their own teaching and techno savvy tions available have shown a an optimistic ducation. But , learners and e or the other hindering the g as well as s to explore a positive and stacles, savvy a franca of the the globe are it has become Although we ools, institutes velopment in arners is not s restoration, ucational and English today The teaching by assortment ing linguistic environment for English acq hand encompassing classroo the topics for success in exa language teaching and lea characterized within two as English Language Proficie students to English for lang far as teaching English by the in order to enhance the co concerned, barriers are s desirability of new methodol by day. Approach of Teachers tow Teaching Earlier, students were taugh sixth standard and moreove subjects namely Physics, C result, students could hardly language practically and enha The conventional methodolog teachers are:    Bilingual Method: Teache which the concept is taug then students are instr activities in second lang prove beneficial in un language i.e. English bu expression of language flu    Grammar Translation teacher who explain every and then students tran English by keeping the na leading to a disadvantage on the native languag language.   󰁶󰁥󰁬󰁯󰁰󰁭󰁥󰁮󰁴 (󰁉󰁊󰁔󰁓󰁒󰁄) 󰁤󰀮󰁣󰁯󰁭  󲀓 󰁏󰁣󰁴 󰀲󰀰󰀱󰀸 2018 Page: 1555  the Process of rning isition but on the other measures of teaching ination. Hence, English rning can be broadly pects i.e. the teacher’s cy and exposure of age acquisition. But as Teachers and learning it mmunication skills are ill being faced and gies is augmenting day rds English Language English from fifth or it was just like other emistry etc. and as a get exposure to use this ce their speaking skills. ies used by the language rs follow this method in ht in first language and cted to perform the uage. Though this can erstanding the second it doesn’t help in the ently and naturally. ethod: Used by the thing in native language late the sentences in tive language into mind hat students focus more rather than English  International Journal of Trend in @ IJTSRD | Available Online @ www    Direct Method: This method h practice in most of the private inst strict environment is made for the s only in English and to some ext success too. But still the natur speaking English is found missing s The students are learning English as a than as a language and moreover a suitable aura for learning as well as un language is not being created for them Bellarmine says that “the most serious teaching of English is the appalling sma atrociously poor quality of English learners are exposed.” Problems faced by the Teacher in EL    Rigid mentality of the Stud students who come from Hindi m start developing inferiority comple condition they won’t be able to Peer Pressure adds fuel to the fire becoming a laughing stock for ot speaking incorrect English drags the and stops them to take initiative to and perform. Moreover, th misunderstanding amongst the English is the most complicated su their prejudiced vision and resperformance.    Learning process:  As teacher tries the basic skills of English Com Listening, Speaking, Reading an students only concentrate on passi last, this lack of interest leads both t the students to take English inescapable hurdle and anyhow the out of it.    Unavailability of Proper Audio Teachers find it difficult to t effectively because the aids provid are not sufficient. Some are so c colleges can only afford to buy few every student doesn’t get the chan tools for language learning and prac    Absence of Creativity in the Stud lack in self expression and feel letha any possibility of creativity whe essay writing, letter writing, gram rely on notes provided by the teac made notes available at book shops thinking and analytical skills remain cientific Research and Development (IJTSRD) .ijtsrd.com | Volume – 2 | Issue – 6 | Sep-Oct as been into itutes where a tudents to talk nt it has got l attitude of mewhere. subject rather favorable and erstanding the at all. Robert roblem in the ll quantity and to which our : nts:  College dium schools   x that in any peak English. as the fear of er because of students back come forward e prevalent students that bject sharpens ults in poor to focus on all unication i.e. Writing but ng marks. At he teacher and learning as have to come Visual Aids:  each English d for practice ostly that the and as a result e to use such icing. ents:  Students rgic in finding it comes to mar etc. they hers or ready- . Their critical dormant as to throw light on this issue said, What is known as a critical st means nothing more than pi sentences or striking phrase criticism without real attem spirit of the author or appreci (17) Problems faced by the Language Learning: According to researchers, learning heavily relies up setting, which requires reas several variables – experie teachers, students’ needs and In other words, the classroom a social context for English l the teacher and students a students are asked whether their Communication skills o that their medium of learning find it bit difficult to unders British and American accent, opinions has come out as En aspect, Listening, Speaking, important because it increase aids in proper organization o platform to express oneself has sound knowledge of t incorporate that knowledge quotes and various literature t Moreover, when observed f views, it is found that ther common issues causing serio functioning of English langua monitored barriers are:    Crowded Classrooms:  students remains about 5becomes quite difficult t and every student. Althou Tutorial Class but unfort allotted to the subjects ca English and of course College, the weight age o less and so it gets very l week.    Unsatisfactory Monitori of the colleges find it students who are already ISSN: 2456-6470 2018 Page: 1556 Tej Bahadur Sapru has   udy of any author really cking up a few telling s from some book of pt at entering into the ating his point of view. Students in English the English language n proper educational nable arrangements of ce and knowledge of ttitudes, and classroom. in ELT is considered as anguage to perform and re key players. When hey want to strengthen not in spite of the fact had been Hindi and they tand English spoken in the crux of their various lish Language in every eading and Writing is the precision, accuracy thoughts. It provides a reatively, provided one e vocabulary and can along with impressive eories. rom students’ point of e are certain but very s barriers in the smooth ge learning process. The The strength of the -60 per batch and so it give attention to each h there is a provision of nately such classes are rying more credits than in any Engineering English subject is very ss time i.e. 2 hours per g:  The teachers in most easier to guide smart ood in English and thus  International Journal of Trend in @ IJTSRD | Available Online @ wwwfail to supervise those students w attention. As a result, such stu disinterest towards English lear reluctance of the students also discontinuation of effective activiti confidence of speaking fluent Engl is always expected to help weak guide them positively.    Lack of Motivation:  Teachers give aren’t interesting enough to motivat Apart from this, consistent encour the Teacher is very important as b only students will feel enlighten hesitate to perform.    Lack of Exposure:  Students spend memorizing grammar rules, trans from one’s native language a vocabulary list without using them sentence structure and in real life sit    Teachers suggest books according choices but prove boring to the stud    The time schedule of the classe frequent. For proper and rigo language learning should be on regu Hence, as a result, students can st Writing and Reading Skills in c Speaking and Listening. Exploring the Solutions: As it has already been mentioned that of English Language learning, the Teacher and Students is important and vital point to be taken under considerati them will have to understand their rol this effort of achieving success in Lang a productive one. The ESL trainer or know how:    To facilitate an interactive c opportunities and establish si induce students to communicat The crucial role of the teacher i communication going between all class as they perform various teacher will have to prepare the a care of Students’ interest and the they will be carried out. It may be the teacher to provide examples activity will be performed. Once under way, the teacher will check groups to see if they are c effectively and gives help where nee cientific Research and Development (IJTSRD) .ijtsrd.com | Volume – 2 | Issue – 6 | Sep-Oct o really need ents develop ing and the esults in the s as they lose ish. A teacher students and tasks but they e the students. agement from ecause of this d and won’t   more time in lating to and d cramming into a proper ations. to their own nts. s is also not ous training, lar basis. engthen only omparison to in the process role of both so it becomes on that both of es for making uage learning, teacher must mmunicative uations that in English:  to keep the embers of the ctivities. The tivities taking explain how necessary for of how each he activity is on individual ommunicating ded.    To participate and guid teacher may take the role in each learning group an exactly they are supposed    To be the Need Analyst teacher is expected to destudents’ language needs. the students to particip activities and making the are doing right and wron mistakes in the process o for the students as they feel hesitant to perform make notes on errors ma plan future activities to replenish students’ needs.    To focus on the func expected give emphasis than form of the languag the performance and provi Methodologies that can Language Teaching:    Modelling  which is ba anyone with a problem, in a class, or being as debrief with the students why.    Write Rehearse and Spe that can be very benefici feel reluctant in speaki platform. Teacher will various topics based on them to write an article o choice. After making cor their articles, they will be article in front of others paper while doing so. Th be speaking on the same a the paper. This is one activities that help in enh the students to speak Engli    Role Play:  One of the be teens for real life is to r playing offers them the c act in a situation that is can come up with innova current scenarios let the scripts and play the parts students may start the ro dialogues by heart and latin the same core structure. ISSN: 2456-6470 2018 Page: 1557  :  As an alternative, the of an active participant guide the students what   to do. As a need analyst, the termine and respond to his engages motivating ate into the designed aware about what they g. Though pointing out activity won’t be good ay lose confidence and again but teacher can de by the students and ectify these errors and ion:  The teacher is on the function rather and keeps monitoring des feedback. be used in English ically like confronting triking up conversation ertive. Afterward, just as to what you did and k (WRS)  is an activity al for the students who g English at an open provide students with current affairs and ask n any one topic of their rections (if required) in motivated to read their and they may use the n the third stage would rticle without looking at of the most beneficial ncing the confidence of sh. st methods of preparing hearse situations. Role ance to practice how to on-threatening. Teacher tive situations based on students develop their . At the beginning, the le play by learning the r on substitute variables  International Journal of Trend in @ IJTSRD | Available Online @ www    Audio-Lingual Activities:  Using tools add on creating an apt en English Language learning. No student carries MP3 player or mobi so teacher may provide students English learning audios so that the them at home too. Students li speakers and then try to imitate th order to acquire exact native Engli has to go through rigorous trainin but just listening to English help t understand the proper structure Sentence and grammatical usage.    Watch & Speak:  Teacher can u showing any particular scene, perso word one by one and after a se students will have to speak somet pictures. This activity is very developing students’ creativity speaking skills.    Vocabulary Games:  Vocabulary one of the main components of Cskills. It enables language use a Although one may ask “how ma needed to do make your English c strong?” so, Language teacher may frequently used English words eve students to practice them whole speech even if they talking in language. Apart from this, reading significant role in enriching knowledge of the students. U conditions, a vocabulary size can depending on the words coverage other books for teens:    Vocabulary Size % Coverage De Unkno 1000 words 90% 2 in 2500 + Proper Noun 94% 2 in 3000 words 96% 2 in 5500 words 98% 2 in Students come across plethora of vocab but using them appropriately is the concern and for that effective vocabul should be given by the teacher which ar cientific Research and Development (IJTSRD) .ijtsrd.com | Volume – 2 | Issue – 6 | Sep-Oct Audio-visual vironment for adays, every le phones and ith important y can practice ten to native m. Though in sh accent, one and practice he students to of English e flash cards n and familiar ies of things, hing on those effective for and prompt knowledge is ommunication d vice versa. ny words are ommunication come up with ryday and ask day in their their native books play a vocabulary nder positive be as follows in novels or   sity of n Words very 10 very 18 very 27 very 70 lary everyday ain point for ry instruction ã   Definitional and contextu word. ã   Numerous uses of th framework. ã   Persuading students enthusiasm.    Using different method Language Teaching, Lea Such methods ignit Collaborative learning th on students’ team spirit motivation and enhancing interactive learning h interactive communicatio and more opportunities fo groups and make Englis natural process.    Provide feedback : methodology is to alw Observe the student in then share with him/her This will help them to require improvement. Bo feedbacks are essential an if necessary. Hence, English Language tea a fruitful effort when the stu the attributes like    The desire to listen to the    The willingness to experi    Taking the initiative to as    Develop acumen to inn process.    Positive acceptance of correction.    Most important, nourishin To conclude, it can be said t English as a second Lan enlightening experience if it i But More Sincerely. Englis place of prestige and grandeu undeniable fact that generatio going but the colossal statur always remain the same. So standard of teaching level deteriorating and try to find rid of all the barriers for effec ISSN: 2456-6470 2018 Page: 1558 l information about the e word in different   to participate with like Communicative rning by Teaching etc.  Cooperative and at basically emphasizes , encouraging inherent self admiration etc. The s always supported s and thus creates more r the students to work in h language speaking a he most important ays provide feedback. ifferent situations and hatever you observed. now areas where they h negative and positive also offer suggestions, hing can come out to be dents appear to possess nglish Language ent with the language. questions. vate different learning rror identification and g the desire To Learn. at Teaching or learning uage is ecstatic and s done less seriously --- language has taken a in our country and it is n will keep coming and e of this language will e have to consider the that is, unfortunately, ut possible ways to get ive and better results.
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