Internet & Technology

Participação, instituições políticas e Internet: um exame dos canais participativos nos portais da Câmara e da Presidência do Brasil

Description
Este artigo investiga como duas instituições do Estado brasileiro - a Presidência da República e a Câmara dos Deputados - oferecem, por meio da Internet, canais voltados à promoção da participação política dos cidadãos. Após revisão da literatura a tratar da interface entre Internet e Democracia, dedica-se especial cuidado ao inventário e à descrição dos mecanismos participativos encontrados nestas duas experiências, bem como reflete-se acerca de seus possíveis efeitos sobre o processo de produção da decisão política. No caso da Câmara, identificase, em comparação com o Portal da Presidência, maior variedade de canais a concretizarem a participação. Logo, a natureza da interação que a esfera civil mantém com esta instituição tende a ser diferenciada. Também são discutidos outros aspectos a influenciarem a oferta destes mecanismos, tais como seus custos políticos. Reforça-se, ao final, a necessidade de se pensar os meios digitais em interface com o contexto cultural e político de cada sociedade democrática.
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  9>Crnl „ _uc~m Orm~ccrm  Ncëncm~ m Nlcnm^ Xm! u'>>! '=! x' 9>,03! km'&k' ?8=8 Xmrcncxm! c~cc~ xcnm~  Cr; ltml ~ nmmc~ xmrcncxmcu~ ~ xrmc~ mNïlmrm  m Xr~cëncm  Orm~c Ermnc~n Xm Kmlc Mlcm Lmr~+_~l I~i mrc`f cgui~c`m nflf bym~ cg~cycàùi~ bf I~mbf orm~caicrf , m Xri~cbëgncmbm _ixûoacnm i m Nïlmrm bf~ Bixymbf~ , feirinil! xfr licf bm Cgirgi! nm,gmc~ ufambf~ è xrflfàîf bm xmrcncxmàîf xfaìcnm bf~ ncbmbîf~' Mxþ~ riuc~îf bmacirmyrm m rmmr bm cgiremni igri Cgirgi i Bilfnrmncm! bibcnm,~i i~xincmanycbmbf mf cguigírcf i è bi~nrcàîf bf~ linmgc~lf~ xmrcncxmcuf~ ignfgrmbf~gi~m~ bym~ itxircëgncm~! oil nflf rieaii,~i mnirnm bi ~iy~ xf~~ìuic~ ieicf~~fori f xrfni~~f bi xrfbyàîf bm binc~îf xfaìcnm' Gf nm~f bm Nïlmrm! cbigcecnm,~i! il nflxmrmàîf nfl f Xfrma bm Xri~cbëgncm! lmcfr umrcibmbi bi nmgmc~ mnfgnric{mril m xmrcncxmàîf' Af`f! m gmyri{m bm cgirmàîf }yi m i~eirm ncucalmgãl nfl i~m cg~cycàîf igbi m ~ir bceirigncmbm' Rmloãl ~îf bc~nycbf~fyrf~ m~xinf~ m cgeayigncmril m feirm bi~i~ linmgc~lf~! mc~ nflf ~iy~ ny~f~xfaìcnf~' _iefràm,~i! mf ecgma! m gini~~cbmbi bi ~i xig~mr f~ licf~ bc`cmc~ ilcgiremni nfl f nfgitf nyayrma i xfaìcnf bi nmbm ~fncibmbi bilfnrícnm' Xmamurm~,ndmui; Cgirgi' Xmrcncxmàîf' Bilfnrmncm' Cg~cycàùi~ Xfaìcnm~' Xmrcncxmc! xccnm c~cc~ m Cr; m tmlcmce d xmrcncxmcu ndm~ c Xr~cns m Rd D~ e _xr~mcu~ Orm{ccm– ~c~ Mo~rmn Rdc~ mrcnai cgui~c`mi~ dfp pf Orm{cacmg xfaccnma cg~cycfg~ , Rdi Xri~cbignsmgb Rdi Dfy~i fe _ixri~igmcui~ , y~i di Cgirgi f feeir ncc{ig~ fxxfry,gcci~ fe xfaccnma xmrcncxmcfg' Meir riucipcg` xmr fe di riaiumg acirmyrinfgnirgcg` Cgirgi mgb Bilfnrmns! di xmxir cbigceci~ mgb bi~nrcoi~ maa di+ Xþ~,bfyfr xiam ^mcg Afyc~ Ygcuir~cs! I~mbf~ Ygcbf~! ~fo ~yxiruc~îf bfBr' Kmli~ Ofdlmg' Xþ~,bfyfr gf ïlocf bf Xrf`rmlm bi Xþ~,@rmbymàîf ilNflygcnmàîf ^fncma bm Ygcuir~cbmbi Eibirma bi Lcgm~ @irmc~ $?883#' Li~ri iBfyfr il Nflygcnmàîf i Nyayrm Nfgilxfrïgim~ xiam Ygcuir~cbmbi Eibirmabm Omdcm' Xrfei~~fr Mbkygf bf Bixmrmligf bi Nflygcnmàîf ^fncma bm Ygc,uir~cbmbi Eibirma bf Lmrmgdîf' ^îf Ayc~! LM'I,lmca; lmr}yi~kmlcaHsmdff'nfl'or'  Crnl „ _uc~m Orm~ccrm  Ncëncm~ m Nlcnm^ Xm! u'>>! '=! x' 9>,03! km'&k' ?8=892E_MgNC^Nf XMyaf KMLCa MaLiCbM LM_}yi^ xmrcncxmfrs lindmgc~l~ mumcamoai m di~i pio~ci~! xrfxf~cg` eyrdir rieaincfg~fg di xfaccnma ieein~ pdcnd lms mrc~i fgni di~i ndmggia~ mri ilxafsib' Nfl,xmrcg` di Dfy~i fe _ixri~igmcui~ mgb di Xri~cbigns pio~ci~! c c~ xf~~coai fmeecrl dm di efrlir fgi xri~ig~ m `rimir umrcis fe ndmggia~ moai f mbbri~~xmrcncxmfrs xfaccn~' Rdi cgirmncui xmirg~ i~moac~dib oipiig ncc{ig~ mgbrixri~igmcui~ mri dy~ }yci bceeirig cg dc~ nm~i' Rdi mrcnai ma~f bc~ny~~i~}yi~cfg~ ~ynd m~ rixri~igmcui~– ygpcaacg`gi~~ f feeir xmrcncxmfrs ffa~! fgnidi~i lindmgc~l~ mri nf~as f clxailig mgb lms clxas m af~ fe xfaccnma xfpir'Cg di igb! fgi ricgefrni~ di gini~~cs fe dcgjcg` fg di bc`cma libcm mjcg`cgf mnnfyg di nyayrma mgb xfaccnma nfgit~ fe iuirs bilfnrmcn ~fncis'  Jis pfrb~; Cgirgi' Xmrcncxmcfg' Bilfnrmns' Xfaccnma Cg~cycfg~' Xmrcncxmncþ! c~cnc~ xcnm~! Cr; l tml ~ nmm~  xmrcncxmncþ ~ ~c~  m Xr~cncm  m Nílmrm  _xr~m~  Orm~c_~l Ia mrìnyaf cgui~c`m nþlf bf~ cg~cyncfgi~ xfaìcnm~ orm~caiým~ , am Xri~cbigncm sam Nílmrm bi _ixri~igmgi~ , ycac{mg ia Cgirgi xmrm ferinir m ncybmbmgf~ fxfr,ygcbmbi~ bi am xmrcncxmncþg xfaìcnm' Bi~xyã~ bi rixm~mr am xmri bi am acirmyrmriaiumgi rieirigi ia Cgirgi s bi am bilfnrmncm! ia xmxir cbigcecnm s bi~nrcoifbf~ af~ linmgc~lf~ xmrcncxmgi~ bc~xfgcoai~ ig i~f~ ~ìcf~! xrfxfgcigbf }yifrm~ rieaitcfgi~ ig af~ ieinf~ xfaìcnf~ }yi xyibig xri~igmr~i ygm ui{ i~f~nmgmai~ i~íg ilxaimbm~' Nflxmrmgbf am Nílmrm bi _ixri~igmgi~ s ia ~ìcf biam Xri~cbigncm! i~ xf~coai mecrlmr }yi ia mgircfr xri~igm ygm lmsfr umrcibmb binmgmai~ nmxmni~ bi rmmr xfaìcnm xmrcncxmgi' Af~ xmrfgi~ cgirmncuf~ i~moaincbf~igri af~ ncybmbmgf~ s af~ rixri~igmgi~ ~fg m~ì mo~faymligi bceirigi~ ig i~inm~f' Ia mrìnyaf mlocãg bc~nyi xri`ygm~ mai~ nflf bi~`mgm bi af~ rixri~igmgi~bi ferinir am~ dirrmlcigm~ xmrcncxmgi~! ygm ui{ }yi i~f~ linmgc~lf~ ~fg nf~,f~f~ ikinymr s xyibig clxacnmr yg xirbcbf bi am igir`ìm xfaìcnm' Ig ia itrilf!ygf rieyir{m am gini~cbmb bia xig~mlcigf ig af~ libcf~ bc`cmai~ }yi nfg~cbirmgaf~ nfgitf~ nyayrmai~ s xfaìcnf~ bi nmbm ~fncibmb bilfnrícnm' Xmamorm~ namui; Cgirgi' Xmrcncxmncþg' Bilfnrmncm' Cg~cyncfgi~ Xfaìcnm~' Cr Y l nfgkygf rm{fmuialigi mlxaf bi xi~}yc~m~ nfgby{cbm~gf~ ûaclf~ mgf~ nfgcgym m ~y`ircr }yi f~  libcm bc`cmc~xirlcil ylm nmxmncbmbi bi mymàîf xfaìcnm bceirigibm}yiam fxirmncfgmac{mbm ~fo m aþ`cnm bf~  libcm rmbcncfgmc~' Mfxrfxcncmril nfgbcàùi~ xmrm m fnfrrëgncm bi eigòligf~ nflf lmcfr  99Crnl „ _uc~m Orm~ccrm  Ncëncm~ m Nlcnm^ Xm! u'>>! '=! x' 9>,03! km'&k' ?8=8XM_RCNCXMàîf! Cg^RCRyCàùi^ XfaìRCNM^ i CgRi_giR cgirmcucbmbi igri m`igi~ cg~cyncfgmc~ i ncbmbîf~! acoirbmbibi bc~nyr~f i xyoacnmàîf cg~mgïgim bi nfgiûbf~ m omctf ny~f!f~ rinyr~f~ bc`cmc~ bi nflygcnmàîf! mr`yligml f~ i~ybcf~f~m ilxriigbiril mc~ xi~}yc~m~! riuc`frml m~ itxinmcum~ bicgnriligf bm~ xrícnm~ bilfnrícnm~ $BIAAC NM_XCGC! ?888:LF__C^! ?888: E_FFLJCL! ?882: ^RMGAIS i PIM_I! ?882:LM_NDI i LnGCUIG! ?88>#'Xmrcnyamrligi gf }yi ~i rieiri m ylm xrifnyxmàîf nmbmui{ lmc~ nmgbigi il ifrcm bilfnrícnm! m ~moir! m }yi~îf bmxmrcncxmàîf xfaìcnm bm i~eirm ncuca $LMGCG! =330: DMOI_LM^!=330: MU_CR[I_ i ^MGRF^! ?88?#! m cbicm ã m bi }yi f~ i~,fruf~ ãngcnf~! oil nflf f~ ny~f~ riamncfgmbf~ è xrflfàîf bfigufaucligf xfaìcnf! xfbil ~ir bclcgyìbf~ ylm ui{ }yi ~i amgàmlîf bi~i~ linmgc~lf~ = ' Xfr itilxaf! dí bcuir~f~ licf~ bi ~ifrgmr lmc~ eínca! nòlfbf i í`ca f igbiriàmligf! xfr xmri bf~y~yírcf~! bi nfgrcoycàùi~ mf xrfni~~f bi bc~ny~~îf bf~ gi`þncf~xûoacnf~! xfr licf bi nfg~yam~ xûoacnm~ fy bf i~moiaincligf bieþryg~ $OIGGIRR i ECIABCG@! =333: MS_I^! =333: OIGGIRR!?88>: OY_ND! ?88?: ^MARI_! ?88>: MAAMG! ?88>#'_i~~mai,~i! xfrãl! dmuir cgui~c`mbfri~ m bc~nfrbmril bmm~~fncmàîf xf~ccum igri f ilxri`f bm~ xammefrlm~ bc`cmc~ binflygcnmàîf i f cgnriligf bm}yiam~ mcucbmbi~ xfaìcnm~ ìxcnm~bf ri`cli bilfnrícnf' Bigri f~ xrcgncxmc~ xrfoailm~ cgbcnmbf~i~îf m~ bi~c`ymabmbi~ gf mni~~f è~ ingfaf`cm~: m }ymacbmbi by,ucbf~m bm cgefrlmàîf xfaìcnm frgmbm bc~xfgìuia mf~ y~yírcf~: fnri~nigi ifr nflirncma }yi m ribi uil mb}ycrcgbf: m lmgyigàîf = Dí bcuir~m~ rieirëgncm~ m bcm`gf~cnmril ylm nmrëgncm bi fxfrygcbmbi~ bixmrcncxmàîf ncuca gf nyr~f bm~ xrícnm~ bilfnrícnm~ nfgilxfrïgim~ $OM_OI_!?882: OFDLMG! =335: EYG@ i P_C@DR! ?88=#' Mr`yligm,~i }yi m ëgem~iiaicfrma nfgeircbm è cgiruigàîf xfaìcnm bf~ ncbmbîf~ xfbircm nflxrfliirm cbãcm lfbirgm bi ~foirmgcm xfxyamr i mnmomrcm nfgrcoycgbf xmrm frgmr mi~eirm ncuca mxícnm i! li~lf! cg~mc~eicm nfl f ri`cli xfaìcnf,bilfnrícnf'Gi~~i ~igcbf! mc~ i~ybcf~f~ uîf nfg~cbirmr m gini~~cbmbi bi ~i xrflfuirlinmgc~lf~ bi cgiruigàîf m ig`igbrmril ylm mymàîf lmc~ efri i eri}ñigibf~ ncbmbîf~ gm bc~ny~~îf bf~ gi`þncf~ xûoacnf~! ~yoacgdmgbf itxircëgncm~ nflff fràmligf xmrcncxmcuf! f~ nfg~iadf~ bi xfaìcnm~ xûoacnm~ i li~lf m}yiam~cgcncmcum~ bcrincfgmbm~ mf ilxri`f bf~ rinyr~f~ bi nflygcnmàîf' I~i rmomadf~i ignmctm! mf ambf bi myfri~ nflf @fli~ $?889# i Nfailmg i @ô{i $?88=#!gi~m ûaclm ëgem~i'  Crnl „ _uc~m Orm~ccrm  Ncëncm~ m Nlcnm^ Xm! u'>>! '=! x' 9>,03! km'&k' ?8=895E_MgNC^Nf XMyaf KMLCa MaLiCbM LM_}yi^ bf bflìgcf bi `rmgbi~ `ryxf~ libcícnf~ gf }yi ~i rieiri è xrf,byàîf bi nfgiûbf~: i m~ mlimàm~ è~ acoirbmbi~ i è xrcumncbmbibf~ ncbmbîf~ $OYND^RICG! =330: XF^RLMG! =332: BMUC^!=333: BIMG! ?88>: PFARFG! ?88=: PCADIAL! ?888#'I~xincecnmligi il riamàîf è xmrcncxmàîf xfaìcnm bf~ ncbmbîf~!ma`yg~ bf~ i~ybcf~f~ lmc~ nãcnf~ mr`yligml }yi m Cgirgi rmrcmlmaieìncf~ nflf m erm`ligmàîf bf~ biomi~! ylm ui{ }yi f~ ncbmbîf~igbircml m xirbir f cgiri~~i il bc~nycr ilm~ bi nfgnirgëgncmnflyl: fyrf~ mxfgml m xf~~cocacbmbi bi }yi mc~ eirrmligm~ ~ikmlilxri`mbm~ xmrm xrflfuir m fr`mgc{màîf i m xmrcncxmàîf bi `ryxf~mui~~f~ mf biomi i mf ri~xicf è~ bceirigàm~: i dí mcgbm f~ }yi mecr,lml }yi f itirnìncf bi ylm cgeayëgncm xfaìcnm ieicum xfr xmri bf~ncbmbîf~ ~i lf~rm clxirnixìuia! ~foriybf xfr nfgm bm cgbc~xf~càîfbf ~c~ilm rixri~igmcuf il rinfadir i nfg~cbirmr nfgrcoycàùi~ bm~fncibmbi $^R_FLI_,@MAAIS! ?888: ^NDIYEIAI i GC^OIR! ?88?:^YG^RICG! ?88=: DFF@DI i RIIXI! ?889: ^DYALMG! ?889#'F biomi lmgãl ~ym clxfrïgncm i nfgcgym m bcucbcr cg,ui~c`mbfri~ mgf bf nmlxf bm Nflygcnmàîf }ymgf bm írimbi Rifrcm Xfaìcnm' Nfg~cbirm,~i! xfrãl! }yi m cgui~c`màîf bf~xrcgncxmc~ m~xinf~ }yi nirnml f cbima bi mxireicàfmligf bmbilfnrmncm xfr licf bf~  libcm bc`cmc~ ri}yir i~efràf~ maãlbm~ cgcncmcum~ bi ~cgic{màîf bi xfigncmacbmbi~ i aclci~ bf~~yxfri~ bc`cmc~ bi nflygcnmàîf'Gi~~i ~igcbf! ylm ui{ }yi ~i xmri bf xri~~yxf~f bi }yi mCgirgi frgm ingcnmligi xf~~ìuia m itc~ëgncm bi bc~xf~ccuf~ bixmrcncxmàîf lmc~ mbi}ymbf~ xmrm ~i mxrftclmr ncbmbîf~ i rixri~ig,mgi~! ã xrinc~f mumacmr bi }yi efrlm i~i~ mrceìncf~ uël ~igbf il,xcrcnmligi mbfmbf~ xmrm i~i ecl' F xri~igi rmomadf! bibcnmbfm itxafrmr xmri bf~ ri~yambf~ bi ylm xi~}yc~m bfyfrma! mxri~igmnflf fokicuf! igîf! itmlcgmr m}yiai~ nmgmc~ bi xmrcncxmàîf iei,cumligi xri~igi~ il biirlcgmbf~ xfrmc~ bi cg~cycàùi~ }yicgi`rml m i~ryyrm bf I~mbf orm~caicrf ? ' F clxya~f bi~nrccuf ? Gîf ~i biui nfgeygbcr nmgmc~ bi nflygcnmàîf! xfr yl ambf! nfl nmgmc~ bi xmr,cncxmàîf! xfr fyrf' C~~f xfr}yi gil fbf bc~xf~ccuf m i~moiainir nflygcnmàîfclxacnm itc~ëgncm bi xmrcncxmàîf xfaìcnm' Xfbi,~i ilxri`mr yl bi~i~ nmgmc~ binflygcnmàîf mxigm~ xmrm igucmr ylm bûucbm ãngcnm fy ri}yc~cmr yl ~irucàf! f }yixfynf cgeayc gm bc~ny~~îf riamcum mf cgiri~~i xûoacnf' _i~~mai,~i! xfrãl! }yi f~nmgmc~ bi xmrcncxmàîf m}yc igemc{mbf~ ri}yiril! bi ma`ylm efrlm! f mncfgmligf

Sebenda I.P.C.

Aug 10, 2017

1Z0 567

Aug 10, 2017
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