Political Linkage the Relationship Between Education Western Educated Elites and the Fall of Haile Selassies Feudal Regime

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  1 u , l, i \ ,- - - -, - 1 v i (: ( 1 POLITICAL LINKAGE: THE REtATIONSBIP BETWEEN t EDUCATION, WESTERN EDUCATED ELITES, AND THE F ALL OF HAlLE SELASSIE S FEUDAL REG&E '- by Paulos Mi.l.ftias A thesis submitted to the Faculty of Gra4uate studies _' and Research in partial fulfUment of the requirements or the degree of Doctor of PhUosophy An Inter-di ciplinary Dissertation in the Fields o Polltlcal Scl,: ce and Comparative 'Education ' Department of Administration and olicy Studtes, , McGUl University, Montreal, Canada. August 1982. - . - , /  / r 1 j 1 1 i i 1 1 1 ã b , \ ; . To my late uncle Tarfa Amaya who helped me g t a Western education ~· \ ' -, v \ ----- - / 1 j \ .  .. ( BSTR CT TradltionaUy, education and politics in EthioQia were higbly Cl lnfluenced by church-eduêated scholars DOwn as the Debteras. But when . in order to WU the need of ~ moderntting autocracy ,Emperors Menelik and HaUe 'Selasste fntroduced Western educatiœ into the country, a new , ~_ Jf' breed of educated youth were born. Western educatiœ aIse brought about a very intense Ang1o Am~ican cultural penetration. The first group of Western-educated intelligentsia integrated themselves into the feudal system nd embraced Western values. The Halle Selassie regime, the 'United States and the first generation of Westem-educated elltes, as a . résult, became interdependertt. _ But because the government was' not keeping ' paee wttÎt the developmental aspirations of the educated youtb, a newer generation of intelligentsia, who were mostly students and teachers, became alienated. tnt1m.ately they ignited the fuse o the' revolutionarr ( ferment in the c.ountry and aIl the mUitary had to do in 1974, was ta' . . , deltver a coup de grâce to ,Halle Se1assie's feudal regime. ,J J . Name: Paulos Milkias. Tille of Thesis: Polltieal Linkage: The Rel~tonship Between Education, Deparlment: DegTee: ~estern Educated Elites, and the FaU of Halle Selassie s ~ Feudal Regime. Administration· and Poliey Studies. octot of PhUosophy. \ ,6- 1 , )    (: ( ( . , \ 1 , RESUME Dans le passé, la vi politique et l'éducation étaient profondé- ã ment influencées' par les lettrés de l'égliSe Copte éthiopienne, à savoir, , , les Debt.:,eras. Avec l arf}iv~e au pouvoir d l Em~reur ~énélik, et ã 3 surtout de l Em~éreur Halle SelassJe, eur influence diD pua, car les extgencJs 'd'une aristocratie moderniste ouvrirent la porte à 'l'enseigneme,nt occidental; créant ainsi, une nouvelle élité. En même temps,' cet enseignement occidental favorisa une forte présence de la culture anglosaxonne chez l élite: Cette élite occi.dentalisée s'intégra. u système feudai en m~me tempe-qu'elle adopta certaines valeurs occidentales. par con~ séquent, le régi~e impériale d'Halle Selassie, Its Etats Unis et la nouvelle élite sont devenu interdependant. M;ais, du fait que le régime ,~ échoua à remplir les aspirations suscitées par l'enseignement occidental, , la deuxJème génération, cO~,POSée des étudiants et enseignants, s est aliénée. Gelle-ci a finalemént mis le feu au poudre en intensifiant ses (~ -activités et revendications révolutionnaires. En 1974 l ~ militaires n'ont fait que donner le coup de grâce au régime feudal d'Halle Selassie. Nom: Paulas Milkias. Titre de la Thèse: Les Rapports Politiques Entre l'Edutatton, l Elite Occidentalisée et la Chute d'Hane Selassie. Département: Administration et Etudes Politiques. Degré: Docteur en PhUosophe. Ui , ) 1
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