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POPULIST BECOMING The Red Shirt Movement and Political Affliction in Thailand (Cultural Anthropology, Forthcoming)

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In this article, I explore the ways in which political subjectivities take shape through populist mobilization and dissipation. While the rise and increasing electoral success of populist movements across the world are largely attributed to
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    1 POPULIST BECOMING The Red Shirt Movement and Political Affliction in Thailand BO KYEONG SEO Yonsei University ABSTRACT  In this article, I explore the ways in which political subjectivities take shape through populist mobilization and dissipation. While the rise and increasing electoral success of populist movements across the world are largely attributed to charismatic leadership that conjures the will of Òthe people,Ó much less known is how people become populist subjects at a particular historical juncture. By attending to personal accounts of participation and detachment in a mass movement known as the Red Shirts in Thailand, I explore how the politics of becoming that emerges from this movement obfuscates the conventional distinction between populist and democratic identification. The articulation of populist subjectsÕ aspiration and affliction  provides a window into the undetermined aspects of political mobilization from the realm of the ordinary. [political subjectivity; mass mobilization; affliction; populism; becoming; Red Shirts; Thailand]   !"#$%&'(   )*!"#+,-*.  /   01,2341,-5 '67    89:,;*+",69,<9'(<',6=<1,6($>+?=   $&",69,<3-@(6   A',*9,<-.= '+*<'+-)*9,<3#B@ C(*DE+;!!F<GH,*?&->B(%4*9,<=B,&>$+0(69,<3#B@ C(*DE+%$69B'    2 ,+   )*;6'E*8 C6   #+,-= I,3<J4)*9,<3B@(9>$/6". C2!D%1)*EB,&F<G3"7"$ C+KB9   -,4,99,<3#B@ C(*DE+;!!F<GH,*?&-   L   8 C6K%&-,9-$94G9B',+M86AN1*I,". C-.3(9B$9:OP   -.#+,-=,-,<M)*9,<H  $94N6K*1-*1,+   ;BG=,-,<M>(!=*(6>'(#+,->1(69,<0(6  Ò -+BH* !   (&',6D<9J>,-   9,<7   89:,39. C&+9$!F$4349E<@(AN1". C301,<'+-9,<3#B@ C(*DE+;!!F<GH,*?&-A',*E1+6+?9Q>9,<OPE<@(9, <3FB. C&*;FB6",69,<3-@(6*$/*&$6-.*1(&   )*9,<7   89:,*.  /   01,2341,(,7  $&3<@ C(6<,+;BGF<G=!9,<OP0(6AN1". C-.=  '+*<'+-)*9,<3#B@ C(*DE+",69,<3-@(60(69B5 '-# *3=   @  /(;%6)*F<G3"7D"&4*9<G"$ C6FB.9>$+((94,99,<3#B@ C(*DE+%$69B',+   32@ C(= I,<+49,<3-@(60(69,<9B,&3FJ*  (Politics of Becoming) ". C39?%08  /*R,&)*!<?!"9,<3#B@ C(*DE+;!!F<GH,*?&-   "$/6*.  /   01(#1*2!0(601,2341,"I,)E1#+,-301,)4>'(;*+#?%3%?-". C;!'6;&90$ C+9B5 '-($>B$9:OP",69,<3-@(6;! !F<GH,*?&-((94,99B5 '-($>B$9:OP",69,<3-@(6;!!F<GH,S?FD>&*$/*=   $!=*&? C608  /*   01,2341,3=*()E13<,"I,#+,-301,)49$!#+,-=   $!=*%$69B',+   <+-M86FT?3=S9,<-(6+',#+,-EB,9EB,&   D-'3FJ*<G3!.&!   "+?B$9:OP0(6#+,-E-,&   ;BG-?>?",6(,<-OP#+,-<N1=    890(6AN1". C-.=  '+*<'+-)*9,<3#B@ C(*DE+;!!F<GH,*?&-*$/*   3FJ*F$UE,". C>1(6D%1<$!9,<3&.&+&,;91D0   E,9;>'R,+G%$69B',+3FJ*B$9:OG=  I,#$U". CH    .  /)E13EJ*+',F<GH,*?&--.=  '+*)*9,<9'(<',6=<1,6($>+?=   $&;!!)E-'   9,<"I,#+,-301,)49$!#+,--5 '6E+$6   #+,-F<,M*,   ;BG#+,-!(!H I  /,0(6AN1"'   .-.= '+*<'+-)*9,<3#B@ C(*DE+%$69B',+   (,43FJ*E*",6". C4GH '+&)E13<,"I,#+,-301,)49$!;6'-5-)E-'V   39. C&+9$!9,<3#B@ C(*DE+",69,<3-@(6   4,9F<?-OWB0(6#*S<<-%,=,-$U  [ ($>+?=  $&",69,<3-@(6   9,<3#B@ C(*DE+-+BH*   #+,-!(!H I  /,   F<GH,*?&-   9,<9B,&3FJ*   #*3=   @  /(;%6      3 F<G3"7D"& ] 국문초록 본 논문은 포퓰리즘 운동의 확대와 해소 과정에서 정치적 주체성이 만들어지는 다양한 양상을 탐구한다. 포퓰리즘 정치의 전세계적 성장과 선거 정치에서 커져가는 영향력은 흔히 대중 혹은 인민의 의지를 결집시킬 수 있는 카리스마적 지도자의 성공과 등치되어 왔다. 그러나 과연 어떻게 대중 혹은 인민이 특정한 역사적 시점에서 포퓰리스트가 되는가에 대해서는 충분한 논의가 이루어지지 못한 바 있다. 이러한 문제의식을 바탕으로 본 논문은 태국 레드셔츠 운동의 흥망성쇠를 경유한 한 개인의 삶 경험을 탐색하고, 이를 통해 대중 운동에 기반한 되기(becoming)의 정치가 포퓰리즘과 민주주의에 대한 관습적 구분을 흐트러트리는 양상에 주목한다. 포퓰리스트 주체성을 고무하는 복잡한 정동과 의미들은 민주주의 정치를 저해하는 병폐가 아니며, 역으로 정치적 주체성의 새로운 형식들이 만들어지고 작동하는 방식을 핵심적으로 보여준다. 포퓰리스트 주체들의 변화에 대한 열망과 수난의 경험은 일상의 영역에서부터 정치적 동원의 아직 결정되지 않은, 불확정적 속성을 드러낸다. [정치적 주체성, 대중 운동, 수난, 포퓰리즘, 되기의 정치, 레드셔츠, 태국]
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