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PRESENTATION: The Global Burden of Disease Study 2010

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Presented by Alan Lopez, Director, Global Burden of Disease Group, Melbourne School of Population and Global Health last 11 July 2014 at the Asian Development Bank. He discussed key findings from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010 revision and their implications for health and development in Asia and the Pacific.
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  The Global Burden of Disease 2010 Study: key findings and implications for global and regional health and development policies  Alan Lopez Melbourne Laureate Professor Melbourne School of Population and Global Health The University of Melbourne Disclaimer: The views expressed in this paper/presentation are the views of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views or policies of the Asian Development Bank (ADB), or its Board of Governors, or the governments they represent. ADB does not guarantee the accuracy of the data included in this paper and accepts no responsibility for any consequence of their use. Terminology used may not necessarily be consistent with ADB official terms.  2. What is the Global Burden of Disease 2010 Study? 1)A systematic    scientific    effort to measure the comparative   magnitude of health loss    due to major diseases, injuries and risk factors by age, sex, country for 1990 and 2010. 2)By the numbers: 291 diseases and injuries, 1,160 sequelae of these diseases and injuries, and 67 risk factors or clusters of risk factors. 3) Key principles  : a) comprehensive; b) informed estimates better than no estimates; c) comparability matters (across countries, time, diseases, injuries, risk factors, age and sex)  Some GBD terminology 1)Years of life lost due to premature mortality due to a death at age x is the standard life expectancy at age x. 2)Years lived with disability for a cause in an age-sex group equals the prevalence of the condition times the disability weight for that condition. 3)DALYs = Years of life lost due to premature mortality (YLLs) and years lived with disability (YLDs). 4)In the GBD, disability refers to any short-term or long-term health loss. 5)In the GBD 2010, DALYs are not discounted or age-weighted.  GBD 1990 to GBD 2010 1.GBD 1990 initiated by the World Bank, WHO and Harvard University: preliminary results of first GBD study published in the World Development Report 1993: Investing in Health . 2.Final results for 1990 published in 1996 and 1997; substantial revision of methods and results compared to preliminary findings. 3.Gro Harlem Brundtland, WHO Director-General created a burden of disease team at WHO to update these results: the GBD 2000 Study. 4.GBD 2000 expanded and standardized the work on risk factors and produced new results for the World Health Report 2002; more detail published in 2004.
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