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Project:The Socialist Republic of Vietnam and Vietnamese abroad Analysis of a transnational nationalism at the level of the Vietnamese community of Czech Republic Pro-government association, legislation and diplomacy

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Proposed in 2017, this project was not selected. However, I share it in order to have feedback from people who might have an interest in it so that I can broaden my research and open my thinking to other suggestions. This project concerns the
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  The Socialist Republic of Vietnam and Vietnamese abroad Analysis of a transnational nationalism at the level of the Vietnamese communityof Czech Republic  Pro-government association, legislation and diplomacy Since the 1990s, the Socialist Republic of Vietnam (SRV) has been deploying a range of  policies to take advantage of Vietnamese from abroad [ Việt Kiều ]. To do so, it intervenes within thecommunities by invoking several pretexts: to favor the integration and stable life of the Vietnamesefrom abroad in their country of reception, to protect their legitimate rights and interests, and to fightagainst the threatening acculturation, according to Hanoi, of the new generations. The purpose of this "transnational nationalism 1 " is to bring the Việt Kiều  into the economic and political interests of the Vietnamese nation. Starting from a global analysis, the present project plans to study theconcretisation and the consequences of this policy on the scale of the Vietnamese community of Czech Republic.The question is: What is the degree of adherence by Vietnamese in the Czech Republic tolong-distance nationalism issued by the SRV ? To what extent does this policy influence their activities (economic, cultural and political) and their mobility? What is the relationship of theVietnamese Czech Republic to the SRV structures (embassy and pro-government associations) andthe new Vietnamese legislation (visa exemption and tolerance of dual nationality)? This project willalso question the SRV's ability to adapt and act in a globalized world. Its diplomatic relations withthe Czech Republic, which partly depend on its transnational nationalism, will be given specialattention.While this study will focus on the report of Vietnamese from the Czech Republic to their state of srcin, it will also address their relationship to their host society and their inclusion in the 1 Since the 1990s, in correlation with globalization, more and more nation-states seek to include their exiles in theirnational space and to associate them, despite the distance and the borders, to their goals. These are referred to as"extra-territorial nations", states issuing "transnational nationalism" or "long-distance nationalism".  networks of the Vietnamese community overseas 2 . This approach will allow us to take acontemporary look at the Vietnamese community in the Czech Republic and situate it on a globalscale. Vietnamese in the Czech Republic, estimated at about 60,000 people, represent the largestminority in this country after Ukrainians and Slovaks. Most of them arrived between 1960 and 1980through exchange programs between "brother" socialist countries 3 . Mainly settled in Bohemia,Moravia and Silesia, they converted to trade-related activities. Nevertheless, this population doesn’tseem much integrated within its host country and its relations with Czech citizens are sometimescomplicated. The Vietnamese community in the Czech Republic has recently undergone severalquality studies 4 . These will allow us to take into account its different characteristics and tounderstand the context in which the Vietnamese "nationalism long-distance" applies.This nationalism seems to have as its main support the Association of Vietnamese of CzechRepublic [  Hội Người Việt Nam tại Cộng hòa Séc ] which, founded in Prague in 1999, has several branches in the country. Headed by the Vietnamese Embassy in the Czech Republic, this associationhas several missions: to preserve the cultural values and the Vietnamese language with newgenerations; support economic cooperation programs between Vietnam and the Czech Republic;and finally, provide humanitarian and political support to Vietnam. The first theme of this research project will study the attractiveness of this association and its influence on economic, political andcultural activities (especially with new generations) of the   Czech Republic Việt Kiều . This approachwill require anthropological investigation work within this association to understand how it worksthrough its publications, its website and oral interviews with its managers and members.The mobilization of Vietnamese from abroad is also expressed through the development andapplication of specific legislation. Thus, in the early 2000s, the RSVN enacted laws to greatly 2 In 2005, according to the Vietnamese authorities, this community has about 3 million people in more than 100countries. It is characterized by a great diversity (migratory waves, political and cultural activities) and its membersdo not all have the same view of the Vietnamese regime. For example, exiled political refugees in the United States,forming the largest Vietnamese community in the world, are fiercely opposed to the Vietnamese Communist Party. 3 These "official" migrations, organized by the Vietnamese and Czech states, begin in the 1960s. They initiallyconcern a category of elites who came to form in Czechoslovakia. In the 1980s, it was mainly unskilled workerswho went to that country. After the fall of the USSR, some of the Vietnamese decided to stay on the spot. They arethen joined by workers (often clandestine) and Vietnamese students. 4 See the works of Alena Alamgir indicated in the bibliography.  increase returns (temporary or permanent) and remittances to Vietnam. These results serve theauthorities' discourse of national unity, which claims that Việt Kiều  are attached to their nation of srcin. Nevertheless, the multiplication of returns and transfers of currencies do not necessarilymean any adherence to this discourse. Indeed, Việt Kiều  are naturally turned to the land of their ancestors where they have family, sentimental and cultural ties. Most, therefore, intend to return, atleast for a temporary stay and support economically, in the name of lineage solidarity with their families. This second thematic will analyze, beyond the official discourse and through interviews,the motivations, the practices and the strategies of the Vietnamese of Czech Republic towards their country of srcin.This thematic will also discuss their position on the opportunity to integrate or reintegrateVietnamese nationality. This possibility that has been effective since 2009 (not including the loss of the nationality of the country of residence 5 ) theoretically gives the Việt Kiều  the right to buy realestate, access to property and to vote for the representatives of the Vietnamese National Assembly 6 .Using the experience of Vietnamese from the Czech Republic, this theme will study: theattractiveness of Vietnamese nationality; the administrative procedure it requires (tedious or easy?);and the efficiency of the rights of Vietnamese citizens abroad when they are in Vietnam.The third and final theme of this research project will focus on the ability of SRV to project beyond its borders and to mobilize Vietnamese from the Czech Republic. What role do these play inthe development of Vietnam and to what extent do they serve the interests of Vietnam from abroad?It may also be asked whether, contrary to a trend of weakening nation-states in globalization, thetransnational nationalism of the SRV allows it to strengthen itself nationally and internationally. Thesuccess of this policy is closely linked to Vietnamese diplomatic activity. One of the specificities of our case study is that Prague and Hanoi have a long history of cooperation and diplomacy with the 5 The Czech Republic has also tolerated dual citizenship since 2014. 6 It should be noted that Vietnamese citizens living abroad do not have the opportunity to stand for Vietnameseelections.  Vietnamese community in the Czech Republic. In the light of this past, this last theme will questionthe current diplomatic relations between these two countries. What place does the Vietnameseresident in the Czech Republic occupy? To what extent does Prague tolerate the political, culturaland legal intrusion of the RSVN into its territory?This project aims to combine several disciplines (history, anthropology, political science andlaw) and to mobilize various types of sources: archives, economic data, official texts and laws produced by the institutions of the RSVN; journals of Vietnamese associations from abroad; studiesof Vietnamese researchers; Internet sites; and, lastly, oral interviews. This plurality, combined withthe difficulties of articulating local and global scales, raises many methodological questions. This project will thus be inspired by studies that also analyze, in the light of the human and socialsciences, the new phenomena born of globalization. It will also be part of the field of TransnationalStudies and Vietnamese Studies and will echo the current work on Vietnamese living in Europe, North America and Australia. Finally, this project will also be part of my thesis work whichanalyzed the evolution of Vietnam's policies towards Việt Kiều from 1945 to 2009. Bibliography ALENA K. Alamgir, From the Field to the Factory Floor: Vietnamese Government’s Defense of Migrant Workers’ Interests in State-Socialist Czechoslovakia,  Journal of Vietnamese Studies, 2017,vol. 12, no 1, pp. 10-41.ALENA K. Alamgir,   Race Is Elsewhere: State-socialist ideology and the racialisation of Vietnameseworkers in Czechoslovakia,  Race  & Class, 54: 4, 2013, pp. 67-85.BOUDAREL George, « La diaspora vietnamienne et les perspectives de réconciliation nationale », Vietnam Review , n°1, automne-hiver 1996, p. 338-357.BOUSQUET Gisèle,  Behind the Bamboo Hedge, The impact of Homeland Politics in the ParisianVietnamese community , University of Michigan, Michigan, 1991, 189 p.BRUNEAU Michel, GUBERT Flore, HARDY Andrew, OULD AOUDIA Jacques, « Impacts desmigrations sur le développement et la pauvreté » in  Les Journées de Tam Đảo, Stratégies deréduction de la pauvreté : approches méthodologiques et transversales , Université d’été enSciences Sociales 2009, Maison d’édition Trí Thức Hanoï, 2010.  ĐẶNG Phong, « The Vietnamese Diaspora : returning and integrating into Vietnam », In: Revueeuropéenne des migrations internationales, vol. 16, n°1, 2000,  Dynamiques migratoires en Asieorientale , sous la direction de Laurence Husson et Yves Charbit. pp. 183-205. DUFOIX Stéphane (dir.), GUERASSIMOFF Carine (dir.), de TINGUY Anne (dir.),  Loin des yeux, près du cœur : Les États et leurs expatriés , SciencesPo. LesPresses, 2010, p. 344 p. GUERASSIMOFF Carine,  La Chine et sa nouvelle diaspora, la mobilité au service de la puissance, Éditions Ellipses, Paris, 2012, 237 p. HARDY Andrew, « L’amitié et ses valeurs: esquisse ethnographique des travailleurs vietnamiensdans les pays socialistes d’Europe de l’Est »,  Revue Européenne des Migrations Internationales ,vol. 16, n° 1 2000, p. 235-246JAMES Stephen, Vietnamese Londoners: Transnational Identities Through Community Networks ,Doctoral thesis, Goldsmiths, University of London, 2010, 228 p. KASTORYANORiva , « Vers un nationalisme transnational ; Redéfinir la nation, le nationalisme etle territoire »,  Revue française de science politique , vol. 56, n° 4, 2006, p.533-553.LEVITT Peggy et de LA DEHESA Rafael , « Transnational Migration and the Redefinition of theState : Variations and Explanations »,  Ethnic and Racial Studies , 26 (4), juillet 2003, p. 587-611. MÜLLEROVÁ Petra, « Vietnamese Diaspora in the Czech Republic», Archiv orientální. Quarterly Journal of African and Asian Studies , 1998, p 121-126.RAIA Apostolova, Duty and Debt under the Ethos of Internationalism, The Case of the VietnameseWorkers in Bulgaria,  Journal of Vietnamese Studies , 2017, Vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 101-125. SCHILLER Nina, Glick, FOURON,  Long Distance Nationalism and the Search for Home , Durhamet Alamgir Londres, Duke University Press, 2001, 324 p.SU Phi Hong. "'There's No Solidarity' Nationalism and Belonging among Vietnamese Refugeesand Immigrants in Berlin."  Journal of Vietnamese Studies , 2017, vol. 12, no. 1, Winter 2017, pp.73-.100. SZYMAŃSKA-MATUSIEWICZ Grażyna, « Remaking the State or Creating Civil SocietyVietnamese Migrant Associations in Poland »,  Journal of Vietnamese Studies , 2017, vol. 12, no 1, pp. 42-72.TRẦN Trọng Đăng Đàn,  Người Việt Nam ở nước ngoài không chỉ có “Việt Kiều”, [Vietnameseabroad are not only "Việt Kiều"], NxB Chính trị quốc gia, Hà Nội, 2005, 230 p.Ủy ban nhà nước về người Việt Nam ở nước ngoài, [State Committee of Vietnamese Abroad], CộngĐồng người Việt Nam ở nước ngoài ; Những vấn đề cần biết, [The Vietnamese Community Abroad,things to know], Hanoi, Nxb Thế Giới, 2005, 237 p.VALVERDE Caroline, Transnationalizing Viet Nam, Community, Culture and Politics in the Diaspora Kieu-Linh , Philadelphie, Temple University Press, 2012, 198 p.VIGNE Christophe,  Mobiliser les Vietnamiens de l'étranger. Enjeux, stratégie et effet d'unnationalisme transnational,  Institut de recherche sur l’Asie du Sud-Est contemporaine (Irasec),Unité de service et de recherche du Centre national de la recherche scientifique (CNRS) (USR 3142), Bangkok, 2012, 102 p.
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