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SAFETY OF WORKERS ON A CONSTRUCTION SITE IN GHANA. A CASE STUDY OF EMEFS CONSTRUCTION LIMITED

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Working in poor conditions can pose a serious threat to worker’s health and safety. Potential harm in the immediate construction environment where workers work, can cause health hazards and severe harm which can be immediate or long term. It can
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    SAFETY OF WORKERS ON A CONSTRUCTION SITE IN GHANA.  A CASE STUDY OF EMEFS CONSTRUCTION LIMITED. BY  ADOLPH SOSTHENES KWEKU TAY JUNIOR 14001802  A Dissertation submitted in fulfilment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE SAFETY, HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT UNIVERSITY OF SOUTH WALES 2017 Supervisor:  ANNIE MACCARTNEY  i University of South Wales   Prifysgol De Cymru  Faculty of Computing, Engineering and Science S T A T E M E N T O F O R I G I N A L I T Y This is to certify that, except where specific reference is made, the work described in this project is the result of the investigation carried out by the student, and that neither this project nor any part of it has been presented, or is currently being submitted in candidature for any award other than in part for the MASTER OF SCIENCE SAFETY, HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT of the University of South Wales. Signed: _________________________________________________ Date: __________________________________________________________  ii University of South Wales  Prifysgol De Cymru  Faculty of Computing, Engineering and Science FORM OF CONSENT I,  Adolph Sosthenes Kweku Tay Jnr  , hereby give my consent for data protection purposes to the release, within the confines of the University of South Wales, of my dissertation SAFETY OF WORKERS ON A CONSTRUCTION SITE IN GHANA.  A CASE STUDY OF EMEFS CONSTRUCTION LIMITED. Year (2016/2017) to students and others in pursuit of their studies for the purpose of inspection. I accept that all other legal rights pertaining to my dissertation are hereby unaffected. Signed: _________________________________________________ Date: __________________________________________________________  iii  ACKNOWLEDGMENT My profound gratitude goes to God Almighty for His divine mercies through this MSC programme. I would like to thank my supervisor, Annie Maccartney, for her tireless and meticulous supervisory role and ensuring that I churn out a good dissertation. To my other lecturers: Richard Milligan, Trevor Price, Ros Welch and Paul Ryall, thank you for your tutoring and encouragement throughout this programme, I must say a BIG Diolch! (My little welsh way of saying Thank you). To uncle NAD (Nana Ato Dadzie) without you this journey of mine would not have been possible, I pray that God blesses you and your family beyond measure. To my rock and comforter always ‘Flex mama’, Mrs Margaret Tay, I will always love you mum. Through all the hard times, you found great comforting words to push me on. Thank you. To Mr. Samuel Tay for all your encouraging words and blessings, I made it dad! The weather truly did not overwhelm the Keta boy; he survived and made you proud. To my siblings: Patrick, Jocelyne, Nathan, Sebastian and Susan, thank you for all your prayers. You people always kept me on my toes.  A man without any divine guidance is just an empty vessel; I wish to appreciate Rev Isaac Osei-Bonsu, Mama Ansah, Rev. Frank Abbey and Rev. Kwasi Obeng thank you all for your prayers and guidance. To Mr. Sitso Akpebu, management and staffs of EMEFS construction limited, I want to thank you all for your cooperation in making this research a success. To my new ‘ Naija ’  family; Mercy Omoifo-irefo (Mrs.), Ndifreke Ekong (Dr.) and John mac allen Okwukwu (Mr.), thank you all for accepting me into your midst and being there for me always. To my brother from another mother, the one who always has my back, Mr. Thomas Appiah, you and your wife Mrs. Abena Appiah have been my guardian angels fully supported by Miss. Emefa Nordor. Thank you all. Finally, to all those I have remembered and those I forgot to mention, a big DIOLCH! (THANK YOU). God bless you all  iv  ABSTRACT Working in poor conditions can pose a serious threat to worker  ’ s health and safety. Potential harm in the immediate construction environment where workers work, can cause health hazards and severe harm which can be immediate or long term. It can affect the worker, their family and even the community at large (Boamah et al. 2016). The Ghanaian construction industry, like many other developing countries, relies on labour intense processes. Because of the existence of cheap labour, the use of labour-focused methods as a major economic option is preferred to equipment-intense or capital-intense procedures as expressed by Boateng (2016). This research is carried out to ascertain how the health and safety of workers in a Ghanaian construction company is managed. In order to get a better understanding of the research topic and to achieve its aim, relevant literatures were reviewed with detailed emphasis on the legislation of health and safety in Ghana, management and implementation of health and safety on construction sites and various Acts governing the rights, safety and general protection of construction workers.  A suitable multi-method approach was adopted to investigate various companies in order to determine how health and safety regulations for workers of the primary construction company are being managed as well as comparing their activities with other construction companies to ascertain if the needed health and safety regulations for the safety of workers is been implemented properly. Results from the analysis of findings showed that despite the obvious need to actively manage health and safety, many construction companies do not give it the necessary attention it deserves. It was also revealed that, Institutions responsible for the management of health and safety in Ghana lacked the necessary resources to undertake their mandates as they were not properly resourced by the Ghanaian government in order to ensure that every company adheres to section 118 of the Ghana Labour Act 2003. Employers also failed in their responsibilities to provide necessary amenities suitable for safe work practices with compliance being the major issue on both the government, employer and employee in ensuring worker  ’ s safety during work activity. In ensuring health and safety of employees working in the construction industry, recommendations in line with best practices were given to the government, employers and employees with reference to the Ghana Labour Act 2003 in order to protect the workers and enhance safe work practices in the construction industry.
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