Stake holders Responsibilities in Road Safety Vehicle20191015 40872 ypp5ex

There is a saying that if you want to go fast go alone, but if you want to go far, go with others. This proverb underscore the importance of Mass Transportation in an emerging economy with highly mobile workforce like Nigeria. However the job of
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  By Dr Sikiru A BalogunTheme: Building Stakeholders Synergy in Vehicle Inspection, Road Safety Management and Mass Transit Operations in Nigeria Workshop for Chief Executives of Mass Transit Companies and other StakeholdersNITT Zaria 8 Oct 2019    There is a saying that if you want to go fast go alone, but if youwant to go far, go with others. This proverb underscore theimportance of Mass Transportation in an emerging economy withhighly mobile workforce like Nigeria. However the job ofTransportation involves risk, losses and gains which require theattention of various stakeholders. The critical Stakeholdersmentioned here include the Federal Ministries of Transport andWorks, Federal Road Safety Corps, Police, VIO State trafficManagement Agencies, Transport operators and so on. Putting aname to who does what can be contentious but the responsibilitiesof these Agencies includes Regulation, Law enforcement, Serviceprovision, Infrastructure provision, coordination, collaboration,emergency management and so on. The paper noted there is noconflict in roles due to Tripartite arrangement and Lead Agencyapproach adopted and recommends that the Transport CommissionBill be signed by Mr President to address role issues and that theNational Address system should be implemented without delay.    Transportation is said to have taken place when there ischange in geographical position of goods and services   Transportation can take place by  Rail, Air, Maritime,pipeline or Road  mode.   Up to 90% of Nigerian commuters depend on road meansfor transportation (NRSS 2016-2020) because Road modeis the most accessible in door to door service because all journies start and end on the road.   A lot of people likes to do their intra and inter citiestravels in private cars and similar low occupancy vehiclesfor privacy reason.   And this is uneconomical and unsustainable in both  intracity  and  inter city  movements  a.  In the Urban mobility (intra city), low occupancy vehicles cause thefollowing;i. Urban congestion occur during a short period of the day but mostcommuters move during this periodii. Traffic becomes Chaotic, stress, fatigue, pollution, delay, loss of manhour etc.iii. Peak community distance of movement increase. I travel up to 50km toand fro work daily. b. In intercity travels, low occupancy vehicle cause the following;i. High transport costii. No economies of scaleiii. Increased exposure to risk   The natural solution to this mobility gap is commercial vehicle.   The range of vehicles in commercial passenger transportation includes;Motorcycles, Tricycles, Taxi, Mini/Medi/Luxury bus plying both intercity andintra-city routes.   Few private cars equally engage in commercial transportation though illegally.   Many Nigerian cities where taxis and small buses  ‘ Bolekaja ’  were used years backnow have preponderance of commercial motorcycles and recently tricyclist(Ogunsanya & Gultima, 1993).   Whereas, government owns most of public transport in Europe,  ‘ paratransit ’ (owned by Private sector) dominate the space in Nigeria.    Unfortunately, the operations of the mass transit companies have beenunregulated in the past and this has not only brought chaos to the industry butcontributed to the increase in Road Traffic Crashes (RTC).   The high number of commuters affected in Road Traffic crash involving ‘Paratransit’  vehicles underscore the involvement of  Stakeholders’  in regulation,enforcement and so on. Vehicle type Number of seat Passenger carriedA Saloon car 5 personsB Station wagon 10 personsC Omni bus 10 seater bus 10 personsD Omnibus 14 seater bus 14 personsE Omnibus 16 seater bus 16 personsF Omnibus 18 seater bus 18 personsG Minbus Coaster bus 21 personsH Luxury Luxury bus 35  –  55 persons •  There are many commercial transport means, but  mass transportation  are usuallydefined by the number of passengers carried (i.e above 50), designated bus stop,scheduled service and affordability by majority of commuters. •  By this definition many commercial transport means in Nigeria are mere ‘Paratransit‘  and do not fit into definition of mass transit.
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