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Statement of Purpose

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Statement of Purpose
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  Statement of Purpose As an Indian student, I completed BA and MA in Geography from prestigious Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, India. Since my early childhood, I have been nurturing a dream to become a scholar and teacher of Geography. My vicinity where I grew up is full of diverse geographical elements and atmosphere which fascinated me a lot to ponder over various aspects of geography from my cradle days. For achieving that goal, I started my journey towards AMU from where I have acquired all primary and concrete knowledge of Geography by acknowledged faculty. I accomplished a project on ‘internal migration in Malda district’ during my Post graduation. Apart from this, I completed project on ‘socio economic conditions of Mirzapur’s. It is notable t hat we had educational tour from where I have learnt socio economic and geographical difference between south India and north India. I also participated in a workshop on’ Research methodology’ organized by training and  placement office, AMU which made me adroit on various methods of research in social science. So, I have decided to pursue my PhD on “ A Comparative analysis between Indian and Chinese Diaspora in Singapore ” in your department for actualizing my well desired dream to become an efficient scholar and teacher of geography. As an Indian student I have selected this topic for my research because this topic is very much related to the social and economic development of India and China. Presently Indian economy is  progressing rapidly with some certain social problems. So, to accelerate the present rate of development and to take it to satisfactory level, the present social problems are to be finished. I think my research topic would help greatly to reach that end. So, I am of the opinion that my research area is very suitable to present scenario of Indian socio-economic development and of course, for economic development of China as well. All are well cognizant of the fact that unlike other countries, Chinese and Indians are occupying a great space in Singapore as it is a Diasporic country. Hence my one and only purpose of pursuing my research on my present topic is because of the reason that ‘Diaspora’ is the m ost discussed issue in Singapore on which I could explore various things pertaining to my concerning area .Presently China is acknowledged by all as an economical giant and a commercial hub for countries of south and south-east Asia. Notably, people belonging to Chinese and Indian Diaspora contribute in the development of Singapore at a great extent.Australia is playing a pivotal role in the overall development of south-Asian countries. So, Australia is always suitable destination for doing my research with highly qualified faculty, inimitable research facilities that are very helpful in my research field. A Ph.D. Program in The Adelaide University would be a great advantage for me to become a competent scholar and teacher of geography. Finally, I can say without little hesitation that I am very confident and I have sufficient ability to do research on my present topic because I have already completed few research projects that are related to my research topic. I am also confident that I have a strong zeal for doing research to contribute in the development of my country. I also think my research on this topic would help to do so. I admit that a research from your university would be very beneficial for me. I wish to join in this university because its Geography department is very famous for its faculties, research materials and teaching than that of other universities.  Research Proposal Comparative Analysis between Chinese and Indian Diaspora in Singapore: A Geographical Perspective 1.   Background of the Study As far as the definition of Diaspora is concerned, we may consider with the Jewish context of emigration where the persecution and expulsion led to the dispersal of Jews away from their homeland carrying with them the e ndearing hope of returning to the motherland one day. The term ‘Diaspora’ derives from a Greek word meaning “to  scatter    about”.  It also refers to the population from its srcinal homeland. A Diaspora is a large group of people with a similar heritage or homeland who moved to various places for different  purposes all over the world. Even this specific historical sense is still used. Notably, Diaspora has been applied with the similar experiences in the field of geography as well. The concept of Diaspora is successfully applied in the analysis of geographical concept of emigration and settlement of people beyond the boundaries of their homeland. Retention of the cultural identity in the host society is another important parameter of the concept Diaspora. It’s cognizant to all that developing countries like India and China ar  e the largest populated country across the world. So both countries are facing many problems in various spheres of their life due to population explosion. Poverty, unemployment, poor health condition, illiteracy etc. are prevailed in both countries due to  population explosion .That’s why, they are migrating to developed countries such as Singapore, Australia, America, Canada, and Britain and so on for overcoming their existing problems. In such way, Diaspora plays a significant role in the srcin of new countries like Singapore, Australia, New Zealand, Fiji, and Canada and so on. Thus, in present scenario, in Singapore too Diaspora is the most discussed issue in the age globalization. Thus the host countries provide with all the facilities to the emigrants which they are in search continuously to fulfill their needs .These facilities are i.e. surety of job, hope of economic prosperity, high quality of life style, world class education and of course, favorable geomorphological conditions and so on. Thus, Singapore like other host countries of emigrants provides with all these facilities which attract people from other developing countries to migrate there over the years. Thus, Singapore has emerged as a diaspora country in the world especially for china and India (Wikipedia). Chinese Singaporeans comprise 76.2% of the country’s present population - approximately three out of four Singaporeans-making them the largest migrated   population in Singapore. Chinese are engaged in various sectors such as education, employment, and economics in Singapore’s . In the same way Indian Singaporeans constitute 7.4% of the country’s citizens  (Wikipedia). They prefer Singapore especially for education and economic purposes. That is why, intensive researches on the causes of making Singapore a diaspora nation by overseas Indians and Chinese are being carried out today under the premise of Diaspora Studies in geographical  perspectives. 2.   Aims and Objectives of the Study Every study /research has some specific aim and objectives. The present study has articulated some of the objectives which help to reach the major aim of this study. However, the objectives are as follows:    To find out the socio economic causes that force the people to migrate in Singapore and problems faced by them.    To examine the socio economic attributes of the emigrants which determine the characteristics of their social and economic life.    To assess the several problems which faced by the Chinese and Indian people while interacting to the other people in the Singapore.    To find out the role of Diaspora in Singapore, the overall development of the areas concerned.    To know the desirability or otherwise of the measures to curb the acts of Diaspora in Singapore.    To explore the livelihood insecurity faced by the Indian and Chinese peoples in Singapore. 3.   Significance of the Study   Since both countries are large populated in the world, hence there are vast differences between two countries in terms of socio economic conditions. Notwithstanding, there are huge similarities found between  both countries. Indian and Chinese generally migrate to Singapore for business, education, economic purposes etc. Most of the Indian people migrate to Singapore for several purposes such as education, job purpose, etc. In the same way, Chinese people prefer to go to Singapore for business purposes, education, etc. Many scholars conducted several study on various areas between China and India. A number of research has been done between China and India in various fields. Some of the past studies are as follows: In his study ‘ the Chinese and Indian Diasporas in New Zealand ’ Bernau (2005)   sought to interrogate identity formation amongst New Zealanders from ethnic minorities, rather than to advance scholarship on any particular history. Using this frame of reference, it makes sense to compare experience across ethnic groups to develop the wider picture of what it means to be a born and bred New Zealander when  one is neither Pakeha nor Maori. A comparative study by Agarwal (2017) examined  between India’s and China’s engagement  with their respective diaspora, emphasized the focus of the Chinese and Indian governments differ in their engagements with its diaspora. Both recognize diaspora not just as a source of economic remittances but also of social remittances in the form of access to markets, knowledge, foreign capital, expertise, ideas and best practices. A study ‘Chinese Diaspora: a study of Amy Tan’s The joy luck club’ conducted by   Loktongbam (n.d.) described the experiences faced by the Chinese diaspora in America and how they are caught mentally and physically between two worlds, loss of homeland and alienation, clashes of different cultures and their search for identity as portrayed in the novel The joy luck club. In his study ‘International student mobility and Chinese diaspora community involvement across England’ Bin (2014)  pointed out the role of Chinese students to develop and transform the Chinese diaspora community across England. Study by Sinha, kent and Shomali (2007) ‘Comparative analysis of FDI in China and India’ attempted to theorize what lessons emerging markets that are laggards in attracting FDI, such as India ,can learn from leader countries in attracting FDI, such as china in the Global economy. Another study by Duan (2011) ‘The changing representation of Chinese diaspora in New Zealand print media’ investigated news reporting of the Chinese diaspora in the New Zealand Print media over the past decade. It also further discovered differences  between the mainstream and Chinese language newspapers in terms of diasporic identity construction. However, it is observed that a single study has not been found especially on “ Comparative analysis  between Chinese and Indian Diaspora in Singapore: A geographical Perspective ” . Therefore, this study is one of the unique studies which is going to compare the Chinese and Indian diaspora in Singapore. 4.   Scope and Limitations of the Study The scope of this study is to examine between Chinese diaspora and Indian diaspora in Singapore. However, Singapore, officially the Republic of Singapore is often referred to as the Lion city, the Garden city and the Red Dot. It lies one degree (137km) north of equator, south of the southernmost tip of continental Asia and peninsular Malaysia. Singapore territory consists of a diamond shaped main island along with 62 other Islands. Since independence, extensive land reclamation has increased its total size by 23% and its greening  policy has covered the density populated island with tropical flora, parks and gardens. In 1819, Sir Stamford Raffles founded colonial Singapore as a trading post of the east India Company after the establishment of the British ray. The island were ceded to Britain and became part of its strait settlements in 1826.Notably, Singapore is a global commerce finance and transport hub. Singapore capital= Singapore city Total area= 719.1 km. sq  Total Population =5,610, 00 (2015) Population density =19,910sq.mi Currency =Singapore Dollar Per capita income =$82,762 HDI =0.912 very high Moreover it is observed that maximum number of people migrate Singapore from India as well as China .Since, as a researcher it is very difficult task to survey all the migrants. The present study cover standard number of migrants from both countries and trying to reach the fundamental objectives of this study. 5.   Research Methodology Research methodology is considered as fundamental part of any research. It works as the most important element of the whole research. Hence research should be conducted with eagerness to find out something new, and with a desire to add knowledge to the existing field, to identify the research gaps, and to analyze the findings. The present research work will be based on both primary and secondary source of data. The Primary source will be collected from field survey and a sample survey would be conducted in different areas of Singapore Stratified random sampling method will be applied for gathering the relevant data. Apart from this, Secondary data is to be collected from various published and unpublished government agencies i.e. census of India, survey of India statistical handbook govt. of Singapore. Even Various statistical techniques such as Z score, correlation, regression, co-efficient of correlation, student T test will also be applied. 6.   Tentative Chapterization    CHAPTER 1 : Introduction    CHAPTER 2:  Review of Related Literature    CHAPTER 3:  Background Information about Indian and Chinese Diaspora    CHAPTER 4:  Data Analysis and Interpretation    CHAPTER 5:  Finding    CHAPTER 6:  Discussion and Conclusion References
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