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Test Bank for Classical and Contemporary Sociological Theory, 3rd Edition by Scott Appelrouth, Laura D. Edles

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Test Bank For Classical and Contemporary Sociological Theory, 3rd Edition by Scott Appelrouth, Laura D. Edles
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  Test Bank For Classical and Contemporary Sociological Theory, 3rd Edition by Scott Appelrouth, Laura D. Edles Download Here SAMPLE Durkheim’s conviction that society is sui generis means:   1.   society is an unreality; only individuals are real 2.   society does not really exist; only a generic label is used *c. society is an objective reality that is irreducible to the individuals that compose it 1.   society only exists within the confines of the mind 2.   Durkheim defines social facts as: 3.   social phenomenon that is true and universally valid 4.   rituals and symbols that provide for social solidarity within a community 5.   the scientific knowledge base on which social and economic planning are formulated *d. conditions and circumstances external to the individual that, nevertheless, determine one’s course of action 3.   Durkheim was most influenced by Herbert Spencer’s theory on:  4.   the division of religion 5.   the srcins of suicide *c. the evolution of societies  1.   the rules of sociological method 4.   According to the authors, Durkheim’s basic theoretical orientation could be considered:  5.   nonrational, individual *b. nonrational, collective 1.   rational, individual 2.   rational, collective 5.   Durkheim defines the collective conscience as 6.   the system of rituals and symbols that distinguish all that is sacred in a society 7.   an essential element in mechanical solidarity which allows the society’s member to engage in common, shared practices *c. totality of beliefs and sentiments common to average citizens of the same society 1.   the realization that society is the source of spiritual power 6.   Durkheim’s core concept “division of labor” would be found in which of the following quadrants for action and order? 7.   nonrational, individual 8.   nonrational, collective 9.   rational, individual *d. rational, collective 7.   This type of solidarity is characteristic of small, traditional societies. 8.   organic solidarity 9.   rural solidarity 10.   cult solidarity *d. mechanical solidarity 8.   In The Division of Labor in Society, Durkheim used th e term “organic solidarity” to refer to:  9.   solidarity based on workers’ control over the means of production   *b. solidarity based on interdependence  1.   solidarity based on likeness 2.   solidarity based on place 9.   The social condition resulting from a lack of moral regulation is called *a. Anomie 1.   Alienation 2.   Egoism 3.   Profane 10.   Durkheim describes the forced division of labor as 11.   a primary aspect of small, tribal societies held together through organic solidarity *b. an over-specialization of tasks leading to the isolation of individuals and to the disintegration of society 1.   an inherent feature of capitalism 2.   a profane existence 11.   Durkheim argues that in organic solidarity the basis of morality is found in our shared differences. He refers to this as 12.   the forced division of labor *b.the cult of personality 1.   egoism 2.   collective effervescence 12.   In The Rules of Sociological Method  , Durkheim makes the following points, except? 13.   sociology is a distinct field of study 14.   natural science methods can be applied to social science 15.   the social field is distinct from the psychological realm *d. social science has a lot to learn about scientific methods 13.   According to Durkheim, there will always be “crime” because:  14.   there will always be individuals who cannot control themselves  15.   human beings are inherently evil *c. crime is necessary for affirming “right” and “wrong”   1.   crime comes second-nature to humans 14.   Which one of the following is not    true of Durkheim’s work    Suicide ? 15.   it demonstrated individual pathologies are rooted in social conditions *b. it showed an increase in social integration within modern societies 1.    proved sociologists can scientifically study social behavior 2.   showed suicide to have social rather than individual roots 15.   According to Durkheim, “egoistic” suicide is caused by:  16.   too much social regulation 17.   too much social integration *c. the lack of integration of an individual into social group/s 1.   social chaos or normlessness 16.   According to Durkheim’s work in   Suicide , which of the following groups had the highest rate of suicide? 17.   Jews *b. Protestants 1.   Catholics 2.   Lutherans 17.   The Kamikaze who flew to their deaths in WWII exemplify which type of suicide: *a. altruistic 1.   egoistic 2.   anomic 3.   fatalistic
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