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The development of Dairy Processing Industries; the Case of Kenya, India, Philippines and Vietnam 2019

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The main objective of this review work is to indicate the good experience in dairy development of some developing countries Kenya, India, Vietnam, and the Philippines; to know what their trends in the production of dairy products were; to analyses
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  The development of Dairy Processing Industries; the Case of Kenya, India, Philippines and Vietnam 2019   i   Table of Contents List of Figures ................................................................................................................................. v List of Tables .................................................................................................................................. v Part I: Objectives of the Review Work ........................................................................................... 1 Part II: Dairy Development in Kenya ............................................................................................. 2 1. Background .............................................................................................................................. 2 2. Dairy Industries in Kenya ........................................................................................................ 3 2.1 Dairy Production Capacity and trend in Kenya ............................................................... 4 3. Dairy Market in Kenya ............................................................................................................ 6 3.1 Urban Milk Market........................................................................................................... 6 3.2 Processed milk market ..................................................................................................... 7 3.3 Dairy Products Exports and Imports ................................................................................ 7 4. Value Chain Analysis of Dairy Production in Kenya .............................................................. 9 4.1 Overview .......................................................................................................................... 9 4.2 Pricing .............................................................................................................................. 9 4.3 Production ........................................................................................................................ 9 4.4 Milk collection ............................................................................................................... 10 4.5 Transportation ................................................................................................................ 11 4.6 Chilling ........................................................................................................................... 11 4.7 Processing....................................................................................................................... 12 5. Structure and Performance of Kenyan Dairy Sector ............................................................. 13 5.1 Structure ......................................................................................................................... 13 5.2 Policy .............................................................................................................................. 13 6. Major issues and Challenges ................................................................................................. 14 Part III: Dairy Development in India ............................................................................................ 16 1. Introduction ........................................................................................................................... 16 2. Dairy industry in India ........................................................................................................... 17 2.1 Milk production and consumption in India .................................................................... 17  The development of Dairy Processing Industries; the Case of Kenya, India, Philippines and Vietnam 2019   ii   2.1.1 Milk production ...................................................................................................... 17 2.1.2 Consumption ........................................................................................................... 20 2.2 India Dairy Processing sector ......................................................................................... 20 3. Value chain of Indian dairy sector ......................................................................................... 22 4. Dairy Market in India ............................................................................................................ 22 4.1 Inmport and Export of dairy products in India .............................................................. 24 4.3 Marketing Strategies ........................................................................................................... 25 5. Structure, Polcies, and Prospects of Dairy sector in India ..................................................... 26 5.1 Dairy Policy......................................................................................................................... 26 5.2 Industry Structure ................................................................................................................ 27 5.3 Future Prospects .................................................................................................................. 29 6. Major Issues and challenges at storage and logistic level .............................................. 30 Part IV: Dairy Development in Philippines .................................................................................. 33 1. Background ............................................................................................................................ 33 2. Dairy Production and Processing Sectors in Philippines....................................................... 34 2.1 The Dairy Industries and Other Sectors in Philippines ....................................................... 34 2.2 Dairy Production Capacity and Trends in Philippines ........................................................ 37 2.2.1 Consumption trend of Dairy Products in Philippines ................................................... 37 3. Dairy Value Chain Analysis in Philippines ........................................................................... 38 3.1 Sales and processing....................................................................................................... 38 4. Dairy Market in Philippines .................................................................................................. 39 4.1 Philippine Dairy Imports ................................................................................................ 39 4.2 Philippine Dairy Exports ................................................................................................ 41 5. Dairy Policy and Strategies in Philippines ............................................................................ 41 5.1 Herd Build-Up Program ................................................................................................. 41 5.2 DA Dairy Goat Program ................................................................................................ 43 5.3 Executive Orders (EO) ................................................................................................... 43 5.4 School milk .................................................................................................................... 43 6. Major Issues and Challenges ................................................................................................. 44  The development of Dairy Processing Industries; the Case of Kenya, India, Philippines and Vietnam 2019   iii   Part V: Dairy Development in Vietnam ........................................................................................ 46 1. Introduction ........................................................................................................................... 46 1.1. Review on the Development of Dairy Products Processing Industries of Vietnam ....... 46 2. Current production and marketing situation of dairy sector in Vitnam ................................. 47 2.1. The Dairy Industries and Other Sectors in Vietnam ...................................................... 47 2.2. Dairy Industries in Vietnam ........................................................................................... 48 Source: Vietnam Research Team, 2014 ....................................................................................... 49 Figure 11 Consumption of dairy product in Vietnam, 2013 ........................................................ 49 2.2.1. Dairy Production Capacity and Trends in Vietnam ................................................ 49 Table 10 Capacity of some powdered milk factories in Vietnam ................................................ 50 3. Diary Markets in Vietnam ..................................................................................................... 51 3.1. Recent Trends in Dairy Markets in Vietnam ................................................................. 51 3.2. Import and Export of Dairy Products in Vietnam .......................................................... 51 Table 11 ASEAN imports of dairy products for 2000 (Mt.)......................................................... 52 4. Structure and Performance of the Dairy Sector in Vietnam .................................................. 52 4.1. Domestic Dairy Strategies and Policies in Vietnam .......................................................... 54 5. Major Issue‘s and Challenges of Dairy production in Vietnam  ............................................ 55 5.1. Challenges for the development ..................................................................................... 55 5.1.1. Lack of good cow breeds ........................................................................................ 55 5.1.2. Limited levels of production organization and management .................................. 56 5.1.3. Poor situation of cow health and veterinary services.............................................. 56 5.1.4. Environmental aspects ............................................................................................ 56 Part VI: Dairy Development in Ethiopia ...................................................................................... 57 1. Introduction ........................................................................................................................... 57 2. Overview of the Dairy Sector in Ethiopia ............................................................................. 58 2.1 Historical Profile of the Dairy Sector Recent................................................................. 58 2.2 Production system .......................................................................................................... 59 2.3 Consumption Patterns .................................................................................................... 60 3.1 Collection, Bulking and Transportation ......................................................................... 61  The development of Dairy Processing Industries; the Case of Kenya, India, Philippines and Vietnam 2019   iv   3.2 Informal Milk Trade ....................................................................................................... 61 3.3 Formal Milk Trade ......................................................................................................... 62 3.4 Milk Distribution and Retailing ..................................................................................... 62 4. Dairy Market analysis in Ethiopia ......................................................................................... 63 4.1 Milk and Dairy Products Exports and Imports in Ethiopia ................................................. 63 5. Learning curves for Ethiopian Dairy Development .............................................................. 65 5.1 Filling Technology Gap ................................................................................................. 65 5.1.1 Improving feeding system....................................................................................... 65 5.1.2 Genetic Improvement ................................................................................................... 66 5.2 Policy Amendment ......................................................................................................... 66 6. Conclusions and Recommendations ...................................................................................... 68 6.1 Conclusions ......................................................................................................................... 68 6.2 Recommendations .......................................................................................................... 69 References ..................................................................................................................................... 70  The development of Dairy Processing Industries; the Case of Kenya, India, Philippines and Vietnam 2019   v   List of Figures Figure 1: Distribution of processed milk margins (% of consumer Price)  .................................................... 7 Figure 2: Dairy imports and exports (2001 to 2005) ..................................................................................... 8 Figure 3: Aluminium cans for milk   ............................................................................................................. 10 Figure 4: Milk value chain actors in Kenya  ................................................................................................ 12 Figure 5: Value chain analysis for Indian dairy  .......................................................................................... 22 Figure 6: Fluid milk marketing channels in India 2007/08-2011/12 estimates  .......................................... 23 Figure 7: Indian Dairy Products  –   trade analysis  ........................................................................................ 24 Figure 8: Indian butter, milk powder and cheese trade analysis  ................................................................. 25 Figure 9: Local milk production among milk-producing sectors in the Philippines  ................................... 35 Figure 10: Value chains come in various shapes and sizes, often shown as a ‗chain of arrows‘ or using circles and/or distinguishing between short and long chains  ...................................................................... 39 Figure 11 Consumption of dairy product in Vietnam, 2013  ...................................................................... 49 Figure 12: Total and per capita milk production in Ethiopia (1961-2001)  ................................................. 59 List of Tables Table 1: Population of milk animals and percentage contributions to annual milk production (2007)  ........ 5 Table 2: Dairy production in Eastern Africa in 2011  .................................................................................... 5 Table 3: Volume and value of dairy products exports and imports  .............................................................. 8 Table 4: Number and Capacity of Dairy plants by sale in India  ................................................................. 17 Table 5: world largest milk producer   .......................................................................................................... 18 Table 6: Production of Milk and per capita availability of milk in India .................................................... 19 Table 7: Growth rates in production and consumption of dairy products in India  ..................................... 20 Table 8: Volume of Dairy Import in Philippines  ........................................................................................ 40 Table 9: Volume of dairy Export in Philippines from 2016-2018  .............................................................. 41 Table 10 Capacity of some powdered milk factories in Vietnam  .............................................................. 50 Table 11 ASEAN imports of dairy products for 2000 (Mt.)  ....................................................................... 52 Table 12: Structure of demand for milk products in Ethiopia  .................................................................... 60 Table 13: Import and export of milk and milk products  ............................................................................. 64
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