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The Effect of Land Reform Policy on Land Use Pattern Change and Environment in Post-Apartheid South Africa

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The Effect of Land Reform Policy on Land Use Pattern Change and Environment in Post-Apartheid South Africa
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  Effect of the land reform on land use patternchange in Limpopo Province, South Africa Simon Ikenoue* and Anna Treydte * * University of Hohenheim Contact:Simon Ikenouesimon.ikenoue@gmail.comPhone:+49-152-2517-0236 This research was partially funded by the Eiselen-Foundation, Ulm https://www.uni-hohenheim.de/ What happens after the land transfer “on the land” in the South African Land Reform? 13 Land Reform farms in the Mopani District of Limpopo Province were visited and semi-structuredinterviews were conducted to gain information aboutland use and management. Study question Study area Location of Mopani District situated at thewest of Kruger National Park  The South African land reform started in 1994 to redress theracial inequity in the rural areas. Various programmes includingthe Restitution, Settlement and Land Acquisition Grant (~2001),and the Land Redistribution for Agrarian Reform Programme(2002~) have been implemented to assist black communitymembers to acquire a, or part of, a white-owned commercial farmthrough subsidies and other means of support. Results and discussion12  / 13 farms grew crops (mainly vegetables)   01234567890.1~5.05.1~10.010.1~30Size of corpping area   • 66.7% of the farms grew crop on an area smaller than 5 ha. • Main restricting factors are the lack of finance and farmingequipments. Conclusion • Farm structure has in general not changed,implying that they are farming a commercialfarm as a small scale farm. • The transferred farms have been underutilizedcompared to surrounding commercial farms dueto financial restrictions and resource availability. • Orchards may be good for the initial years forincome generation, however, sufficient fundsand skills are needed for proper management of the trees.11  / 13 Farms with orchards •  All orchards were planted before the land transferand all farms utilize them. • High occurrence of fire due to lack of management • Labour (availability and cost) and lack of equipmentrestrict proper management of orchards. 7  / 13 farms with livestock  • 5 farms with cattle, 1 farm with other livestock., 1 farm with both. 3  / 13 Lease part of the farmland to a white farmer • Large areas of land are leased to white commercialfarmers, own cultivation areas are small 2  / 13 Farms experienced structural changes • Most farms farm according to their srcinal structure. • Two cases changed from grazing to cropping land. • Division of the farm was not observed at any of thevisited farms.   Background
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