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THE EFFECT OF MOBILE PHONES ON STUDENTS

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THE EFFECT OF MOBILE PHONES ON STUDENTS
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  CHAPTER ONEINTRODUCTION1.1Background of the Study A mobile phone is a device that can basically make and receive calls over a radio link whilemoving around a wide geographic area. (Pew Research center, 2010). It does so by connecting to acellular network provided by a mobile phone operator, allowing access to the public telephonenetwork. The ancient types of Mobile phones support limited services and examples were shown inFig. 1.1. Such as, calling, sending messages and very few for taking pictures. However, the modern phones support very wide range variety of other services apart from making and receive calls andexamples were shown in Fig. 1.2. These include; text messaging, MMS, e-mail, internet access,short range wireless communications [(Infrared, Bluetooth, File Transfer Protocol, (FTP)], businessapplications, gaming and photography. 1  Fig. 1.1.The Ancient Types of Mobile Phones  Source: Olanrewaju (2014) Field Work  2  Mobile phone is one of the most rapidly growing new technologies in the world (Rebello,2010). In 2001, cell phone users were less than a billion worldwide with the majority of the usersfrom the developed countries. By the end of 2010, however, mobile phone users had reached five billion worldwide with subscriptions from developing countries outnumbering that of the developedcountries (Kelly, 2009; Rebello, 2010). Obviously, this increase includes a sharp increase in thenumber of cellphonesused by the younger generations. This area of interest was chosen because of the unregulated usage and over dependent attitude on these devices especially among our secondaryschool students. Interestingly, this is obviously imperative as Geser & Junco (2006); and Merson &Salter (2010) had observed that the youth have consistently displayed higher level of attachment to their mobile phones which could serve as distractions to them because of the timechanneled to the phones. 3  Fig. 1.2.Other Ancient Types of Mobile Phones  Source: Olanrewaju (2014) Field Work  4  However, in recent years, different types of mobile phones have been produced by different phone manufacturers. Each comes with different features for different/ specific function(s). We havedifferent variety of mobile phones as named by their manufacturers, they include, Nokia, Samsung,Motorola, Sagem, Sendo, Siemens,T-mobile, Thuraya, Vodafone, Sony ericsson, Bluebird, alcatel,Blackberry, and so on. We now have those that can make video calling, ping, take clearer  pictures/photographs, surf the internet and lots more. They are also built/ installed in/ with differentcapacities, mode of operation and features/applications. For example, 17mega Pixel phonesnormally will produce clearer pictures/photographs, Skype is an application for video calling,Blackberry and other android enabled devices can ping. Some are android enabled; examples are,HTC, Tecno, and so on which are basically the latest of all kinds of mobile phones widely used by both young and old, especially among students (Olanrewaju, 2015).This study therefore, attempts to find out the impact of mobile phones use among students in both private and public schools on their academic performance. Also, to check whether or not therewill be significant difference in the performance of students using mobile phones in Public andPrivate Schools. 1.2Statement of the Problem In the past one decade, Mobile phone was not as rampant among users compared to how it isnow being used; especially among secondary Schools’ students. Recently, mobile phone whichcomes in different types/models each for specific tasks/functions is one of the basic essentialgadgets possessed by an average school student which relatively might certainly influence suchstudents’ academic performance. This study therefore, seeks to address the impact of mobile phoneson student performance in secondary Schools. 1.3Objectives of the Study The general objective of this study is to assess the impact of mobile phones on student performance in secondary Schools. 5
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