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The New World of Islam (Lothrop Stoddard)

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The rise of Islam is perhaps the most amazing event in human history. Springing from a land and a people alike previously negligible, Islam spread within a century over half the earth, shattering great empires, overthrowing long-established religions, remoulding the souls of races, and building up a whole new world - the world of Islam.
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   The Project Gutenberg EBook of The New World of Islam, by Lothrop Stoddard This eBook is for the use of anyone anywhere at no cost and with almost no restrictions whatsoever. You may copy it, give it away or re-use it under the terms of the Project Gutenberg License included with this eBook or online at www.gutenberg.org Title: The New World of Islam Author: Lothrop Stoddard Release Date: January 1, 2008 [EBook #24107] Language: English Character set encoding: ISO-8859-1 *** START OF THIS PROJECT GUTENBERG EBOOK THE NEW WORLD OF ISLAM *** Produced by Brownfox, Michael Ciesielski and the Online Distributed Proofreading Team at http://www.pgdp.net (This file was produced from images generously made available by The Internet Archive) [Pg iii]   THE NEW WORLD OF ISLAM BY LOTHROP STODDARD, A.M., P H .D. (Harv.) AUTHOR OF: THE RISING TIDE OF COLOUR, THE STAKES OF THE WAR, PRESENT DAY EUROPE: ITS NATIONAL STATES OF MIND, THE TRENCH REVOLUTION IN SAN DOMINGO, ETC.  WITH MAP SECOND IMPRESSION   LONDON CHAPMAN AND HALL, L TD . 1922 [Pg iv]   P RINTED IN G REAT B RITAIN BY R  ICHARD C LAY &   S ONS L IMITED .   B UNGAY ,   S UFFOLK   [Pg v]   PREFACE The entire world of Islam is to-day in profound ferment. From Morocco to China and from Turkestan to the Congo, the 250,000,000 followers of the Prophet Mohammed are stirring to new ideas, new impulses, new aspirations. A gigantic transformation is taking  place whose results must affect all mankind. This transformation was greatly stimulated by the late war. But it began long before. More than a hundred years ago the seeds were sown, and ever since then it has been evolving; at first slowly and obscurely; later more rapidly and perceptibly; until to-day, under the stimulus of Armageddon, it has burst into sudden and startling bloom. The story of that strange and dramatic evolution I have endeavoured to tell in the following pages. Considering in turn its various aspects  —  religious, cultural, political, economic, social  —  I have tried to portray their genesis and development, to analyse their character, and to appraise their potency. While making due allowance for local differentiations, the intimate correlation and underlying unity of the various movements have ever been kept in view. Although the book deals primarily with the Moslem world, it necessarily includes the non-Moslem Hindu elements of India. The field covered is thus virtually the entire Near and Middle East. The Far East has not been directly considered, but parallel developments there have been noted and should always be kept in mind. L OTHROP S TODDARD . [Pg vii]    CONTENTS CHAP PAGE INTRODUCTION: THE DECLINE AND FALL OF THE OLD ISLAMIC WORLD 1I. THE MOHAMMEDAN REVIVAL 20II. PAN-ISLAMISM 37 III. THE INFLUENCE OF THE WEST 75IV. POLITICAL CHANGE 110V. NATIONALISM 132VI. NATIONALISM IN INDIA 201VII. ECONOMIC CHANGE 226VIII. SOCIAL CHANGE 250  IX. SOCIAL UNREST AND BOLSHEVISM 273 CONCLUSION 300 INDEX 301MAP THE WORLD OF ISLAM at end of volume   [Pg 1]   THE NEW WORLD OF ISLAM Das Alte stürzt, es ändert sich die Zeit,Und neues Leben blüht aus den Ruinen. S CHILLER  , Wilhelm Tell  . INTRODUCTION THE DECLINE AND FALL OF THE OLD ISLAMIC WORLD The rise of Islam is perhaps the most amazing event in human history. Springing from a land and a people alike previously negligible, Islam spread within a century over half the earth, shattering great empires, overthrowing long-established religions, remoulding the souls of races, and building up a whole new world  —  the world of Islam. The closer we examine this development the more extraordinary does it appear. The other great religions won their way slowly, by painful struggle, and finally triumphed
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