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TIP Sheet

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  TIP SheetTHE EIGHT PARTS OF SPEECHThere are eight parts of speech in the English language: noun, pronoun, verb, adjecve, adverb, preposion, conjuncon, and interjecon. The part of speech indicates how the word funcons in meaning as well as grammacally within the sentence. An individual word can funcon as more than onepart of speech when used in dierent circumstances. Understanding parts of speech is essenal for determining the correct denion of a word when using the diconary.1. NOUNA noun is the name of a person, place, thing, or idea.man... Bue College... house... happinessA noun is a word for a person, place, thing, or idea. Nouns are oen used with an arcle (the, a, an), but not always. Proper nouns always start with a capital leer; common nouns do not. Nouns can be singularor plural, concrete or abstract. Nouns show possession by adding 's. Nouns can funcon in dierent roleswithin a sentence; for example, a noun can be a subject, direct object, indirect object, subject complement, or object of a preposion.The young girl brought me a very long leer from the teacher, and then she quickly disappeared. Oh my!See the TIP Sheet on Nouns for further informaon.2. PRONOUNA pronoun is a word used in place of a noun.She... we... they... it  A pronoun is a word used in place of a noun. A pronoun is usually substuted for a specic noun, which is called its antecedent. In the sentence above, the antecedent for the pronoun she is the girl. Pronouns are further dened by type: personal pronouns refer to specic persons or things; possessive pronouns indicate ownership; reexive pronouns are used to emphasize another noun or pronoun; relave pronouns introduce a subordinate clause; and demonstrave pronouns idenfy, point to, or refer to nouns.The young girl brought me a very long leer from the teacher, and then she quickly disappeared. Oh my!See the TIP Sheet on Pronouns for further informaon.3. VERBA verb expresses acon or being. jump... is... write... becomeThe verb in a sentence expresses acon or being. There is a main verb and somemes one or more helping verbs. ( She can sing. Sing is the main verb; can is the helping verb.) A verb must agree with its subject in number (both are singular or both are plural). Verbs also take dierent forms to express tense.The young girl brought me a very long leer from the teacher, and then she quickly disappeared. Oh my!See the TIP Sheet on Verbs for more informaon.4. ADJECTIVEAn adjecve modies or describes a noun or pronoun.prey... old... blue... smart  An adjecve is a word used to modify or describe a noun or a pronoun. It usually answers the queson of which one, what kind, or how many. (Arcles [a, an, the] are usually classied as adjecves.)The young girl brought me a very long leer from the teacher, and then she quickly disappeared. Oh my!See the TIP Sheet on Adjecves for more informaon.5. ADVERBAn adverb modies or describes a verb, an adjecve, or another adverb.gently... extremely... carefully... wellAn adverb describes or modies a verb, an adjecve, or another adverb, but never a noun. It usually answers the quesons of when, where, how, why, under what condions, or to what degree. Adverbs oen end in -ly.The young girl brought me a very long leer from the teacher, and then she quickly disappeared. Oh my!See the TIP Sheet on Adverbs for more informaon.6. PREPOSITIONA preposion is a word placed before a noun or pronoun to form a phrase modifying another word in thesentence.by... with.... about... unl  (by the tree, with our friends, about the book, unl tomorrow)A preposion is a word placed before a noun or pronoun to form a phrase modifying another word in thesentence. Therefore a preposion is always part of a preposional phrase. The preposional phrase almost always funcons as an adjecve or as an adverb. The following list includes the most common preposions:The young girl brought me a very long leer from the teacher, and then she quickly disappeared. Oh my!See the TIP Sheet on Preposions for more informaon.7. CONJUNCTIONA conjuncon joins words, phrases, or clauses.and... but... or... while... becauseA conjuncon joins words, phrases, or clauses, and indicates the relaonship between the elements  joined. Coordinang conjuncons connect grammacally equal elements: and, but, or, nor, for, so, yet. Subordinang conjuncons connect clauses that are not equal: because, although, while, since, etc. There are other types of conjuncons as well.The young girl brought me a very long leer from the teacher, and then she quickly disappeared. Oh my!See the TIP Sheet on Conjuncons for more informaon.8. INTERJECTIONAn interjecon is a word used to express emoon.

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