Science & Technology


of 12
All materials on our website are shared by users. If you have any questions about copyright issues, please report us to resolve them. We are always happy to assist you.
Related Documents
ISSN: (Online), ISSN X (Print) ooll.. 44,, JJuullyy SSeepptt ,, IIssssuuee USE OF SOCIAL NETWORKING SITES BY THE SECONDARY AND HIGHER SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS OF SRINAGAR, KASHMIR Tafeeq Nazir Ph.D Research scholar Department Library & Information Science University of Kashmir Abstract From the very beginning, human beings alays associated themselves to some form of social structure as they evolved across generations. Efforts to support social netorks via computer-mediated communication ere made in many early online services, including Usenet, ARPANET, LISTSER, and bulletin board services (BBS). Technology innovations have alays been perceived as either a boon or a curse to the mankind. Social Netork can be also eighed in the same balance here it has many perceived beneficial aspects as compared to some adverse effects to the overall ell being. The study investigates the use and purpose of accessing Social Netorking sites (SNSs) by the students of Srinagar. Key ords: Social Netorking Sites, Face book, chatting, education Introduction Internet is a very essential part of life from advertising and shopping to electronic mails and education. But today user of the internet has gone beyond its limits. Social media is the fastest groing eb application in the 21st century. A social netorking site is an online place here a user can create a profile and build a personal netork that connects him or her to other users. In the past five years, such sites have rocketed from a niche activity into a phenomenon that engages tens of millions of internet users. Abbreviated as SNS a social netorking site according to Webopedia, it is the phrase used to describe any Web site that enables users to create public profiles ithin that Web site and form relationships ith other users of the same Web site ho access their profile. In other ords e can say that Social Netork is social structure made up of individuals (or organizations) called nodes, hich are tied (connected) by one or more specific types of interdependency, such as friendship, kinship, common interest, financial exchange, likes/dislikes, or relationships of beliefs, knoledge or prestige. The groth in the popularity of these sites has generated concerns among some parents, school officials, and government leaders about the potential risks posed to young people hen personal information is made available in such a public setting. Students are considered 231 ISSN: (Online), ISSN X (Print) ooll.. 44,, JJuullyy SSeepptt ,, IIssssuuee as the social capital/asset for a nation, and the type of social capital a nation possesses is heavily dependent upon the youths of a nation. Information and communication technologies (ICTs) are becoming important tools for educational support. Al-Taraneh(214) Using computers and the Internet is becoming more and more important in the learning and teaching Processes. Also, ith the advent of mobile phones, especially smart phones, it is becoming easier to reach students and even utilize the capabilities of technology. Top 5 Social Netorking Sites used In India (Alexa, 213) are: Face book Linked in Titter Pinterest Instagram arious educational institutes may have their presence on social netorking sites focusing on their academia, academic and other extra-curricular activities, achievements and reards, campus images etc. This ould help the aspirants in knoing more about the particular institute. This present study ill explore the influence of SNSs on the students performance and ho they spend their time. Problem The groing popularity of Social Netorking Sites (SNSs) for use in business, advertizing, and recreation and no for educational purposes has become an international phenomenon. Today teenager shos very much interest for using social netorks. The present study investigates the ays school students spend their time on SNSs and to ascertain the purpose and utility of using these social netorking sites. Objectives The objectives of study are enumerated as: To find out the use of different social netorking sites by the students. To kno the popular social netork ebsite among students. To find out the frequency of using these SNSs. To explore the purpose and significance of using these online social netorking sites. To kno the benefits and effects of the social netorking sites to the student community. REIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE A literature revie is an account of hat has been published on a topic by accredited scholars and researchers. The various scholarly articles revieed related to the present study are: 232 ooll.. 44,, JJuullyy SSeepptt ,, IIssssuuee ISSN: (Online), ISSN X (Print) Ahmed & Qazi (211) found that majority of users (75.3%) ere those ho spend only 1-3 h a day on using SNSs, fe ere spending 4-6 h (19.5%) and small number of users (5.2%) as found to spend too much time on using these sites that is, 9 h or above. This reflects that majority of student users consume a reasonable time on these using these sites. The study also identifies the basic purpose of SNSs usage among students and the findings clearly depict that about 73.5% respondents ere using these sites to be in touch ith their friends. Only 13.7% respondents use SNS for joining educational communities and the findings explicitly suggest that SNSs sites are basically used for non-academic motives. Ahmed & Qazi (211) investigates s the impact of social netorking sites (SNSs) on the studying habits of students and explored is that despite the use of social netorking sites, students can balance their time beteen studies and their usage of these sites, and can sustain good studying habits to maintain their academic performance. Hence, usage of these netorking tools does not adversely affect the studying habits of the students. (Conole, Galley and Culver,211) discusses the key challenges in researching ne learning contexts through socially mediated environments, namely articulation and understanding of the nature of the interactions among users ithin these environments and beteen the users and the tools that form part of the environment. Hanson, et al (211) findings revealed that health educators most commonly used social netorking sites (34.%), podcasts (23.5%), and media sharing sites (1.5%) ithin their organizations. Social influence (P .1) and performance expectancy (P .1) ere both positively associated ith increased behavioral intentions to use social media for health promotion. Reasons for lack of use included employers monitoring or blocking social media, difficulty of use among older health educators, and the belief that social media ould not enhance job performance. The study investigates the relationship beteen the use of SNSs and Chinese international students educational adaptation. Face book, as the most popular used in estern young people, is perceived as the second choice for Chinese international students to build social netorks. They use the SNSs as a ay of keeping their existing social connections alive, rather than for making ne friends (Cao & Zhang, 212). Jain, et al (212) they found that graduate students uses SNSs ebsites more instead of Post Graduate students. Out of 12 students 6% use one or more of the social netorking sites: Facebook, Youtube, Titter, Orkut, Linkedln. The largest percentage of respondents used facebook (4.2%) folloed by Youtube (2.5%), Titter (22.3), Orkut (17.3%) and Linkedln (4%). (Kindi and Alhashmi, 212) The study found that the major reasons for frequent use of SNSs are finding information and sharing nes. The study also indicated that lack of experience as ell as insufficient time and IT skills are effective factors of not using SNSs. Oye & Ab.Rahim (212) the study confirmed that most of the younger students are engage in the use of SNSs mainly for socializing activities rather than for academic purpose. Hoever, most of the students do feel that the SNSs have more positive impact on their academic performance. Sezen (212) ascertain that SNSs increases the student-student and teacher student interaction, enhancing student motivation and classroom climate, sharing materials ith the instructor and students, making use of students interests and needs, and making learning process more interesting and permanent. Shambare, Rugimbana and Sithole (212) the study confirms the popularity of Facebook, and suggests potential for social netorking in 233 ooll.. 44,, JJuullyy SSeepptt ,, IIssssuuee ISSN: (Online), ISSN X (Print) many aspects of students lives including education. Faster Internet access and cheaper 3G technology, as ell as Smartphone telephony, are enablers that influence adoption of social netorking positively. (Tariq, Mehboob, & Khan, 212)The use of social netorking sites exponentially increase there is no third party or any other community hich could check for hat actions are been performed by hich user, so it is strongly recommended to check children s activities on social netorks and don t let them use social netorking ebsites. Utpal (212) found that the instant and idespread nature of social media spread it like a fire in the forest and Information sharing societies is based on the social promotion and practices of the exchanging and sharing knoledge originating from many different societies and help to evolve social revolution. Social Netorking Sites (SNSs) such as Facebook, Google+, Myspace, LinkedIn and Titter have no become commonplace in international virtual space. Approximately 75% of all online adults maintain at least one social netork profile (Weber, 212). Huang and Capps (213) investigates social netorking sites (SNS) and ays college students spend their time on both conventional academic and recreational reading. A total of 1,265 (466 male and 799 female) college students voluntarily participated in the study by completing a self-report survey. Descriptive analysis indicated that the average amount of time students spent (M) on academic reading (AR), recreational reading (RR), and social netorking (SN) as 7.72 hours, 4.24 hours, and hours per eek, respectively. Madhusudhan(213) found that most respondents preferred the SNS Face book and Research Gate for academic purposes. Collaborative and peer-to-peer learning ere common benefits from SNSs hile some expressed concern regarding cyber-bullying and privacy. The majority of respondents finally said using SNSs may be a aste of time. (Pittenger, 213) Social netorking is feasible and can be used effectively ithin an overall strategy for inter professional education, but design and placement ithin a core content course is critical to success. Zhang (213) investigates the college students' use of social netorking sites, particularly Facebook, for health and ellness information. He found that users ere skeptical about the quality of information, concerned about the lack of medical knoledge of their peers and ary about possible threats to their privacy and potential misuse of their health information. Embi, et al (214) they revealed that a large majority of students ere members of Facebook hich they used on a daily basis mostly, but not exclusively to connect ith their friends. The article concludes ith opportunities to include such sites in formal and informal learning Scope The scope of the study is limited to the regular students of secondary (9th & 1 th) and Higher secondary (11th & 12th) classes of Srinagar Kashmir. The institute consists of 7 private schools and 7 government schools. The lists of schools are as under: A. Private Schools include 234 ISSN: (Online), ISSN X (Print) ooll.. 44,, JJuullyy SSeepptt ,, IIssssuuee Tyndale-Biscoe [Boys] & Mallinson School [Girls] Burn hall Ne Era Public School Delhi Public school Presentation Convent hr sec school Green valley education institute Iqra international School B. Government schools include Kothi bagh hr sec school Shri pratab hr sec school M.p hr sec school Government girls hr sec School Naa Kadal Amira kadal hr sec school Girls hr sec school Zadibal Boys hr sec school Soura Methodology The 14 institutes (i.e. 7 government and 7 private schools) are selected by the lottery method of random Sampling. In order to achieve above laid don objectives questionnaire tool is used to collect primary data from the students. Data are collected personally by visiting the selected institutes of the District Srinagar by distributed 4 questionnaires of hich 2 questionnaires given to male students and 2 questionnaires given to female students randomly to the students of 9th, 1th, 11th & 12th classes ho use SNSs. The distribution of questionnaires to different classes is shon in belo Table. Class 9 th 1th 11th 12th Respondents DATA ANALYSIS 1. Demographic information The study selects randomly 4 students (2 each & ) from secondary and higher secondary classes. The demography data shos different parameters of the study like the gender, age and class of the students. The vivid picture is offered by table 1.1, 1.2 and fig ISSN: (Online), ISSN X (Print) ooll.. 44,, JJuullyy SSeepptt ,, IIssssuuee Number of Respondents Table 1.1: Number of Respondents Gender No of Respondents 2 2 Total Age and Gender ise Number of Respondents Table 1.2: Age ise number of respondents Gender ise No. of Age Respondents MALE FEAMALE by Age group years 16-1years years 2 years The analysis of data found that maximum no. of user fall under the age group of 16-1 years. The vivid picture is offered by fig ISSN: (Online), ISSN X (Print) ooll.. 44,, JJuullyy SSeepptt ,, IIssssuuee Type Of Social Netorking Site Use Table 2: Type of Social Website Use Web site Face book Titter Linked in Pinterest Tumbler Instagram K Any other 1 12 Total use N= The study of data found that maximum number of students use face book (2%), folloed by titter (1%) and a very little number of students use instagram and linked in sites (3% and 2%). The results sho that the students are very much familiar of face book than other social netorking sites like instagram, pinterest and you tube. A clear picture is offered by fig ISSN: (Online), ISSN X (Print) ooll.. 44,, JJuullyy SSeepptt ,, IIssssuuee Time Spent on the use of Social Netorking sites Table 3: Time Spent on the use of Social Netorking sites Time Once a year once a month 2 once a eek 24 Less than 3 minutes minutes minutes minutes minutes 24 3 hours 3-5 hours 4 5hours The study found that majority of male students spent 6 to 9 minutes on the use of social netorking sites hile as most number of female students spent only 3 to 45 minutes on the use of social netork sites. The reason may be that boys have more free time available and are not restricted as much as female students from the use of these tools. A vivid picture is offered by fig 3. 23 ISSN: (Online), ISSN X (Print) ooll.. 44,, JJuullyy SSeepptt ,, IIssssuuee Media For Surfing Social Netorking Sites Table 4: Media For Surfing Social Netorking Sites Gadget Mobile Desktop Laptop Cybercafé school computer Lab From the study it is found that the both male (56%) and female (64%) use their mobile devices for accessing the social netorking sites folloed by desktop and laptop devices as you seen from above table Purpose Of Using Social Netorking Websites Table 5: Purpose of Social Netorking ebsites Purpose Chatting Information Sharing Just For Fun Making Ne Friends Table 5 reveals that the main purpose of using SNSs are chatting: male students (44%) and female students 2 (41%) folloed by information sharing: male students 52(26%) and female students 54(27%) ; making ne friends: males 42(%) hiles as females make it use for fun 44(22%). The purposes of using SNSs are mostly recreation than educational. 6. Use Of Social Netork Websites Table 6: use of social netorking sites USE Enjoying jokes Sharing notices of the exam time tables, dates, and hat teacher taught today and hat fun did they do in the class Wishing each other on birthday and other s days like valentine day, friends day etc Job information Check nes updates Status uploads Photo uploads ISSN: (Online), ISSN X (Print) ooll.. 44,, JJuullyy SSeepptt ,, IIssssuuee The study found that majority of students of both genders i.e. students 73(36.5%); 5(25%) and majority of students 51(25.5%); 71(35.5%)use SNSs for nes updates and for Sharing notices of the exam time tables, dates, and hat teacher taught them and hat fun did they do in the class. The overall summary is offered by table Benefits Of Using Social Netorking Sites Table 7: Benefits Of Using Social Netorking Sites Benefits N=5 Improve English communication skills 1 Decrease inferiority complex of talking and 155 riting Increase general knoledge and current Affairs 192 Provides a platform to make friendship ith reputed and elite personalities ho guide and 14 motivate us N= The table 7 clears shos that majority of students of both genders agree that SNSs are the platform to improve their communication skills (male students 9% & female students %), and increasing the depth of general knoledge and current affairs ( students 96% & female students 92.5%). Findings and Conclusion The major findings of the study are: % of the students ho use social netorking sites are at the age group of 161 years. Face book is popular SNSs among 2% of the students folloed by Titter (1%). 4% of students spent 6-9 minutes on the SNSs hile as 2% student spent 3-45 minutes on SNSs. 56% students and 64% students access SNSs from their mobile devices. 44% students and 41% students use SNSs for chatting purpose. Most of and students gets ne updates and information sharing like the exam time tables, dates, and hat teacher taught them and hat fun did they do in the class. Majority of the students of both genders agree that the use of SNSs improves their English communication skills and increases their general knoledge and current affairs. 24 ooll.. 44,, JJuullyy SSeepptt ,, IIssssuuee ISSN: (Online), ISSN X (Print) Social netorking sites have great potential for educational use and it is found that by chatting using Face book, Titters, and chatting online result in increase of the English communication. The inferiority complex of talking and riting in English is decreased. They are trying their best to rite and speak English hich results in better communication. Social netorking sites get updated ith the nes and other information hich results in increasing the General Knoledge and current affairs hich in result make a child ready for competitive examination. Theses social sites increases the links of the friendship ith reputed person and famous personalities and scientists hich on request guide and motivate these students. REFERNCES Ahmed, I., & Qazi, T. F. (June 1, 211). A look out for academic impacts of social netorking sites (SNSs): A student based perspective. African Journal of Business Management, 5, 12, Ahmed, I., & Qazi, T. F. (July 1, 211). Deciphering the social costs of social netorking sites (SNSs) for university students. African Journal of Business Management, 5, 14, DOI: 1.597/AJBM11.31 Alexa. (213). Al-Taraneh,H. A.(March 3, 214). The Influence of Social Netorks on Students Performance. Journal of Emerging Trends in Computing and Information Sciences, 5(3), 225.Retrieved from Cao, L., & Zhang, T. (212). Social Netorking Sites and Educational Adaptation in Higher Education : A Case Study of Chinese International Students in Ne Zealand, The cientific orld journal 212. doi:1.11/212/29356 Embi, M. A., Hamat, A., Din, R., Gabarre, S., & Gabarre, C. (January 27, 214). Evaluating the level of diffusion of social netorking sites among Malaysian university students. Asian Social Science, 1, 3, Hanson, C., West, J., Neiger, B., Thackeray, R., Barnes, M., & McIntyre, E. (July 1, 211). Use and Acceptance of Social Media among Health Educators. American Journal of Health Education, 42, 4, Retrieved from Huang, S. H., & Capps, M. (March, 214). Impact of Online Social Netork on American College Students' Reading Practices. College Quarterly, 16, 1.) Jain, N. K., & Tiari, P. (212). Going social : the
Related Search
We Need Your Support
Thank you for visiting our website and your interest in our free products and services. We are nonprofit website to share and download documents. To the running of this website, we need your help to support us.

Thanks to everyone for your continued support.

No, Thanks

We need your sign to support Project to invent "SMART AND CONTROLLABLE REFLECTIVE BALLOONS" to cover the Sun and Save Our Earth.

More details...

Sign Now!

We are very appreciated for your Prompt Action!