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What is a degenerative disease Initial Failed (1)

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What is a degenerative disease Initial Failed (1)
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    Degenerative disease is a condition that is commonly been misunderstood by everyone as a disease. Degeneration is an age-related condition but in some cases, it is also precipitated by other factors. It takes place when more than one discs between vertebrae of the spinal column break down or deteriorate, leading to a lifetime unbearable pain. The article educates the readers about the causes, symptoms, types, and treatment of Degenerative Disease. What is a degenerative disease? A degenerative disease is one that gradually compromises vital functions such as Alzheimer's disease and diabetes. Degenerative diseases act in an evolutionary manner, that is, they worsen the patient's condition over time, and are irreversible. There are treatments to control the evolution of the disease, but this type of pathology has no cure yet. The word degenerative comes from degenerate, which in its etymology means losing the essential qualities. In medicine, the degenerative adjective corresponds to the characteristic of cells and tissues that are losing their function, becoming essentially basic and, therefore, no longer control the activity to which they should be key in the functioning of the body. As a result, many patients lose their mobility, their memory, muscles stop working and hinder the activity of internal organs, reasons that can lead to death. But properly accompanied by a medical team and skilled healthcare professionals, the degenerative patient can enjoy a comfortable life with treatments that slow the development of the disease. What is degenerative disc disease? Degenerative dystrophic disk disease (DDDD) describes a human intervertebral disc dysfunction. Despite the terminology, DDZD is neither a joint disease, nor a progressive degenerative disorder. In contrast, disk degeneration is a frequently occurring effect of daily stress and minor injuries that lead to the gradual dehydration of the fibrous ring or the hard outer shell of the disk, and to its weakening. When the disks are dehydrated, they also weaken and degenerative processes are initiated. In total, these processes under the influence of the load on the spine lead to compression of the roots of the spinal cord, and are accompanied by severe pain and weakness. Degenerative-dystrophic disease of the disk can provoke acute or chronic pain in the back or neck, but, as a rule, pain localized at the site of the damaged disk is related to the pressure on the area surrounding the nerve roots. Commented [AK1]: A introductory paragraph is added.  Lumbar degenerative disc disease Intervertebral disc degeneration is associated with several clinical entities, such as low back pain, spinal canal stenosis and herniated disc. The intervertebral disc is known to be the structure of the musculoskeletal system most vulnerable to degenerative changes, beginning at an early age. The degenerative process of the spine can be organized into 3 distinct stages: dysfunction, instability and stabilization. This degenerative process can be a normal aging process and not cause painful conditions. However, it may be the etiology of clinical entities such as lumbar degenerative spondylosis, herniated disc or vertebral stenosis. Cervical degenerative disc disease Cervical spondylosis is a term used for osteoarthritis of the spine, it involves accidental disc degeneration or  joint facets. Asymptomatic is commonly the spontaneous degeneration, whereas the alternative terms is degenerative joint disease and degenerative disc disease (DAD).It is very important to know the symptoms, specific are the symptoms that can cause cervical spondylosis, neck arthritis (loss or pain in joint movement,  joint incompetence) or spinal cord pressure (cervical spondylitis myelopathy) or neurological complications of  join degeneration can be a symptom and/ or cervical nerve roots (cervical spondylitis radiculopathy) Causes of degenerative disc disease For some people, degenerative disc disease is part of the natural aging process. As we age, our intervertebral discs may lose flexibility, elasticity, and impact-absorbing characteristics. For others, degenerative disc disease can srcinate from a back injury.   Treatment for degenerative disc disease:   Degenerative disc disease treatment includes types of therapies such as occupational or physical, or both can be used as a treatment. Moreover special exercises, medications, surgery or losing weight can be used. It is very important to understand all types of treatment that helps relief pain.    CONSERVATIVE TREATMENT: Every patient fighting with back or neck pain associated with degenerative disc disease needs surgery to heal the pain. Many patients’ symptoms get cure through the use of non -surgical therapies such as medications, exercises, chiropractic care, and physical therapy. It is important to concern a doctor before surgery is the only option left. Commented [AK2]: Changed     SURGICAL THERAPIES: 1.   DYNAMIC STABILIZATION An interspinous spacer can be defined as the process to treat the symptoms of spinal stenosis. The condition caused by narrowing of the spinal canal is known as Spinal stenosis. An implant known as the spacer is designed especially to keep the space between your spinous process open, that helps you to stand upright, the nerves in your back will not get pinched with it or cause you pain. The process involves, enlarging the space between the bones in your back, so the spacer reduces the pressure on the spinal nerves, resulting in alleviating the symptoms of spinal stenosis, moreover includes    Numbness or tingling in the lower back, legs, and buttocks    Cramping, leg pain The spacer remains permanently in the place without the need of attaching screws or any hardware to the bone or any kind of ligaments in your back. Because the bone and the removal of the tissues is typically associated with traditional back surgery whereas, not necessary with a spacer. The natural autonomy of the spine remains preserved in spacer treatment. 2.   ARTIFICIAL DISC PROSTHESIS The artificial disc is designed especially for the patients to maintain the movement and flexibility by simply replacing a diseased disc from a person’s spine.   3.   SPINAL FUSION SURGERY Spinal Fusion Surgery is a traditional surgical procedure that has been used as a treatment for degenerative diseases of the spine for a long time now. The procedure involves using bone grafts and instruments such as screws and metal plates, it fuses two or more adjacent vertebrae. The purpose of Spinal fusion surgery is to stabilize the spine and relief pain. PROGNOSIS OF DEGENARATIVE DISC DISEASE   People with degenerative disc disease generally gets healed. Over time, we see with certain changes taken in their lifestyle, they simply reduce flare-ups, can easily manage pain and with some good care, some even eliminate the symptoms. And by the age they reach 65, inflammatory proteins in their discs no longer cause them pain: however, the discs are flexible and stiffer often is reduced. Commented [AK3]: Changed  WHAT IS DEGENERATIVE HIP DISEASE? Degenerative joint disease is a condition that can occur in any joint of the body, but commonly it affects are found in Hip, knees, spine, and hand. Degenerative joint disease is caused when the cartilage that cushions the bones ruptures and the bone surface is rubbed and exposed. This friction and irritation result in join inflammation, severe pain or even in the loss of  joint movement. Moreover, other results that can be seen are ligaments and muscles around the joint becoming stiffer and weaker or the development of bone spurs around the affected joints What is a degenerative nerve diseases? Degenerative diseases that affect the nervous system are also called neurodegenerative. The main ones are: Alzheimer s disease  Alzheimer's disease or bad affects the brain and causes the death of  neurons . Affected areas in the brain compromise memory, language ability and behavior. In Brazil, it is estimated that over 1 million people suffer from Alzheimer's disease. This disease mainly affects people from 60 years of age. Alzheimer's disease has no cure. The treatment consists in the use of medicines to stabilize the disease and offer relief and comfort to the patients. Symptoms    Progressive loss of memory, it is common to remember older facts and forget everyday situations    Progressive loss of cognitive ability    Reduction of social relationship capacity Parkinson s disease Parkinson's disease or bad is caused by the destruction of neurons in the area known as substantia nigra. This region is responsible for the production of the neurotransmitter dopamine . Among the various functions of dopamine is the control of body movements. Scientists believe that the destruction of neurons in the substantia nigra is related to aging. The treatment of Parkinson's disease is the use of medications. Commented [AK4]: Chnaged  Symptoms    Muscle stiffness    Speech disorder    Dizziness    Changes in sleep    Tremors in the upper limbs Multiple sclerosis Multiple sclerosis is an autoimmune disease in which the body's defense cells attack neurons and destroy their myelin sheath. This condition causes brain damage that leads to atrophy or loss of brain mass. Thus, central nervous system functions are compromised. Multiple sclerosis affects the brain, optic nerves and spinal cord. In Brazil, it is believed that 35,000 people are affected by multiple sclerosis. The disease mainly affects women between 20 and 40 years. Multiple sclerosis has no cure. The treatment is the basis of medicines and physical therapies. In some cases bone marrow transplantation may be performed. Symptoms Multiple sclerosis has a variety of symptoms, depending on the area of the brain and nerves involved. In general, some symptoms may be related to the disease:    Changes in sensitivity    Dizziness    Tiredness and muscle weakness    Loss of sight and hearing    Lack of coordination in movements Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a rare disease that can be acquired or hereditary. ALS causes the wear and death of the motor neurons of the brain and spinal cord responsible for voluntary and involuntary movements. In advanced stages of the disease, even involuntary breathing movement is impaired. There is no impairment of psychic ability. ALS has no cure. Treatment consists of medication and physical therapy.

O Lele

Oct 14, 2019
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