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What Is a Survey.docx

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What Is a Survey? Answer: A survey is a data collection tool used to gather information about individuals. Surveys are commonly used in psychology research to collect self-report data from study participants. A survey may focus on factual information about individuals, or it might aim to collect the opinions of the survey takers. A survey can be administered in a couple of different ways. In one method known as a structured inte
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  What Is a Survey? Answer:  A survey is a data collection tool used to gather information about individuals. Surveys are commonly used in psychology research to collect self-report data from study participants. A survey may focus on factual information about individuals, or it might aim to collect the opinions of the survey takers. A survey can be administered in a couple of different ways. In one method known as a structured interview, the researcher asks each participant the questions. In the other method known as a questionnaire, the participant fills out the survey on his or her own. Advantages of Using Surveys    Surveys allow researchers to collect a large amount of data in a relatively short period of time.    Surveys are less expensive than many other data collection techniques.    Surveys can be created quickly and administered easily.    Surveys can be used to collect information on a wide range of things, including personal facts, attitudes, past behaviors and opinions.    Disadvantages of Using Surveys    Poor survey construction and administration can undermine otherwise well-designed studies.    The answer choices provided on a survey may not be an accurate reflection of how the participants truly feels.    While random sampling is generally used to select participants, response rates can bias the results of a survey. Types of Survey Data Collection Surveys can be implemented in a number of different ways. Chances are good that you have participated in a number of different market research surveys in the past. Some of the most common ways to administer survey include:    Mail - An example might include an alumni survey distributed via direct mail by your alma mater.     Telephone - An example of a telephone survey would be a market research call about your experiences with a certain consumer product. Online - Online surveys might focus on your experience with a particular retailer, product or website.    At home interviews - The U.S. Census is a good example of an at-home interview survey administration. CHILD LABOUR IN INDIA  Child labour  in India and rest of the world, per World Bank data. India is in green with 10-20% incidence levels, along with countries in red (30-40%) and black (>40%). Child labour  is the practice of having children engage in economic activity, on part or full-time basis. The practice deprives children of their childhood, and is harmful to their physical and mental development. Poverty, lack of good schools and growth of informal economy are considered as the important causes of child labour inIndia. [1][2]  The 2001 national census of India estimated the total number of child labour, aged 5  –  14, to be at 12.6 million, out of a total child population of 253 million in 5-14 age group. [3][4]  A 2009-2010 nationwide survey found child labour  prevalence had reduced to 4.98 million children (or less than 2% of children  in 5-14 age group). [5]  The child labour problem is not unique to India; worldwide, about 217 million children work, many full-time. [6]  In 2001, out of 12.6 million child workers, about 120,000 children in India were in a hazardous job. [7]  UNICEF estimates that India with its larger  population, has the highest number of labourers in the world under 14 years of age, while sub-saharan African countries have the highest percentage of children who are deployed as child labour . [8][9][10] International Labour Organisation estimates that agriculture at 60 percent is the largest employer of child labour in the world, [11]  while United Nation's Food and Agriculture Organisation estimates 70% of child labour is deployed in agriculture and related activities. [12]  Outside of agriculture, child labour is observed in almost all informal sectors of the Indian economy. [13][14][15]  Companies including Gap, [16]  Primark , [17]  Monsanto [18]  have been criticised for child labour in their products. The companies claim they have strict  policies against selling products made by underage children, but there are many links in a supply chain making it difficult to oversee them all. [18]  In 2011, after three years of Primark's effort, BBC acknowledged that its award-winning investigative journalism report of Indian child labour use by Primark was a fake. BBC apologized to Primark, to Indian suppliers and all its viewers. [19][20][21]  Article 24 of India's constitution prohibits child labour. Additionally, various laws and the Indian Penal Code, such as the Juvenile Justice (care and  protection) of Children Act-2000, and the Child Labour (Prohibition and

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