Magazines/Newspapers

201435695

Description
www.mmtimes.com FEATURE tajccHOya'ü umvHk\ u@ ydkrkdjr§ihfwif&ef tMuHjyK tdtdwdk;vGifESifh xl;oefY eieitoelwin@gmail.com thanhtoo.npt@gmail.com zGUJ pnf;yHk tajccH Oya' jyif-qif&ef t du usonfh yk'fr 436 udk rjyif-qif-vdk-aomf vnf; wyfrawmf-udk,f-pm;-vS,f-trsm;pk-yg0ifaom trsKd;om; umuG,f-a&;-ESifh vHkjcHK a&; aumif-pD-(um-vHk)\ tcef;u@udk ydkrkdjr-§ifh-wif&ef wyfrawmf-om;-udk,f-pm;-vS,f rsm;u 2008 zGUJ pnf;yHktajccH Oya' jyifq - ifEk-id af &; taumif-txnf-azmfrI aumfrwD\ tpD&if-cH-pm-wGif tMu
Published
of 75
All materials on our website are shared by users. If you have any questions about copyright issues, please report us to resolve them. We are always happy to assist you.
Related Documents
Share
Transcript
  twG  J-35? trS wf-695 (24 - 30? 10? 2014) www.mmtimes.com  xdk if ;Ed k ifiH wG if NAdwdef Edk if iHom;ESpf OD ;ud k owf rI jzif h zrf ;qD;pGyf pJ GcH xm;&onf h vl i,f ESpf OD ;teuf wpfOD ;  jzpfonf h 0if ;aZmf xGef;\zcif jzpfol OD ;xGef ;xGef ;xd k uf ud k ,ck v 22 &uf aeY  u xk d if ;Ed k if iH? bef aumuf   Nrd KU&S d jrefrmoH½Hk ;a&S Uü rD'D,mrsm;ESih f awGUqHk aepOf/ jrefrmvli,f ESpfOD;wd  k Yu trI0efcHcsuf jyef½kyfodrf; tdtdwd  k;vGifESif  h xl;oef Y eieitoelwin@gmail.comthanhtoo.npt@gmail.com  zG J Upnf ;yH k  tajccH Oya' jyifqif&ef t du usonf h yk'fr 436 ud k rjyifqifvd kaomf vnf; wyfrawmfudk,fpm;vS,ftrsm;pkyg 0ifaom trsKd;om; umuG,fa&;ESif h vH kjcHK a&; aumifpD(umvHk )\ tcef;u@udk yd krkd jr§ifhwif&ef wyfrawmfom;udk,fpm;vS,f rsm;u 2008 zG  J Upnf;yH k tajccH Oya' jyifqif Ek  difa&; taumiftxnfazmfrI aumfrwD\ tpD&ifcHpm wGif tMuHjyKvdkufonf/ ,ckv 22 &ufu jyKvkyfonf h jynfaxmifpk  vTwfawmftpnf;ta0;wGif wifoGif;aom pmrsufES m 116 rsufES myg0ifonf h aumfrwD \ tpD&ifcHpmwGif vlxktrsm;qH k; pdwf0if pm;vsuf&d  Sonf h or®wavmif; t&nftcsif; owfrS wf csuf? zGJUpnf;yHk tajccH Oya' jyif qifa&; ponfh yk'f rrsm;tygt0if tjcm;yk'frrsm;ESifh pyfvsOf;í ygwDtoD; oD;\ jyif qif&ef tMuHKjyKcs ufrsm;udk tao;pdwfazmfjyxm;onf/ zG  J Upnf;yH ktajccHOya' jyifqifa&; yk'fr 436 ESifh ywfoufonf h tMuHjyKcsufwGif trsKd;om; 'D rdk ua& pD tzGJUcsK yf ESifh tjcm; ygwDrsm;url zG  J Upnf;yH k tajccH Oya'yg yk'fr rsm;ud k jyifqif&ef jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmf udk,fpm; vS,f tm;vHk;\ 75 &mcdk if EI ef; ausmf\ axmufcHrItpm; udk,fpm;vS,ftm;vH k;\ oH k;yHkESpfyHk (od k Yr[kwf) 50 &mcd kif vGefrif;ref lunmin.lm@gmail.com  xd k if ;Ed k if iH  cdkawm ifuR ef;ü pufwifbmv 15 &ufaeYutowfcHcJh&onf h NAdwdefEdkifiHom;ESpfOD; udk owfonf[kqdkum zrf;qD;pGyfpJGcHxm;&onf h jrefrm vli,fESpfOD;onf ¤if;wdk YtrI usL;vGefcJ h  onf[k xd kif;&JwyfzJ  G UxH 0efcHxm;rIud k w&m;0if ½kyfodrf;cJ hovd k ¤if;wd k Y\ rdbrsm;onfvnf; ,ckv 21 &ufaeYu xdkif;ADZm &&S  dcJhNyD; ,ckv 22 &uf aeYwGif jrefrmEdkifiHrS avaMumif;c&D;pOfjzifh xdkif; Ed kifiHodk Y a&muf&S  daeNyDjzpfonf/ ¤if;wdk Yonf vli,fESpfOD; ESif h awGUqH kMu rnf  jzpfNyD; xd kif;Ed kifiHwGif wpfvcef Y aexd kifMurnfjzpf onf[k xd kta&;udpöud k vdkufyg aqm if&Gufay; aeol ynma&; zGH YNzd K;wdk;wuf a&; azm if a'; &Sif; (jref rm) trIaqm if 'g ½dk ufwm OD;xl; cs pfu ,ckv 14 &ufaeYwGif jrefrm*sme,fvpfuGef&uf ½H k;cef;ü jyKvkyfcJ haom owif;pm &Sif;vif;yG  JwGif ajymMum;cJhonf/ tqd kyg trIESihf ywfoufNyD; aqG;aEG;yG  JwpfyJ  G ud k ,ckv 23 &ufaeY naeyd kif;u befaumufNrd KU wGifusif;ycJh&m xdkif;trsKd;om; vlYtcGifhta&; aumfr&Sif? xdkif;a&SUaersm; aumifpD? jrefrm oH½Hk; wm0ef&S  dolrsm;ESihf jrefrmtvkyform;ta&; vIyf &S m;aeolrsm;tygt0if zrf;qD;cH 0if;aZmfxGef;ESih  f aZmfvif;wd k Y\ rdbrsm; yg0ifum qufvufaqmif  &Gufrnf hudpörsm;ukd aqG;aEG;cJ hMuonf/ vli,fESpfOD;u trIusL;vGefcJhonf[k xdkif;  &JwyfzGJ UxH 0efcHxm;rIudk jyefvnf½kyfodrf;cJhNyD; FEATURE tajccHOya'ü umvHk\ u@yd  krk  djr§ihfwif&ef  tMuHjyK   mwf ykH - attufzf yD  pmrsufESm 2 odk YpmrsufESm 4 odk Y    atmufwd  kbm 24 – 30? 2014 2 jynfwGif;owif; rNidrf;csrf;aom a'orsm;wGif a&G;aumufyGJ twwfEk  difqHk;vkyfay;rnf[k aumfr&Sifajym &JrGef yemon.mcm@gmail.com 2015 ckESpf? Ed k0ifbmvtwGif; usif;yrnf [k aMunm xm;onfh a&G;aumuf yGJudk xd ktcsdefü rNidrf;csrf;aom a'orsm;&S  dae ao;yguvnf; xk  da'orsm;ü twwfEdkif qH k; jyKvkyfay;rnfjzpfaMumif; jynfaxmifpk  a&G;aum ufyG  J aumfr&Sif Ouú| OD;wif at;u ajymMum;onf/ &efukefNrd KU&S  d yef'g [d kw,fü atmuf wd kbm 22 &ufu a&G;aumufyG  Jaumfr&Sif  ESifh pme,f Zif; aum if pD (,m,D) wdkY awGUqH krItNyD; owif;pm &Sif;vif;yG  JwGif xdkodk Y ajymMum;cJh jcif;jzpfNyD; rNidrf;csrf; ao;aom a'orsm;u vlxkud k,fpm;vS,f  wpf OD;pD vTwf awmf wGif; yg0if Edk if a&; twGuf jyKvkyfay;rnf[kvnf; qd konf/ ]]wcsKd U&m EIef;jynfhrNidrf;csrf;wJ h ae&m awG &S  dw,f/ &Gmaygif; 30 &Sdw,f/ 10 &Gm u rat;csrf;bl;/ &Gm 20 u at;csrf;ae w,fqd k&if tJ'D&G m 20 twGuf a&G;aumuf  yGJvkyfNyD; udk,fpm;vS,favmif;wifrS myg}} [k OD;wifat;u ajymonf/2012 ckESpf Mum;jzwfa&G;aum ufyGJ wGif ucsifjynfe,fü tpd k;&wyfESif h ucsif vGwfajrm ufa&; wyfzG  JUrsm;tMum; wd kuf yGJrsm; jzpfaejcif;aMumif h e,fajrwnfNidrf  at; cs rf; rI r&Sd onfh twGuf zm;uefY? rd k;aumif;? Aef;armf ponf hNrdKUe,foH k;ckü a&G;aumufyG  J jyKvkyfEd kifcJhjcif;r&Sday/ ]]ucsifjynfe,f zm;uefY? rdk;aumif;? Aef;armf tJ 'D tcsd efrSm aumfr&S ifu rJpm &if; aum uf vdkYr&bl;/ wcsKdUyg wD awGu awmxJtxdoG m;vd kY&NyD; pnf;½H k; a&; vkyfvdkYvnf;&w,f/ wcsKd Uyg wDawG uawmh r&bl;/ tJ'g aMumif h vGwfvyf rQwwJ h a&G;aumufyGJrjzpfEdkifawmhbl;vdk Y aumfr&Sifu oH k;oyfNyD; a&G;aumufyG  J qd kif; iHhcJ hw,f}}[k OD;wifat;uajymonf/ a&G;aum ufyG  Jaumfr&Sifu wnfNidrfat; cs rf; rI r&Sd ao;aom a'orsm;wGif a&G;aumufyG  J jyKvk yf ay; jc if; r&Sd cJh onfh twGuf tqdkyg a'oES ifh a'ocH wdkY zGH UNzd K;wdk;wufa&;twGuf tvGefepfem cJh aMumif; ucsifjynfe,f? tif*sef;,efrJqE´  e,f jynf olY vT wf awmf udk,fpm;vS,f a':'GJblu ajymonf/ ]]rwnfNidrfvdk Y rJyH k;raxmifwm ucsif  jy nf e,f rSmyJ &Sdw,f/ vlxk rwnf Nid rf wmr[kwfwJhtwGuf a'ocHawGtwGuf ud k,fpm;vS,f r&S  dwJhtwGuf trsm;BuD; epfem aew,f/ autdkiftd kbufuawmh  a&G;aumufyGJud k zsufvdkzs ufqD;vkyfrSm awmh r[kwfygbl;/ typftcwf&yfpJa&; vuf rS wf rxdk;&ao; &if awmif jynf ol awGrepfem zd kY a&G;aumufyGJatm ifjrifzdkY  twGuf ESpfzufvH k;u ulnDr,fvd kYvnf; ,HkMu nf ygw,f/ tckwdk uf yGJ awGvnf; rjzpf oavm ufyJ/ 'gayrJh zm;uefY rSm awmh ausmufpdrf;wGif;em;rS m ESpfzufwyf awGu wif;rm wm awG &Sd aew,f}}[k  ¤if;u ajymonf/ ucs if vG wf ajrm uf a&;tzGJU\ 'kppf OD; pD; csKyf Adkvf csK yf *G rf armfu 2014 ckESpf Mum;jzwfa&G;aum ufyG  JwGif ucsif jy nf e,f\ vpfvyf rJ qE´ e,frsm;ü a&G;aumuf yGJ jyK vk yf rnf qdk ygu cGifh jyK onf[k ajymMum;xm;onf/ g EIef;ausmf\ oabmwlnDcsufjzifh jyifqif &ef tMuHjyKonf/ jynfaxm ifpkMuH hckdifa&;ESif h zGUHNzd K;a&; ygwDurl wdusa&&monf h tMuHjyKcsufray;bJ jynfolrsm;ESif h jynfol Y  ud k,fpm;vS,frsm;\ ta&;ygrI tcef;u@ ud k tajctae tcsdeftcg ESif h vk  dufavsm nDpGm wk  d;jr§if hay;&rnf[kom tMuHjyKxm; onf/ ,if;zGJUpnf;yH k tajccHOya' jy ifqifEkdifa&;twGuf t dusonf h wyfrawmf vTwfawmfud k,fpm;vS,frsm;url zG  JUpnf;yHk tajccHOya'jyifqifa&; yk'fr 436 ud k rjyif qif vkd aMum if; ESihf jynf axm if pk vTwfawmfwGif aqG;aEG;&ef tMuHjyKxm;onfudk awGU&onf/ od kYaomf tcef;(5) tkyfcsK yfa&; u@ wGif trsKd;om;um uG,fa&;ESifh vH kjcHKa&; aumifpD zGJ Upnf;&ef yk'fr 201 jzifh jy|mef; xm; aomfvnf; wyfrawmf om; ud k,fpm;vS,frsm;u aumifpD\ wm0efrsm; ud k yk'frcG  Jrsm;jzih  f tao;pdwf xyfrHjznf hpGuf  &eftMuHjyKxm;onf/ umvH kwGif Ek  difiHawmf  or®w? 'kwd, or®wESpfOD;? vTwfawmf Ouú| ESpfOD; ? wyfrawmfum uG,fa&; OD;pD;csKyf? 'kwd, wyfrawmfumuG,fa&; OD;pD;csKyfESif h  umuG,fa&;OD;pD;csKyfu wkduf½k  dufcefYtyf yd kifcGif h&d  Sonf h umuG,fa&;0efBuD;? Ek  difiHjcm; a&;0efBuD;? jynfxJa&;0efBuD;Xme 0efBuD; ESifh e,fpyf a&;&m 0efBuD;wkdYyg 0if&m tzGJ U0if 11 OD;&dSonfhteuf wyfrawmf bufu tzGJ U0ifajcm ufOD;txd ae&m,l xm;onf/ xyfrH jz nfh pG uf&ef tMuHjyK xm;onfh yk'frcGJ (c) wGif tcsuf ig; cs uf yg 0ifNyD; aumifpDtaejzihf ta&;ay: tajctaeaMu nm &m wGif Edkif iH awmf or® wtm; vkd tyfaom tMuHÓ Pf ay; &ef? or®w vGwf Nid rf; cs rf; om cG ifh ay; vdkonfhtcg vk  dtyfonf h axmufcHcsufrsm;ay;&ef? Ek  difiH  awmf umuG,fa&;? vH kjcH Ka&;? w&m;Oya' pdk;rkd;a&;ESifh jynf wGif; Nidrf; cs rf;a&;udpö rsm;wGif or®wtm; tMuHÓ Pf ay;&ef? tmPmoHk;&yf tcsif; csif; tjyeftvSef xdef; aus mif; rIrsm; ,dk,Gif; vmonfhtcg jynf olY vT wf awmf odkYr[kwf trsKd;om; vTwfawmfudk zsufodrf;&ef oifh? roif h EkdifiHawmf or®wud k tMuHay;&ef? jynfol od kYr[kwf trsKd;om;vTwfawmf udk,fpm; vS,fta&twGuf oH k;yHkwpfyHkESifh txuf taMum if;rsKd;rsKd;aMumifh vpfvyfoG m;ygu vTwf awmfudk zsuf od rf;&ef oifh? roifh Ekdif iH awmfor®wtm; tMuHay; &rnf[k jy|m ef;oifhaMumif; aumfrwD\ tpD&ifcH pm wGif azmfjyxm;onf/ xk  dYjyif EkdifiHawmfor®w\ vkyfydkifcGif h rsm;ud k jy|m ef;xm;onf h yk'fr 212 wGif yk'frcG  J (u) rS (p)txd umvHk\ tcef; u@ ryg0ifaomfvnf; ]]Ek  difiHawmfor®w onf tmPm oHk;&yf tcs if; csif; tjyef tvSef xdef; aus mif; rIrsm; ,dk,Gif; vm onf htcg trsKd;om;umuG,fa&;ESif h vH kjcHK a&; aum ifpD\ axmufcHtMuHjyK cs ufjzih  f jynf olY vT wf awmfudkjzpfap? trsKd;om; vTwfawmfud kjzpfap zsufodrf;NyD; &ufaygif; 90 twGif; a&G;aumufyG  J jyefvnfusif;y ay;&rnf}}qkdonf h tcsufud k yk'frcGJ (q) taejzif h xyfrH jznh  fpGuf&ef wyfrawmfom; udk,fpm;vS,frsm;u tMuHjyKxm;onf/ ,if;tMuHjyKcsuftay: a&G;aumufcH vT wf awmf udk,f pm; vS,f tcsKdUu a0zef cJh MuNyD; rauG;wkdif;a'oBuD; rJqE´e,f trSwf(12) rS trsKd;om;vTwfawmf ud k,fpm; vS,f OD;vSaqGu ,if;jznfhpGufcsufrS m rjzpf oifh aMumif; ¤if;\ vlrI uG ef &uf pm rs ufESm ( Facebook) wGif a&;om; cJh onf/ ]]'gBuD;u tmPm&Sifqefwmvm;aygh/ b,fvk  drS rjzpfoif hbl;av/ or®wvnf; a&G;aumufcHudk,fpm;vS,fwpfa,mufyJ/ oluae vTwfawmfESpf&yfvH k;ud k zsufodrf; ypfvkd Y&w,fqd kwm tmPm &SifyJ jzpfoGm; rSmaygh/ 'gaMumif h rjzpfoifhbl;vkd Y ajymwm yg}}[k OD;vS aqGu jref rm wkd if;( rf)ukd ajymonf/ or®wavmif; t&nftcsif;owfrSwf csuf yk'fr 59 (p) jyifqif&ef wyfrawmf bufu tMuHjyKcsufwpfpHkwpf&m rawGU& bJ jynfaxm ifpkMuHhckdifa&;ESif h zGUHNzd K;a&; ygwDu tajctaetcsdeftcgt& pOf;pm;aqm if &G uf oifhaMumif; tMuHjyK xm;NyD; tifeft,fvf'D ygwDurl y,fzsuf&ef tMuH jyK xm; onf/ tjcm;ygwDrsm;\ tMuHjyK csufwGif or®wavmif;\ rdb? ZeD;? cifyGef; ud kom Ek  difiHjcm;om; ok  dYr[kwf EkdifiHjcm; tpk  d;& MoZmcH rjzpf&efvk  dtyfNyD; rlv jy|mef; csufwGif yg0ifaom w&m;0if om;orD;? om;orD;wpfOD;OD;\ ZeD;qkdonf h pum;&yf ud k jzKwfy,f&ef tMuHjyKxm;onf/ tqkd yg tpD &if cH pm ESihfywfoufNyD; aqG;aEG;tMuHjyKvdkaom vTwfawmfukd,fpm;vS,frsm;taejzifh ,ckv 24 &ufaeY aem ufqHk;xm;um vTwfawmfod kY trnf  pm &if;ay;&rnfjzpfaMum if;od&onf/ g tajccHOya'ü umvHk\u@ yd  krk  djr§ihfwif&ef . . .  rsuf ESmzHk ;rS owif ;wd  k Ed  kifiHjcm;&if;ES  D;jr§KyfES  HrI ESpfqcef Y jrif  hwufvm  ,ck ES pf  2014ã15 b@mESpf\ yxr ajcmufvtwGif; Ed kifiHjcm;&if;ESD;jr§KyfESH  rI tar&duef a':vm 3 'or 6 bDvsH ausmf 0ifa&m ufcJ h&m NyD;cJ honf hb@m ESpf ,if;umv yrmPxuf ESpfqcef Y 0ifa&m ufcJ haMumif; jrefrm Ed kifiH  &if;ES  D;jr§KyfES  HrI aumfr&Sif udef; *Pef;rsm;u azmfjyonf/ NyD;cJhonfh  2013ã14 b@mESpf  yxrajcmufvwGif EdkifiHjcm;&if;ES  D;jr§KyfES  H rI yrmP uefa':vm 1 'or 6 bDvsHausmf 0ifa&m ufcJhNyD; ,if;ESpf  wpfESpfvH k;wGif uefa':vm av;bDvsHcef Y 0ifa&m ufcJhjcif; jzpfonf/ ,ckb@m ESpftwGif; EdkifiHjcm;&if;ES  D;jr§KyfES  HrI uefa':vm ig;bDvsHcefY 0ifa&m uf&ef jrefrm EdkifiH &if;ES  D;jr§KyfES  HrIaumfr&Sifu arQmfrSef; xm;onf/ g  pE´ mvGif  www.mmtimes.com jynfwGif;owif; 3 arG;uif;puav;aoqk  H;rI aq;aumifpD ppfaq;rI rpwifao; a&T&nfapmjrif  hESif  h jrif  hauoD poepwintphyu2011@gmail.com  arG ;uif puav; aoqkH;rIESif h ywfoufum a':aEG;0g 0g vwfrdom;pku 0dwk  d&d,aq;½kH ESifh om;zGm;rD;,yf txl;uk ygarm u© a'g ufwm cifodef;OD;tay: wkdifMum;rIuk  d jrefrm EkdifiHaq;aum ifpDtaejzif h vufcH aqmif&Gufay;&ef rqk  H;jzwf&ao;aMumif; jrefrmEk  difiHaq;aumifpD Ouú| a'gufwm ausmfvSu jrefrm wk  dif;(rf)uk  d ,ckv 20 &ufaeYwGifajym onf/ ]]uR ef awmfwkdY arG;uif;puav; ao qk  H;rIeJY ywfowfNyD; um,uH&Sifrdom;pk&JU wd kifpmuk  d vufcH&&S  dayr,f h 'DtrIuk  dvufcH aqmif&Gwfay;zk  d Y uRefawmf aq;aumifpD&J U tzGJU0ifawGeJY aqG;aEG;rwkdif yif &ao; yg bl;/ olwk  d YawGeJ Y tpnf;ta0;vkyf oabm xm; rSwfcs uf,lNyD;rS qkH;jzwfr,f/ b,f tcsdef tpnf;ta0; vk yf jz pf r,f qkdwm rajymEkdifao;bl;}}[k ¤if;u ajym onf/ 0dwkd&d,aq;½kHwGif arG;zG m;NyD; ok  H;&uf  tMum wGif aoqk  H;cJ honfh &ifaoG;i,fESif h ywfoufNyD; 0dwkd&d,aq;½kH\ 0efaqmifrI tm;enf;csuf? aq;½kHq&m 0ef\ wm0ef vpf[if; rIudk a':aEG;0g 0g vwfu aq; aum if pD ESifh usef; rm a&; 0ef BuD;XmexH ,ckvwwd,ywfwGif wk  difMum;cJhonf/ ,ckv 18 &ufaeYu jyKvkyfcJ honf h owif; pm &S if; vif; yGJ wGif a':aEG;0g 0g vwfu taejzif h atmufwk  dbmv 3 &ufaeYwGif  uav;arG;zGm;&eftwGuf 0dwk  d&d,aq;½k  H okd Ywufa&m ufcJhNyD; tqkdyg aq;½k  HrS om; zGm;rD;,yf txl; uk yg armu© a'guf wm cif od ef; OD; ES ifh jy ocJhNyD; ½kd;½kd;arG;&efpD pOf cJhaMum if;? a'gufwm cifodef;OD; aq;½k  Hü r&SdonfhtcsdefwGif Akdufem vm cJ hNyD; ta&; ay: uav;arG;zGm;&ef vk  dtyfonfhtajc taejzpfvm cJ honf[k ajymMum;onf/ ]]uRefr Adkufwtm;em aevdk Y arG;cef;ud k ydkYay;yg awm hvd kY ajymcJ hygw,f/ arG;cef;udk  oGm;awmh m wfavSum;rS m arG;rSmpd k;vdkY  olemjyKq&mru uRefrajcaxmufawGud k aphxm;w,f/ arG;cef;a&S Ua&mufawmhvnf; arG;cef;tqifoifh rjzpfao;yg bl;? 0ifvd kY r&bl;vd k Y ajymw,f/ uav;av;ud k arG;pif ay: ra&m uf cif? arG;pifrSm ajcaxm uf rcsdwf&ao;cif tcsdefrS m arG;vd kufwmyg/ uav;u ig;aygifokH;atmif p&Sd ygw,f/ arG;cef;xJrSm q&m0ef r&SdbJ ta&;ay: arG;cJh&ygw,f}}[k ¤if;uajym onf/ uav;arG;zGm;NyD; oH k;em&DtausmfwGif uav;rSm touf½SLoH rMum;&ojzifh &efuif; aq; ½kH okdY vTJajym if; ay; cJhNyD; atmufwd kbm v 5 &ufaeYwGif touf aum if; pGm r½SL&í tqkwf ayg ufNyD; &ifacg if; wGif; avjy nfhum ESvH k;udk zdí aviwfaoqHk;&jcif;jzpfonf[k aq;½k  Hu ajym Mum;aMumif; ¤if;u ajym onf/ ta': t&if; awmf pyfol a':pH y,f vwfu ,ckjzpf&yfESifh ywfoufNyD; aq;½k  H u wm0ef&Sdolrsm;ESifh pum;ajym qk  dcJhNyD; epfemaMu; usyfodef; 500 awmif; qkdcJhaomfvnf; 0dwkd &d,aq; ½kH tk yf csK yf a&; tzGJ Uu jiif;qk  dcJhonf[kqd konf/ tqk  dygudpöESif h ywfoufNyD; ¤if;wk  d Ytae jz ifh ppf aq; NyD;jz pf aMum if;? um,uH&Sif udk today;&Sif;jycJhNyD;jzpfaMumif; t du azmfjyxm;onf h oabmxm; xkwfjyefcsuf uk  d atmufwk  dbmv 15 &ufaeYwGif 0dwk  d&d, aq; ½kH tk yf csK yf rI tzGJUu aq;½kH\ vlrI uGef&ufpm rsufem wGif xkwfjyefcJ honf/ 0dwkd &d,aq; ½kH\ aq;½kH tk yf csK yf rI tzGJUudk jref rm wkd if; (rf)u ar; jr ef;&ef tBudrf Bud rfBuK d;pm; cJh aomfvnf; aq;½kH bufu jyefvnfwkHYjyefjcif;r&S  dcJhay/ tar&d uef jy nf axm ifpk abmfpwG ef Nrd KU&S  d Tufts University School of Medicine  – Public Health and Community Medicine Department wG if  Adjunct Assis-tant Professor wpfOD;tjzpf aq;ynmusif h0wf ES ifh  health and Human Rights bm om &yfrsm;ukd oifMum;yk  d Ycsaeol a'gufwmjrif h OD;u tqk  dygudpöESif h ywfoufNyD; aq;½k  HESifh q&m0efwk  d Y\wm0efESif h usif h0wf csKd;azmuf rI &Sd r&Sdukd aq;aum ifpDtae jzifh rSefrSef uefuefESifh wm0ef,l ppfaq;aqm if&Guf ay;&ef vk  daMum if;ajym onf/ ]]Ek dif iH wum rSm qkd &if awmh tckvkd jz pf &yf rsK d;jz pf NyDqkd&if aq;½kH rSm a&m? q&m0efrS m a&m wm 0ef&Sdw,f? wu,fqk  d aq;½kH rSm ypö nf; ud &d,m jy nfh jy nfh pkH pkHeJY ukoray;EkdifwJ h 0efaqm ifrIr&Sd&if aq;½kH rwuf cif uwnf;u vlem awG ukd &S if; jy ay; zkd Yvkdw,f/ aemuf wpf cku txl;uk q&m0efwpfa,muftaeeJ Yuvnf; aq;½k  H rSm tcsdef jy nfh &S  d rae Ekd if&if rdrd wm 0ef ,lxm;wJ h arG;vlemukd ta&;ay:jzpfcJh&if arG;zGm;ay;zk  d U q&m0efwpfa,mufa,muf uk  dwm 0efvTJxm; ay;zkdYvkdw,f}}[k a'guf wm jrifhOD;u ajymonf/ g  rEÅav;Nrd KU r[matmif ajrNrd KUe,f 55 vrf ;? 36 vrf ;ES if h 37 vrf ;Mum;&S d w½k wf pmoif ausmif ;wG if ,ck v 22 &uf   aeY eHeuf 10 em&D rdepf20 cefY  u tJ uGef;rD;jzwfpuf tylvGefuJ&mrS rD ;pwif avm ifuR  rf;ojzifh ay 30  ywf vnf tm&fpDESpfxyfaqm  if&Sd tcef ;av;cef; rD ;avm  ifuR rf ;cJ hNyD; usyf 87 odef ; ausmfqH k;½IH ;cJhaMumif;  rEÅav;wd kif;a'oBuD ; rD ;owfOD;pD;XmerS od&onf/ owif ;ES if h   mwf yk H - pnfol vG if rEÅ av;&S d w½kwfpmoifausmif; rD;avmif ykodrfü trsKd;orD;zd  k&rfusif;yrnf 2015 taxGaxGa&G;aum ufyGJESifh 2015 ckESpftvGef jrefrmhEdkifiHa&;wdkYwGif trsKd; orD; yg 0ifrI ydkrdk tm; aum if; vm ap&ef &nf&G,f cs uf jzifh wwd,tBudrf ajrmuf trsKd;orD;zd k&rfud k ,ckv 29 ESih  f 30 &ufaeY rsm;wGif {&m0wDwdkif;a'oBuD;? ykodrfNrdKU? ykodrf[dkw,fü usif;yoGm;rnfjzpfonf/2012 ckES pf ESifh 2013 ckES pf wdk YwGif yxrtBudrf ESifh 'kwd,tBud rf tjzpf usif; ycJhonfh zdk&rfrsm;rS xGuf ay: vm onfh xkwf jy ef cs uf ESifh trsKd;orD; tzGJU tpnf;rsm;\ vkyfaqm ifcsufrsm;ud k jyef vnf oHk;oyfNyD; avhvm &m wGif awGU&Sd &onf h tm;enf;csufrsm;ESif h ,if;tm;enf; cs ufrsm;udk jyif qif Edk if &ef twGuf vkyf aqm if &rnfh tcs ufrsm;udk tqdkyg zdk &rf twGif; aqG;aEG;oGm;rnfjz pf onf[k zefwD;tdrf  (Creative Home) rS 'g ½dkufwm a'gufwma':a&Ta&Tpdefvwfu ajymonf/ ]]zdk&rfudk usif;ywJhtcg rS m qd k&ifjrefrm Edk if iH&JU 'Drdk ua& pD jyK jy if ajym if; vJ rIrSm trsKd;orD; yg 0ifrI ydkrd ktm; aum if; atmif  enf;vrf;awGud k aqG;aEG;r,f? azmfxkwf oGm;r,f/ aemufNyD; t&ifa&G;aum ufyGJawGrS m trsKd;orD;awG yg0ifrIenf;yg;&jcif; &J U taMumif;w&m;ud k avhvmMunf hwJ htcg us awmh owif;tcs uf tvuf &&Sd rIu t&rf;tm; enf; wmudk awGU&w,f/ 'gaMumifh owif;tcs uf tvuf ydk rdk &&Sd &if trsdK;orD;awG a&G;aumufyG  JeJ YEd kifiHa&; jzpfpOfawGrS m tckxufyd kNyD; yg0ifvm Ed kif w,f/ tJ'DtwGuf trsKd;orD;awG owif; tcsuftvuf yd krd k&&S  dzd k YtwGuf azmfxkwf& r,fh? vkyf aqm if &r,fh tcs uf awG udk vnf; aqG;aEG;oGm;MurSmyg}} [k ¤if;u ajymonf/ tdrf&Siftjzpf vufcHusif;rnf h {&m0wD  wdk if; a' oBuD;twGuf Edkif iH a&; yg wD ESifh t&yfbuf tzGJ Ytpnf;rsm; tm;vHk; tygt0if ta,muf 70 ae&m ay; xm;NyD; ,if;zd k&rfodk Y tzG  JYtpnf;ayg if;pHkrS vlOD;a& ta,muf 300 cefY wufa&m uf rnf[k arQmfrS ef; xm; aMumif; ¤if;u ajymMum;onf/ g  vGefrif ref;   atmufwd  kbm 24 – 30? 2014 4 jynfwGif;owif; MYANMAR CONSOLIDATED MEDIA LTD. trIaqmift&m&S d csKyf  wd keDcsKdif;vf'f  tonychild.mcm@gmail.com  owif;Xme 'g½d kufwm oD[apm editorial.director.mcm@gmail.com 'k - pDrH cef Y cJ GrIt&m&S d csKyfESif h pD;yG m;a&;pmwnf; (jrefrm) wifrk d;atmif  tinmoeaung.mcm@gmail.com pmwnf;rª; (jrefrm) qef;OD; sannoo@gmail.com pmwnf;rª; (t*Fvdyf ) aomrwfpfuif;(ef ) tdkean@gmail.com pmwnf;rª; (txl;tcsyfyd k ) rsKd;vGif  myolwin286@gmail.com  owif;axmuf csKyf  aZmf0if;oef; zawwinthan@gmail.com 'k-pmwnf;rª;ESif h vlrI b0pmwnf; (jrefrm)  rk d Yrk d Yaomf  mohthaw@gmail.com 'k-pmwnf;rª; (jrefrm)- at;py,fjzL tBuD;wef;pmwnf; -armifaoG;opf twk difyif cHpmwnf;- rod*Р 'k-pD;yG m;a&;pmwnf; (jrefrm) -at;oDwmausmf tBuD;wef;vufaxmufpmwnf; -pE´ mvGif tm;upm;pmwnf;- xGef;aeatmif vlrI b0pmwnf; (t*Fvdyf ) -0Spfwaevd kufwf Ed kifiHwumpmwnf; -wifpdef mwfyH kXme (refae*sm)- aumif;xuf mwfyH k owif;axmufrsm; -oD&dvl? atmifaX;vI dif? ZmenfNzKd; rEÅ av;½H k;cJ G wm0ef cH  pwl;0yftvefbufum   stuart.becker@gmail.com rEÅ av;½H k;cJ G jzef Y csda&;Xme mdydistribution.mcm@gmail.com aejynfawmf½H k;cG J wm0ef cH  pkvI difxGef;   hsuhlainghtun.mcm@gmail.com aejynfawmf½k H;cJ G jzefY csda&;Xme nptdistribution.mcm@gmail.com xkwfvkyfa&;Xme   refae*sm - Zmenf? zarnicj@gmail.com 'k-xkwfvkyfa&; refae*sm - aZmfEd kifpd k;? zawna2@gmail.com 'DZd kif;Xme'g½k dufwm - wifaZmfaxG;? yH kES dyfXmerª; aX;armif  uhtaymaung@gmail.com refae*sm (yk HES dyfpuf ) -cifarmif aMumfjimXme'g½dkufwm a *sqDa*h(csf ) ads.myanmartimes@gmail.com aMumfjimXme 'k-'g½k dufwmrsm;- nDnDxGef;? csrf;omOD;?  aersKd;OD;? eE´ mck dif ta&mif;refae*sm   (Classies) - cifrGefrGef&nf aiGpm&if;refae*sm rGefrGefomqd kif  monmonthasaing@gmail.com pDrHa&;&mXme cd kifqk,Of? [efOD;cif  khinesu1988@gmail.com xkwfa0ol  a'gufwmwifxGef;OD; (NrJ04142)td kifwDrefae*sm ausmfaZ,smvif; kyawzayarlin@gmail.com jzef Y csda&; refae*sm olZm0if;   thuzarwinn@gmail.com aMumfjimESif h vay;0,f,la&;udpörsm; pH kprf;&ef  zkef; (951) 253 642? 392 928? zufpf  (951) 254 158 jrefrmwd kif;(rf ) owif;ESif h pD;yG m;a&;*sme,fud k jrefrmuGefqd k  vD'dwfwuf rD'D,m (Myanmar Consolidated Media)   u yd kifqd kifNyD; a&Tpifyk HES dyfwk duf (0368) ESif h pG,fpH krD'D,m (08102) u wm0ef,l yH kES dyfxkwfa0ygonf/ acgif;pD;pmom;rS m t*Fvdyfbmomtm;jzif h  The Myanmar Times   jzpfNyD; jrefrmbmomtm;jzif h jrefrmwk dif;(rf ) [l í jzpfum jrefrmwd kif;(rf )\ trSwfwHqdyfvd k*d k  (Logo)  tygt0if oufqd kifaom oauFwtrSwftom;rsm;tm;vH k;ud k vnf;aumif;? pmapmifrsm;wGifyg&S daom owif;? mwfyH k tp&S donf h taMumif; t&m tm;vH k;ud kvnf;aumif;? wpfpdwfwpfa'oud kvnf;aumif; jrefrmuGefqd kvD'dwfwuf rD'D,m (Myanmar Consolidated Media)   \ pmjzif h a&;om;cGif hjyKcsufrygbJ jyefvnf  ul;,lazmfjyjcif; rjyKMu&ef/ Myanmar Consolidated Media Ltd. www.mmtimes.com &efukef½H k;csKyf - 379^383? Ad kvfatmifausmfvrf;? ausmufwHwm;NrdKUe,f? &efukef/ zkef; (951) 253 642? 392 928/ zufpf (951) 254 158 rEÅ av;½H k;cG J  - wk duf p^1? ref;rEÅvmtdrf&m? 35 vrf; (70 ESih f 71 vrf;Mum;)? &efrsKd;vk H&yfuGuf? csrf;at;ompHNrdKUe,f? rEÅ av;/ zkef;   (02) 65391? 74585? zufpf (02) 24460 aejynfawmf½H k;cG J - trSwf 15^496? &mZXmeDvrf;? aygif;avmif; (2)&yfuGuf? ysOf;rem;NrdKU/ zkef;   (067) 21426? 25309? 25982? 25983/ uav;eJ Y udk,f0ef&Sdaew,fAsm/ ydkqdk;wm u 'Dvl,kwfrmu uRefawmfhtodrdwfaqG  jzpfaeawmh jrifraumif;bl;/ olwdkY ESpfa,mufa&SUrSm wwGJwGJ vkyfae uwnf;u &ifxJodyfrowDcsifbl;/ 'DieJ  taMumif;ud k uk  d,fawGtodqH k;ud k;/ aumif  rav; udk,f0ef&SdwJhudpö 'DbJyJajymwm/ aumifrav;ud k,f0ef&Sdcsdef rvdrf hwywfeJY  avQmfNyD; xGufajy;cJ hwmvnf; olyJajymwm/ aumifrav; olYp&dwfeJYol ppfudkif;rSm uk  d,f0efoG m;zsufcswmvnf; olyJajymwm/ uRefawmfqd kwmav 'DbJud k pdwfawmfawmf ud k npfoG m;wm? bmajym&rvJ rodawmh bl;/ ESpfawG awmfawmfMumawmh aumif rav;eJ Y tjyifrS m jyefawG Uw,f/ awG Uawmh b,fvd krS pdwfraumif;bl;/ oleJY uRefawmf pum;ajym&if; cifoG m;awmh bmtuJcwf rdvJ odvm;? olYrSm pum;ajym&if rsufvH k; awG vufawGu *emodyfrNidrfbl;/ ajymwJ hpum;u wpfcgwpfcg OD;wnfcsuf aysmufNyD; ajymcsif&m avQmufajymaewwf w,f/ tJ'gpdwfa0'emwpfrsKd;yJ/ uRefawmf  ol Yud k t&rf;oem;wmyJ/ 'Dwkef;u ol Yt&G,f u 15? 16 tvGefqH k;? olu *sL;vlrsKd;qd kawmh olYud k *sL;rav;qd kNyD; rEÅav;rS m trsm; jynfolodMuw,f/ 'Dbufydkif;eJY ywfouf wJ h bmom&yfawG? acgif;pOfawGud k uRefawmf  odyfrpOf;pm;bl;? pOf;pm;&if bmawGjrif vmovJ odvm;/ olYb0&J U tdyfrufawG b,favmuf twdkif;twmxd ysufpD; ,dk,Gif; tusnf;wefoG m;NyDvJ/ vlawGeJY ywfoufvm&if b,favmufacsmufcsm; oGm;NyDvJ/ tJ'Dawmh rpOf;pm;awmhbl;Asm/ pdwfnpfvdkY/ avmuBuD;udk pdwfnpfvdkY/ om;orD;csif;? ESrcsif; rpmemwJhvlawGudk  pdwfnpfvdkY/ aemufwpfwGJusjyefawmh ESpfa,mufpvH k;eJ Ycifw,f/ ESpfa,mufpvH k; u tEkynmavmuxJuyJ/ t&rf;i,f ao; w,f/ But ESpfa,mufpvH k; tysKd&nf rppf awmhbl;/ &&if&ovdk vpf&ifvpfovdk rdbawG&JUaemufuG,frSm jzpfcsifovdk jzpfaeMuw,f/ i,fuvnf;i,fawmh pdwfESvHk;awGu rNidrfoufEdkifMubl;/aumifav;uawmh jyH K;jzJjzJ/ aumifrav; uawmh public rSm [efaqmifNyD; jyHK;&Sm w,f/ od k Yaomfvnf; vpfwJ htcsdef vSrf;vQKd; vdkufwdkif; aumifrav;[m pdwfukefNyD; pdwf mwfusaeyHkyJ/ rajymcsifawmhygbl;/ avmuom;awG&JU ZmwdADZuawmh &Sif;jy &if &Sif;ovd keJ Y ½Iyf? ½IyfovdkeJY ay:wifBuD; ygyJ/ a,mufsm;qdkwmuvnf; (ud k,ftyg t0ifyg) wpfa,mufrS raumif;bl;av/ ADZtusif hqdkwmu enf;enf;av; [ay; wmeJ Y 0ifwmyJ? bD;pdyfavmufawmif usJvd k Y  r&bl;/ vufckyfqd kwmvnf; ESpfzufpvHk; ygrS ]ajzmif;ajzmif;} jzpfwmyJ/ olwd kYawG tjyif tjyifrS m? &efukefrSm? rEÅav;rSm? awmifBuD;rS m (uJ) jrefrmwpfEdkifiHvH k;rSm b,folrS rodvd kufEd kifwJ h 'grsKd;Zmwfvrf; awG b,favmuf&SdrvJ vlBuD;rif; odyg ovm;/trSefawmh uRefawmfwd  dk Yu rEÅav;rSm 'D*sL;rav; tygt0if 0#fa<u;0#femeJY 'ku©EGHxJrSm tr*FvmawGeJYa&m,SufvdkY ul;cyfae&wJh toufwmawGeJY nDtpfud k armifESrtm;vH k;ud k EIwfuygXfawmf a0rQ &if;eJ Y u,fwifjcif;&apcsifwmyg/ 'gayrJ h tm;ravQmhbl;/ a&mufatmifoG m;NyD; &wJh  tcsdefrS mawmh ]vif;} zd kY&ef Standby yJ/ ajzmifhrwfwJ hvrf;ud k avQmufzdk Y oifh nDr? om;orD;? nDtpfud k armifESrtm;vHk;udk  wGef;tm;ay;&ef oifwd k YqDrS m wm0efud k,fpD  &SdrSef; odMuygap/ g FROM BACK PAGE BEATS tqk  dyg ½kyfodrf;xm;onfhpmukd ,ckv 22 &ufaeYu vufcH &&S  d cJh onf[k w&m;vdk a&SUaersm;uajym Mum;onf/ ¤if;wdkYESpfOD;u xkdif;&JwyfzGJUwGif 0efcH  csufay;xm;rIud k w&m;0if jyefvnf½kyfodrf; aMumif; pm udkvnf; tqkdyg vdyf uR ef; vlowfrI w&m;pGJqkda&;tzGJ U wm0ef&Sdol wpfOD;jzpfonf h yd kifbGef; tmcs0efem xcGef  xH xkdif; a&SUaersm; aumif pDrS a&SUae rpöwm &wfp'g refEl&m p'gu ,ckv 21 &ufaeYu ay;tyfcJ haMumif;ESih  f jrefrmoH½H k; \ txl;tzG  JUrS a&SUaeOD;atm ifrsKd;oef Yu vnf; jref rm ES pf OD;\ xkdif; &J pcef; wGif xGuf qkd cs uf ay; cJh rIonf w&m;½Hk;wGif oufa&mufrIr&S  daMumif;? ,ckuJ hok  d Y &Jpcef; 0efcHcsufud kvnf; jyefvnf ½kyfodrf;ydkifcGif h &Sd aMum if; ajym Mum;cJh onf[k {&m0wD owif;Xmeu a&;om;xm;onf/ zrf; qD; cH xm;&onfh vli,f ES pf OD;rSm trIukd usL;vGefcJ hjcif;r&S  dovd k yg0ifywf ouf cJh jc if; vnf; r&Sd aMum if;? ¤if;wdkYudk xk  dif; &J wyf zGJUu ESdyf puf cJh jc if; rsm;&Sd onf  [k ¤if;wd kYESpfOD;twGuf aqm if&Gufay;ae  onf h a&S Uaejzpfol  Surapong Kongchantuk  u attufzfyDowif;Xmeodk Y ajymMum; cJ honf/ odkYaomf xd kif;&JwyfzG  JUuvnf; tqd kyg vli,fESpfOD;udk w&m;cHtjzpf tpm;xd k;cJh onfqkdonf htcsuftay: jiif;qdkcJ hovk  d 'Dtif ef at ppf aq; csuf? pH kprf; ppf aq; rI twGif; awG U&S  dcJ h&aom oufaotaxmuf txm; rsm;ES ifhwuG pmrs ufESm 850 yg tpD&ifcHpm wpf&yfud k ,ckv 7 &ufaeYu xkwfjyefcJ honf/ xdkif;&JwyfzGJ Uu ud kaZmfvif;ESif h udk0if; aZmfxGef;wdk Yudk vlowfrIESifh rk'drf;rIwd kYjzif h zrf;qD; ppfaq; cJ hum tjcm;EdkifiHrsm;wGif rsKd;½dk;ADZ ud kufnDrIppfaq;&eftwGuf 48 em&DrS 72 em&Dtxd tcsdef,lavh&Sdaomf vnf; aoqHk;ol NAd wd oQ trsKd;orD;\ udk,fwG if awG U&Sd cJhonfh oJvG ef prsm;ESifh jrefrmvli,fESpfOD;\ rsKd;½dk;ADZrsm; udkufnD  rI&S  donf[k xd kif;&JwyfzG  J Uu 24 em&DtwGif; xkwfjyefcJ honf/ tqkd yg vl i,f ES pf OD;udk ppfaq; ar;jref;&mwGif ½kyfydkif;qdkif&mt& ESdyfpuf rI rsm;&Sd ae onf[k owif;rsm;xG uf ay: cJ h&m urÇ mhvl YtcGifhta&; aMunm pm wrf; yg tcsuftvufrsm;ud k av;pm;vd kufem &eftwGuf xdkif;Ed kifiH trsKd;om;vlYtcGif h ta&;aumfr&SifxHod k Y jrefrmEd kifiH trsKd;om; vl YtcGif hta&;aumfr&Sifu ,ckv 21 &uf aeYwGif pmay;yd k Yum arwå m&yfcH wd kufwGef; cJ honf/ ]]¤ if; wd k YES pf OD; tae jzifh jypf rI usL;vG ef onfrSm rSefuefrI&S  dyg vQif Oya'ESif htnD  ta&;,lcH&rnf jzpfaomfvnf; jypfrIudk pHkprf; azmf xk wf &m wGif w&m;rQ wrI &Sd&Sd aqmif &G uf ay; zdk Yvdk tyf ygonf/ xdkYjyif  ¤if;wdk YES pf a,m ufudk xdkif; &J wyf zGJUu zrf;qD;um olwdkYjy pfrIusL;vGefyg onf[k  0efcHatmif ½d kufESufES  dyfpufcJ honf[laom owif;rsm;vnf; xGufay:vsuf&S  dygonf/ ]]ok dYjz pf &m wGif urÇmhvlY tcG ifhta&; aMunm pm wrf; wGif yg&Sd onfh twdkif; n§Of;yef;ESdyfpufjcif; rcH&apa&;ESif h trIud k vdktyfonfxuf yd kí rMumapa&;twGuf  xd kif;EdkifiH trsKd;om;vlYtcGifhta&; aumf r&S if tae jzifh vdktyf ovdk ulnD yHh ydk; aqm if &G uf ay; yg&ef arwåm &yf cH tyf yg onf}}[k pmwGif azmfjyxm;onf/ xdk Ytjyif xdkif; Edk if iH tpdk;&tae jzifh jref rm vl i,f ES pf OD;udk befaum uf NrdKU&Sd jref rm oH t&m &Sdrsm;u aumif ppf tvk yf 0wå&m;rsm;ESif htnD awGUqHkaqmif&GufcGifh  ESif h ¤if;wdk Y\ rdbaqGrsKd;rsm; vma&m uf  awG UqHk cG ifh jyK a&; wdkYud k vlom; cs if; pm em axm uf xm; rIt& cGifh jyK aqm if &G uf ay; &ef arQmfvifhaMumif; azmfjyxm;onf/ ]]xdkif;EdkifiH trsKd;om; vl YtcGifhta&; aumfr&Siftaejzif h xd kif;EdkifiHwGif jrefrm Ed kifiHtvkyform;ESpfOD;\ vlYtcGifhta&;azmufzsufrcH&apa&;twGuf twwfEd kif qH k; yH hyd k;ulnDaqm if&Gufay;yg&ef jrefrm EdkifiH trsKd;om; vlYtcGif hta&; aumfr&Sif  u tav;teuf arwåm&yfcHtyfygonf}} [k a&;om;xm;onf/ od kYaomf xdkif;&JwyfzG  J U\ pH kprf;ppfaq;rI rsm;rS m yGif hvif;jrifomrIr&S  d[k xd kif;jynfwGif; owif; pmrsm;u a&;om; cJhNyD; NAdwd ef rD'D,mrsm;uvnf; NAdwdefEdkifiHom;ESpfOD; towfcH&rIESifhywfoufí xdkif;&JwyfzG  JU \ pHkprf; ppfaq; rIrsm;udk a0zefa&; om; cJ honf/ trIESih  f ywfoufNyD; pH kprf;ppfaq;rIrsm; yl;wGJvkyfaqmif&eftwGuf jrefrmEdkifiHESif h NAdwdefwk  dYrS uk  d,fpm;vS,ftzG  JUrsm;ukdvnf; xk  dif;EkdifiHu vufcHcJhonf/ g jrefrmvli,f ESpfOD;wd  k Yu 0efcHcsuf...  rsufES mzH k;rS  towfcHcJh&aom NAdwdoQEkd if iHom;pHk wG J/
Search
Similar documents
We Need Your Support
Thank you for visiting our website and your interest in our free products and services. We are nonprofit website to share and download documents. To the running of this website, we need your help to support us.

Thanks to everyone for your continued support.

No, Thanks