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A National Climate Impact Profile for Wales

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1. A Revised National Climate Impacts Profile for Wales Clive Walmsley, Natural Resources Wales Simon Hartley, AECOM Lucy Corfield, Welsh Government Climate Week 2014 1…
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  • 1. A Revised National Climate Impacts Profile for Wales Clive Walmsley, Natural Resources Wales Simon Hartley, AECOM Lucy Corfield, Welsh Government Climate Week 2014 1
  • 2. Networks for monitoring climate change
  • 3. The diversity of climate impacts
  • 4. The National Climate Impacts Profile approach • No comprehensive compilation of recent extreme weather events and associated impacts for Wales • Local Climate Impacts Profile (LCLIP) developed by UKCIP for use by Local Authorities • AECOM used a modified LCLIP approach for Wales • Identified on-line media reports of weather events and their impacts over last 13 years (2000-2012) • Provides a preliminary assessment of the diversity and significance of weather-related impacts in Wales
  • 5. The National Climate Impacts Profile approach • Around 128 standard UKCIP defined climate- related search terms and an additional c. 10 local search terms per Local Authority • Highbeam and Factiva search engines used to search 60 online Welsh media archives including BBC, Western Mail, Wales on Sunday, South Wales Echo & Evening Post, Daily Post and local newspaper sites
  • 6. The National Climate Impacts Profile approach • Database provides searchable access to: - weather events and impacts by location and date - which organisation/body/people affected - consequences that occurred - organisations required to make response - qualitative assessment of significance of impact based on extent, severity and duration - details of source of report • 1098 separate reported weather impacts over the 13 years
  • 7. Type of weather event reported
  • 8. Type of weather event reported
  • 9. Spatial distribution of reported weather events corrected by population
  • 10. Type of primary impact
  • 11. Type of primary impact - SAPs 3% 13% 25% 26% 33% Business & Tourism Communities Health Infrastructure Environment Sector affected
  • 12. Type of impact reported by weather responsible for impact
  • 13. Spatial distribution of ‘buildings’ impacted by ‘excessive rainfall’ or flooding’ weather events
  • 14. Proportion of users/sectors affected by extreme weather impacts
  • 15. Users/sectors affected by weather responsible for impact
  • 16. Sectors affected by weather responsible for impact 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% All Business& Tourism Com m unities HealthInfrastructureEnvironm ent Wind Storm Other Low Temp High Temp Frost / snow / ice Excessive rainfall Drought
  • 17. Spatial distribution of ‘building users’ impacted by ‘excessive rainfall’ or flooding’ weather events
  • 18. Reported weather events of ‘High’ significance by weather type
  • 19. Conclusions • Impacts within the database include most identified by CCRA and Welsh scoping study AND some impacts that it did not e.g. crime increase in hot weather • Media reporting of extreme weather and its impacts is inconsistent and biased – ‘frost/ice/snow’ events produced more reports than ‘drought’ or ‘high winds’ • Media reports are largely concerned with immediate impacts on people so long-term effects or effects on the environment are rarely reported • Evidence that greater media reporting of weather events and impacts, as well as greater frequency of impacts, over decade
  • 20. World Newspaper coverage of ‘climate change’ or ‘global warming’ reports
  • 21. Conclusions • Approach provides quick and effective search at relatively low cost to scope climate related impacts • But, it cannot provide a rigorous assessment of spatial or temporal changes in impacts • Considerable differences in spatial distribution of reported weather events and impacts across Local Authorities • Provides a resource for all Local Authorities to help consider adaptation but could be also useful more widely
  • 22. Media researchers: Sandy Miles; Michael Green, Anne Lockett, Clare Wallace; Mark Morant; Simon Hartley; Jess Hogg Database validation, reporting and mapping: Simon Hartley, Mark Morant 22 Acknowledgements
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