A National Monasticism? Monastic Politics of the Syriac Orthodox Church in Syria

A National Monasticism? Monastic Politics of the Syriac Orthodox Church in Syria
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  󰁌󰁅󰁉󰁄󰁅󰁎  | 󰁂󰁏󰁓󰁔󰁏󰁎 Sociology and Monasticism  Between Innovation and Tradition  Edited by Isabelle Jonveaux Enzo PaceStefania Palmisano  Contents  List of Contributors    󰁶󰁩󰁩󰁩  Introduction: The State of the Art in the Sociology of Monasticism    󰁸󰁩󰁩󰁩 󰁐󰁡󰁲󰁴   󰀱 Catholic Monasticism 1 Monastic Asceticism and Everyday Life   3 Salvatore Abbruzzese 2 Virtuosity, “Folklorisation” and Cultural Protest: Monasticism as a Laboratory of the Confrontation between Christianity and Modernity    21  Danièle Hervieu-Léger  3 Female Monasticism in Italy: A Sociological Investigation   34 Giovanni Dalpiaz 4 Ethnography of Cloistered Life: Field Work into Silence   55  Francesca Sbardella 5 Rede 󰁦󰁩 nition of the Role of Monks in Modern Society: Economy as Monastic Opportunity    71  Isabelle Jonveaux 6 An Innovative Return to Tradition: Catholic Monasticism Redux    87 Stefania Palmisano 7 New Spirituality in Old Monasteries?  Kees De Groot, Jos Pieper and Willem Putman   107   󰁶󰁩  󰁃󰁏󰁎󰁔󰁅󰁎󰁔󰁓   󰁐󰁡󰁲󰁴   󰀲 Ex Oriente lux: Ot her forms of Monasticism 8 Athos Outside of Athos: Orthodox Monasticism in the West   133  Laurent Denizeau 9 Spiritual Direction in Orthodox Monasticism: The Elder Beyond  Weber’s Theory of Charisma   150  Maria Hämmerli  10 A National Monasticism? Monastic Politics of the Syriac Orthodox Church in Syria   169  Anna Poujeau 11 Contemplative Spirituality and the Intermonastic Encounter Movement   185 Timon Reichl  12 Experiencing the Liminal: Understanding Separation and Transition among Buddhist Monastic Women in Contemporary Britain   206 Caroline Starkey 13 A Space of Mountains within a Forest of Buildings? Urban Buddhist Monasteries in Contemporary Korea   227  Florence Galmiche 󰁐󰁡󰁲󰁴   󰀳 Methodology and Classical Authors of the Sociology of Monasticism 14 Studying Contemporary Monasticism in Italy: An Anthropological and Historical Perspective   243  Maria Chiara Giorda, Javier González Díez, Sara Hejazi  15 Monasticism and Society in Max Weber and Ernst Troeltsch   261  Paul-André Turcotte   󰁶󰁩󰁩 󰁃󰁏󰁎󰁔󰁅󰁎󰁔󰁓 16 Séguy and the Monastic Utopia   277  Enzo Pace 17 A Sociology of Imagined Societies: Monasticism and Utopia   284  Jean Séguy  Index    321  © 󰁫󰁯󰁮󰁩󰁮󰁫󰁬󰁩󰁪󰁫󰁥   󰁢󰁲󰁩󰁬󰁬   󰁮󰁶  , 󰁬󰁥󰁩󰁤󰁥󰁮 , 2014 |  󰁤󰁯󰁩   10 . 1163 / 󰀹󰀷󰀸󰀹0042󰀸3503  _  011 󰁣󰁨󰁡󰁰󰁴󰁥󰁲    10  A National Monasticism? Monastic Politics of the Syriac Orthodox Church in Syria  Anna Poujeau The publication in 1947 of Albert Hourani’s work,  Minorities in the Arab World  , inaugurated research in the humanities and social sciences on religious and ethnic minorities (Jewish, Muslim and Christian) in the Arab world. These are now better known, both from historical, religious, political, sociological and anthropological perspectives. It is regrettable, however, that so far very few studies have been carried out on the relationships established by these minori-ties with the nation-building process of the Arab states in which they live,  which began in the early twentieth century. The numerical inferiority of these groups was then seen as an insurmountable obstacle to any important role they might play in these matters of national de 󐁦󰁩 nition. In the case of Christian minorities, there is the additional fact that their disappearance from the  Arabian landscape has become a cliché. Although not entirely false, this view is certainly simplistic.Today, from Lebanon to Egypt, passing through Syria and Jordan, there are millions of Christians whose dynamic national involvement leaves little doubt as to their profound anchorage in the Arab world, even if it is true that since the 1970s and the rise of radical Islamic movements, that pan-Arabist ideology, until then rather e 󰁦  fective as a national unifying force for many countries with diverse populations (such as Syria, Iraq and Egypt), has been undermined. Despite the rise of Muslim fundamentalisms, however, Christians do not try to 􀁦󰁬 ee their countries at all costs and following the example of the various Islamic reform movements, the Coptic, Greek, Syrian, Maronite, Armenian, Assyrian and Chaldean churches that emerged from nearly two thousand years of theo-logical, political and religious con 􀁦󰁬 icts, prove their vitality through their reli-gious and, more notably, monastic revival – monasticism then being presented as the oldest and most traditional institution of Eastern Christianity.Studying the monastic revival of the Eastern Churches can highlight the Christians’ current anchoring dynamics in the Middle East. From a method-ological viewpoint, it is necessary to understand this phenomenon within each particular Church and each national context because it is the patriarchs (religious leaders having an authority over a country or a particular region, learned men, often charismatic and concerned with political purposes) who
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